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THERAPIES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS - PART 1
Transcript of THERAPIES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS - PART 1
THERAPIES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Treatments used in the middle ages for mental illness:
1. Trepanning - a hole bored in the skull.
2. Exorcism - to get rid of the demons (sometimes used physical torture).
3. Ergot Poisoning - fungus - natural source
Free Association - Word is given...Person
says whatever comes to mind.
2. Dream Analysis - analyzing dream symbols that have personal or emotional meanings .
Manifest Content - the obvious
visible meaning of the dream;
Latent Content- hidden symbolic
1. insight vs. Action Therapy
2. Directive vs. Indirective
3. Individual vs. Group
4. Open-ended vs. Time Limited.
HUMANISTIC- CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY: CARL ROGERS
Treatments that are unique in their emphasis on people’s self-healing capacities, that encourage clients to understand themselves and to grow personally.
Sometimes called person-centered therapy, this is a non directive therapy based on insights gained from conscious thoughts and feelings - emphasizes accepting one's true self.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
COGNITIVE THERAPY - A therapy directed at changing the maladaptive thoughts, beliefs, and feelings that under lie emotional and behavioral problems.
RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THERAPY- REBT- An approach that states that irrational such beliefs must be changed or abandoned. .Albert Ellis
BEHAVIOR THERAPY - ALL THE WORLD IS A SKINNER BOX - The application of learning principals to change human behavior, especially maladaptive behavior.
AVERSION THERAPY - Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive (painful or uncomfortable stimuli)
“VIRTUAL REALITY EXPOSURE”.
Use of computer-generated images to present fear stimuli. The virtual environment responds to a
viewer’s head movements and other inputs.
VIRTUAL REALITY EXPOSURE
Use of computer-generated
images to present fear stimuli. The virtual environment responds to a viewers head movements
and other inputs.
Psychoactive Drug Therapy, ECT, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Deep Brain Sensors, Psychosurgery, Hospitalization....
Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan: USCICT
ECT- One Flew Over. the Cuckoos Nesr-1975
Stem Cells - Bi-polar U. Of Michigan
Psychotherapy is a psychological technique that can bring about positive changes in personality, behavior, or personal adjustment.
TELEPHONE & INTERNET THERAPISTS :
Persons in rural areas have access.
Clients can remain more anonymous.
It may be less expensive.
Distance Therapy is limited by a lack of interpersonal cues (non-verbal, facial expressions, body language...)
The persons may or may not be trained professionals.
THERAPY & CULTURE
A culturally trained therapist has the awareness, knowledge, and skills necessary to treat clients from diverse cultural backgrounds. "A Bad Case of Ifufunyane"- p. 565 (text)
CONFIDENTIALITY: An ethical principal which requires that information shared by the client in the course of treatment is not shared by others.
EXCEPTION: Tarasoff - Duty
to Warn or Protect
RESOURCES FOR SEEKING PROFESSIONAL HELP:
1. Family Physician
2. College and University Counseling Services
4. Community or County Mental
5. The Yellow Pages
6. Crises Hot Lines
The first true psychotherapy was created
by Sigmund Freud.
Stresses the importance of the unconscious mind and the role of early childhood experiences in the development of an individual’s problems.
The main goal of psychoanalysis was to reduce internal conflicts that led to emotional suffering.
Virtual PTSD Treatment- Department of Defense
Virtual Reality for Specific Phobias and Panic Disorder Virtual Reality Medical Center
Berkley Studies Brain Stimulation..Stroke Therapy Smart Planet CBS
Transcranial - Mayo
MINDFULNESS THERAPY - UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
The relationship between the therapist and client...working together as a team... This working relationship is characterized by trust, respect, and cooperation.
4 MAIN APPROACHES TO PSYCHOTHERAPY
1. PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY
2. HUMANISTIC THERAPY
3. BEHAVIOR THERAPY
4. COGNITIVE THERAPY
Use of a combination of techniques from different therapies based on the therapist’s judgment of which particular methods will provide the greatest benefit for the client.