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Arab Spring in Egypt
Transcript of Arab Spring in Egypt
In order to keep good relations, the U.S. has sent $1.3 billion to the Egypt yearly. Recently, Egyptians say they no longer want aid from the U.S., believing that taking money from foreigners will end up having a negative effect on their nation's power.
What Started the Problem?
On January 25, 2011, thousands of people filled the streets of many Egyptians cities, demanding an end to the 30-year rule of President Hosni Mubarak.
What the People Want
The Future for Egypt
~Youth unemployment, high food prices, and unwanted corruption are the hardships that led to the overthrow of the rulers in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. Some protests were wrongfully labeled “the Arab Spring” which created multiple conflicts between different groups. Many economic issues have turned into political issues.
~The Arab Spring was supposed to bring in a more democratic political order in the Middle East. Instead, those most in power were bearded Islamists who wanted to impose the sharia.
~In 2011 they thought this would be the turning point, but they are back to a “temporary” martial law that will probably last for years.
In 2011, the Egyptian people wanted to end their government's military-backed dictatorship. Two years later, they demand the restoration of a military-backed dictatorship.
The people of Egypt want basic freedoms, and a future that guarantees jobs and an opportunity to pursue their passions.
These protests were influenced by the collapse of the government in Tunisia.
The Egyptian government has blamed the Muslim Brotherhood for the violent protest, but the movement has declared that the Muslim Brotherhood has little to do with them.
The repressive government has taken away the most basic rights of the the people and the ability to elect their leaders. They’re looking to have their voices heard on issues that impact their future, like the environment, jobs, and the rights of women.
~Egypt has a high poverty rate. Some live on less than $2 a day. Forty percent of the average household's spending goes toward food, which for many families is half of their budget.
January 25, 2011 – Activists in Egypt begin protesting against poverty, unemployment, government corruption and the rule of president Hosni Mubarak, who has been in power for three decades.
February 11, 2011 – Mubarak steps down and turns power over to the military. The military dissolves parliament and suspends the constitution, meeting two key demands of protesters.
June 30, 2012 – Mohamed Morsi becomes the president.
November 30, 2012 – Islamists in the constituent assembly rush to complete the draft of the constitution. Morsi sets a Dec 15 date for a referendum.
December 4, 2012 – More than 100,000 protesters demand the cancellation of the referendum and the writing of a new constitution. The next day, Islamists attack an anti-Morsi sit-in, sparking street battles that leave at least 10 dead.
June 30, 2012 – Millions of Egyptians demonstrate, calling for Morsi to step down. Eight people are killed in clashes outside the Muslim Brotherhood's Cairo headquarters.
July 1, 2012 – Large-scale demonstrations continue, and Egypt's powerful military gives the two sides 48 hours to resolve their disputes, or it will impose its own solution.
July 3, 2012 – Deadline for Morsi and opponents to come to agreement, or the military says it will impose its plan. Military ousts Morsi, suspends constitution and imposes interim technocrat government.
July 2, 2012 – Military officials disclose main details of their plan if no agreement is reached: replacing Morsi with an interim administration, cancelling the Islamist-based constitution and calling elections in a year.
U.S. is now taking steps to suspend their aid to Egypt. It's a difficult decision since Egypt is the ally that would help them should anything go wrong with Siria
Saudi Arabia has pledged to financially help North Africa to help in areas that Western nations have failed to provide help
Morsi's constitution involved making a change in the Egyptian government. He believed that the foundation of the government needed to be the Islamic religion. An Islamic government would rid women of any rights, and would keep them from getting an education.
“Women, Christians, intellectuals, all these were sidelined in the new constitution. They would say, ‘You can have liberty of expression, freedom, etc. — if it is in conformity with Sharia.’”
— Mona Makram-Ebeid
Almost three years into the Arab Spring revolts, profound uncertainties remain
Although new elections are promised, the plans are extremely vague
Not looking too good!