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West Africa

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Colette

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of West Africa

West Africa
West African Countries
Nigeria
Cape Verde
Senegal
Ghana
Guinea
Liberia
Burkina Faso
Gambia
Sierra Leone
Cote d'Ivoire
Guinea-Bissau
Togo
Benin
Sao Tome & Principe
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Baerwald, Thomas John., and Celeste Fraser. Prentice Hall World Geography: Building a Global Perspective. Needham, MA: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print.
Wheeler, Heather Y. "Africa." Africa. Naturalhistoryonthenet, May 2007. Web. 05 Mar. 2014. <http://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Continents/africa.htm>.
Abiola
Abacha
Government Leaders
Geography/Climate
Nigerian History
Industries
There is more rain in the coastal countries which allows for
better farming and more trees
There is a town in Sierra Leone called Freetown which has a
harbor that is among the largest in the world
In west Africa, there are various climates, all the way from
deserts to rain forests
Africa has had various environmental issues particularly
in the Sahel desert such as:
There has also been an overabundance of herding
causing vegetation to be ruined
HIstorically, the most powerful groups took over the most valuable Land

Throughout West Africa,
farming
is an important industry. Many West Africans rely on farming to support themselves.
Peanuts,

millet, sorghum,
and
cacao beans
are popular and are some of the most vital crops grown. The soil in the Sahel region is poor, making farming less productive in that region. Shifting agriculture is used in that area. The coast of West Africa's farming industry is more productive than the Sahel region due to a wetter climate and richer soil.


Yoruba-Southwest
Ibo-Southeast
Hausa Traders and Fulani Herders-North
Nigeria's governmental problems started in the 1980s.
Relied mainly on the sale of oil, until the price fell between 1981-1985
Military started a coup
After the military took control, the country soon turned to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund
People protested for democratic elections
In 1993, the Military almost gave up Power. It was not until 1998 that Nigeria saw a democratic government.
"NIGERIA NEWS SERVICE ONLINE." NIGERIA NEWS SERVICE ONLINE. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Welcome to Foods Resource Bank." Welcome to Foods Resource Bank. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Sahel." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Sani Abacha." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 May 2014. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"The Sahel Region - Syngenta Foundation For Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA)." The Sahel Region - Syngenta Foundation For Sustainable Agriculture (SFSA). Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Nigeria Flag." World Map. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"The Face of Ghana." Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Flag Gambia." , Flags Gambia. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Liberia Flag." , Flag of Liberia. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
West Africa
Was colonized by...
France
Colonized:
Burkina Faso
Benin
Cote D'iVoire
Guinea
Senegal
Portugal

Guinea-Bissau
Sao Tome & Principe
Cape Verde
Colonized:
Great Britain
Colonized:
Nigeria
Sierra Leone
Gambia
Ghana
In 1914
Germany
Togo
Colonized:
Independent Nation
Liberia
The Sahel
The Sahel was not always a desert
7,000 years ago, there was once...
Wild Buffalo
Grassy Plains
Hippopotamuses
Rivers
Years later, the people of the Sahel moved, some traveling North while others went south.
The two separate groups stayed in contact.
The people from the north brought
salt
.
The merchants from the south traded
ivory
,
slaves
and
gold
.
Ghana emerged also known as "The Land of the Gold"
Defeated in 1076.
The Sahel
The four main industries in West Africa are
FARMING
,
HERDING
, the use of
NATURAL

RESOURCES,
and
FISHING
.
Natural Resources
In West African countries, the use of
natural resources
and
mining
are key industries in their economies. West Africa has large deposits of minerals and natural resources that are essential to around the world.

Iron Ore
Bauxite
Copper
Uranium



Iron ore
Palm Oil
Gold
Fishing

Oil
Iron ore
Coal
Natural gas
Limestone

The Sahel:
The Coastal Countries:
Nigeria:
Farming
Peanut Farm
Millet
Sorghum
Cacao Beans
Herding
Coastal Countries
Culture/Society
Fishing:
Fishing and fish processing is a key industry in the coastal countries of West Africa. Since these countries are on the coast, they have access to the sea, large harbors, and are able to fish. Many West Africans make their living by fishing for
sardines
,
grouper
,
snapper
,
shrimp
, and
mackerel
. Overall, fishing benefits many West Africans living in the coastal countries.





"The Asante, like many of the rest of the african peoples believe that if their children continue to respect and honor them after death, they themselves will live on in the spirit world" -Baerwald, Thomas John., and Celeste Fraser. Prentice Hall World Geography: Building a Global Perspective. Needham, MA: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print.
There is great variations in culture depending on the country
Culture has been altered by colonial influences
Countries that have a french influence in the past tend to have more of the islamic religion
Herding cows and other animals is another important industry in West Africa ( Sahel Region). Herding has had positive and negative effects on the countries of the Sahel region's environment and economy. Herding and the domestication of animals provides an income for many West African families. However, many of these animals overgraze the land. These animals eat all the vegetation that holds the Sahel's sandy soil in place. As a result, the soil blows around causing extreme droughts. Many citizens of the Sahel suffer and are forced to evacuate.

Portugal held on to these two countries until 1974
Nigeria
In Nigeria, there are over 700 languages spoken
Greetings are important in culture
Failing to greet a person/hurrying along a greeting is considered disrespectful
"Nigeria." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 6 Mar 2014.
"Benin." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 6 Mar 2014.
"Guinea." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 6 Mar 2014.
"Guinea." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 6 Mar 2014.
"Flag of Burkina Faso." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Feb. 2014. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"File:Flag of Benin.svg." - Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Flag and Description." Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Flag and Description. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Flag of Guinea." , Guinea Flag. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Flag of Senegal." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Main Page." Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Flag of Guinea-Bissau." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Feb. 2014. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"File:Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg." - Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"Cape Verde Flag and Description." Cape Verde Flag and Description. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014
"Togo Flag." , Flag of Togo. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Guinea
It is respectful to avoid eye contact, particularly with the elderly
Females and males do not show fondness in public
Benin
No privacy or isolation in society
Peoples have pride in their heritage and country
Popular religions: animism and voodoo
Togo
Criticism of others in public is considered rude
There is often a family like connection between villagers

THey Wanted...

Coast attracted traders from Europe in the 1400s
-Gold
-Ivory
-Palm Oil
Laborers (enslaved the people)
Ruled most of Africa until 1960.
Drought
Herding
Benin
Six coups took over between 1963-1972.
Started a new constitution.
Liberia
Founded in 1822 by freed slaves.
Fell in 1980 due to a military coup.
Had to get help from foreign countries to stabilize their government.
Sierra Leone
Rebels overthrew government in 1977
11 surrounding countries helped them restore their democratic government.
Once British rule was over the military took over many countries.
Economy:
The Sahel:
Nigeria:
The Coastal Countries:
The economies of the Sahel region are trying to recover after severe droughts and desertification. Many of the countries are in constant need of foreign aid. The countries of the Sahel region want to grow and stabilize their economies. "The nations of the Sahel are directing their energies toward three goals: withstanding the harsh environment; developing natural resources; and making the most of their current human resources and culture ." ( textbook)

In 1981, Nigeria experienced a crash in their economy due to a tumble in oil prices. Nigeria's economy was and still is today based on
oil production
. Between 1981 and 1983, oil prices fell leaving Nigeria's economy a disaster. Today, Nigeria is still trying to recover from the tumble in oil prices, but with a turn in the right direction Nigeria will gain strength on the Africa continent.


Many of the coastal countries economies have been weaken by civil war. The coastal countries are trying to improve their economies on a local level. The key to this new economic approach is its
grass-roots
beginnings. Grass-roots means that it starts with the people. Hopefully, local economies will become stronger, and overtime strengthen the country's overall economy.


Kennedy, Rita. "West Africa Geography Information." Travel Tips. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014
"Culture and Religion in West-Africa." - Atlas West-Africa. N.p., 2009-2014. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Coastal Countries:
Grass-roots
Desertification
Deforestation
Nigerian Oil Prices
Sahel Economy- Drought
BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.
"The End Time." The End Time. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Guardian News and Media, n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
"|| ICRISAT ||." || ICRISAT ||. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
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The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.

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"World Business, Finance, and Political News from the Financial Times - FT.com." World Business, Finance, and Political News from the Financial Times - FT.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Full transcript