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The Evolution of Hip Hop Dance
Transcript of The Evolution of Hip Hop Dance
The origins of Hip Hop Dance
Where did hip hop originate?
Hip Hop schemas
From rap to breaking
1520 Sedgwick Avenue South Bronx, NY, NY
This is where our short video will go
1967-Clive Campbell of Jamaica
known as 'Kool Herc"-one of the founders of hip hop
Became a DJ and MC (master of ceremony) and announced rhythmic text-
Merry-Go-Round Technique: repeat instrumental breaks between verses, so dancers could show their skills-
"Break Boys" and Breakdancing Style
:rappers: DJs and performers who move in a special hip hop manner
Modern hip Hop
street dance that is characterized by loose, highly energetic movements of the arms, head, legs, chest, and feet
4 primary moves:
almost entirely freestyle, with little choregraphy
danced in battles or sessions, not a stage
Old School Hip Hop-New York
Who started it?
On the street-improvisation
People mimicked moves everywhere-beginning of new culture
Beginnings of breaking: footwork-oriented dance moves, performed while standing up-in circle
Usually the opening of a breaker's performance and leads to other moves
Influences: salsa, lindy hop, Afro-Cuban, Native American dances, and
uprock originated in gangs: mimics fighting and uses two people and used to moderate violence
Strangely, it never became mainstream, some moves are kept in toprock
Progression from Toprock
1970s martial arts films
gymnastics--Kurt/ Thomas Thomas Flare
Formation of dance crews
Early Dance Crews and how they spread Hip Hop
Rock Steady Crew
1977 The Bronx
Flourished when under Richard "Crazy Legs" Colon
Spread breaking's popularity beyond NYC--in movies, Flashdance and Beat Street about hip hop culture
Performed at the Ritz, Kennedy Center, and Jerry Lewis Telethon
1981 Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts Break Battle between Dynamic Rockers and Rock Steady Crew
Covered by Daily News and National Geographic
1982 "Kool Lady Blue" organized New York City Rap Tour
Featured Rock Steady Crew, Afrika Bambaataa, Cold Crush Brothers, the Double Dutch Girls, and Fab 5 Freddy.
Spread hip-hop culture to England and France.
Performed for Queen Elizabeth II at the Royal Variety Performance.
"(Hey You) The Rock Steady Crew", was commercially released. RSC now has satellite crews based in Japan, the United Kingdom, and Italy.
Old School Hip Hop-California
Popping and Boogaloo
Locking and Roboting
Waiving and Ticking
Egyptian and Scarcrow
Americas Best Dance Crews:
Mos Wanted Crew
New Style Hip Hop: Social Dancing
Description of funk
Began in 1970s with Crazy Legs-Richard Colon
Kool Herc's DJing allowed breaking to become enhanced
What is break danding?
A style of competitive, acrobatic, and pantomimic dancing that began as a friendly contest to explore outrageous physical contortions and to show off talent
Spread throughout New York's ghettos
Carribean and South American dance
In the Media
Funk started out as a separate subgroup from Hip Hop. The styles were created on the West Coast during the "Funk era". They were later adopted into hiphop, but their roots are indepentant.
"...involves snapping the legs back, and flexing your muscles continuously to the beat to give a jerky/snapping effect."
Created by a boy later coined "Sam Boogaloo". He was inspired to create his own style of funk after watching the dance group, Lockers, perform. Sam created the dance forms known as Popping and Boogaloo
The dancers attempt to create their movements as fluid as possible.
Popping can be concentrated in different parts of the body: arm pops, knee pops, hip pops.
pop to the beat of the music, very rythmic
It involves having the body flow together, often using body rolls with the hips, shoulders and legs.
Electric Boogaloo incorporates parts of both of these styles into a single dance.
Dancing in a style imitating a robot or mannequin.
Using stiff joints and movements to imitate the motions
Fast movements and then freezing in to a "locked" pose
Can be funny and sometimes interacts with the audience.
Also known as tutting, this dance uses mostly the arms in creating geometric shapes with the body.
Also known as tutting, this dance uses mostly the arms in creating geometric shapes with the body, mostly at right angles.
Using the body to imitate fluid like "waves" though the body.
Common Examples of Hip Hop Line Dances
• sociability and socializing are the primary focuses of social dance, danced with a variety of partners, relaxed, easy-going in nature, many social dances are partner dances
• Repetition of steps
• Dance in lines and rows
• Facing one another
• No physical contact among the dancers
• Association with country music and dance, similarities to folk dance
• Balkan countries: most common to encounter line dancing
• The Madison was a popular line dance in the late 1950s
Imitation of a scarecrow
This includes hands arms outstretched to the sides as if tied like a scarecrow.
paired with loose movements in the legs and body.
Ticking is a way of popping.
but usually twice as fast.
DJ KOOL HERC
Bambataa-Zulu Nation: included the five elements of hip hop culture and promoted its spread
originated in Oakland, CA
stands for Taking Up Room on the Floor(acronym credited to Jeriel Bey)
improvisation, free flowing dance that focuses on storytelling, creating optical illusions, and displaying distinct personal style
social dance that is primarily danced to house music
started in the clubs of New York and Chicago
emphasizes fast and complex foot-oriented steps, with fluid torso movements
Alonzo "Turf" Jones
Dance-based television shows like, America's Best Dance Crew, portray professional hip hop dancers who work hard to be on the show and stay on it.
Because of shows like this the public audience may have high hopes to make it to fame if they want to dance in groups or solo
Legitimizes hip hop in society
Get ready for some modern hip hop!!!
Cha Cha Slide
began as early as 1970s with James Brown
Get on the Good Foot
The Hammer Dance
19780s and 1990s
Can't Stop Won't Stop: a History of the Hip-Hop Generation.
New York: Picador, 2005. Print.
Watkins, Craig S.
Hip Hop Matters
. Boston: Beacon Press, 2005. Print.