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The Lost Generation vs. The Beat Generation
Transcript of The Lost Generation vs. The Beat Generation
The Lost Generation is the generation that emerged from the ashes of WWI. They were referred to as "lost" not because they were faded from memory but because they expressed confusing feelings towards their own society.
The Lost Generation vs. The Beat Generation
made the term the Lost Generation popular in his novel The Sun Also Rises
The term the Lost Generation was coined by Gertrude Stein.
"That is what you are.
That's what you all are ...
all of you young
people who served in the war.
You are a lost generation."
The term went on to describe a group of 1920 writers who rejected post WWI values and believed to have a loss of morals.
Lost Generation Writers
sought meaning of life
drank a lot
lived in Paris
believed that the idea of hope was lost
focused on society flaws
Writers of the
F. Scott Fitzgerald
F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote such works as:
The Great Gatsby
This Side of Paradise
Tender is the Night
He often wrote critically about illusions of wealth and fame while at the same time partaking in the excess of celebrity. Fitzgerald succumbed to alcoholism and his wife to mental illness after years behind the facade of glamour.
He is credited with coining the term "Jazz Age".
Ernest Hemingway served in WWI as a young man he understood the woes of others who came of age in the trenches and were unable to settle back into the norms of society.
Ernest Hemingway wrote:
The Sun Also Rises
A Farewell to Arms
Old Man and the Sea
Ernest Hemingway was the most emblematic figure of this 'Lost Generation.
Gertrude Stein was his mentor.
In 1918, he joined the Italian Red Cross and went to Paris in June 1918.
There he met Gertrude Stein.
The first World War had a profound impact on him, as he was an ambulance driver during the war.
Hemingway eventually withdrew from Stein's influence and their relationship deteriorated into a literary quarrel that spanned decades.
He committed a suicide in 1961, leaving the greatest books of the century.
What is the
The Beat Generation was a revolutionary counterculture movement formed in the 1950's which then transpired as a mainstream symbol of youth and rebellion during the 1950's.
Started at Columbia University in 1944.
When Lucian Carr introduced Allen Ginsberg to Jack Kerouac and William S. Burroughs .
Kerouac coined the term "beat" to mean a non-conformist group of warn out youth's exhausted by war, oppression and social expectations.
The group of friends met in bars and coffee shops to discuss art, poetry. literature, society and sexuality.
The "beats" of this generation were recovering from the devastation of WWII and were very much uninspired by the standard American expectations of working 9-5, getting married, having a mortgage and raising children.
Writers of the Beat Generation
Jack Kerouac was an American writer best known for the novel On the Road, which became an American classic, pioneering the Beat Generation in the 1950s
Kerouac received a football scholarship to Columbia University in New York. He was immediately awed by the limitless new experiences of big city life
"Outside, in the street, the sudden music which comes from the night spot fills you with yearning for some intangible joy—and you feel that it can only be found within the smoky confines of the place."
Kerouac later leaves the University.
Joins the Marines for eight days and is diagnosed with dementia praecox.
Is arrested as a material witness in the David Krammerer murder.
Helped hide evidence for Lucian Carr
Edie Parker paid his bail in an agreement to marry her.
Jack Kerouac later writes a novel with William S. Burroughs called, "And the Hippos were Boiled in their Tanks." that talked about the murder.
Lucian Carr's murder of David Kammerer changes the remaining three.
In 1957 on the Road is published.
Catapulted him to fame.
Become the voice and face of the Beat Generation
William S. Burroughs
Was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, painter, and spoken word performer. A primary figure of the Beat Generation and a major postmodernist author.
Dejected from the Army and later had severe depression.
Wrote such works as:
Known for his
Spent several months in a
After graduating from
Columbia University moves
to San Francisco.
Ginsberg first came to public
attention in 1956 with the
publication of Howl and
Other Poems. “Howl,”
Allen Ginsberg was very influential
during the 60s as the "beats" turned into
"hippies". While his friends turned away thinking that
their culture had become too mainstream. Ginsberg embraced the
new decade and was a political activist who created and advocated