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History of Gender in Brazil

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sarah gallagher

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of History of Gender in Brazil

The History of Gender in Brazil Early Social Customs Women's Groups *Women's movements grew in the 1980s, with the creation of a National Council of Women's Rights
*The first feminist movement focused on human rights movements
*In the 80s and 90s, movements mainly focused on violence against women, with particular attention to domestic violence and sexual abuse/harassment
*Women's movements also encouraged the development of reproductive health rights in 1994 Women in the Workforce
Today *Participation increases with education
*Large wage gap between men and women- but varies by region
Women earn 77.8% of men's wages in Rio de Janeiro
Women earn 73.6% of men's wages in Sao Paulo
In the Northeast, women only earn 63.5% of men's wages
Wage differentials do not reflect differences in education or experience, but instead are attributed to discriminatory practices Women in the Workforce References


http://www.wikigender.org/index.php/Gender_Equality_in_Brazil *Men:
expected to demonstrate masculinity and power

Job was to serve and remain faithful to husbands
remain a virgin until marriage Household Roles: In 1900, women were granted access to schools and employment and in 1933 were granted national suffrage. However, family affairs were not equal between men and women.

Men: automatically heads of household
Women: legally subordinate to their husbands

***Divorce was made legal in 1977 *In the 70s and 80s women's participation in the labor force grew dramatically
*Economic participation of women in Brazil:
18% in 1970
27% in 1980
30% in 1990
*Increases were due to expansion of the services sector and increasing financial demand on families
*Women initially most commonly employed as domestic servants
70% of women in labor force employed by services sector (opposed to 42% of men)
Few women in positions of power http://www.photius.com/countries/brazil/society/brazil_society_gender.html


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