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Transcript of Primary Sources
Columbus Landing 1842-1847
Columbus Landing of Hispaniola 1594
Columbus Landing 1860-1880
First-hand account of an event:
- diaries, journals, letters
- legal documents
Circle of View Points
Primary Source Analysis Tool
What else with primary source ?
- make a headline
- consider different points of view
- sequence different primary sources in chronological order
- compare different primary sources on the same topic to consider "author's" point of view
- combine different types of primary sources on the same topic
- combine with secondary source
- etc., etc.
Who made this?
When was it made?
Why was this made? Purpose?
When was this made?
Where was it made?
Where is this place?
How was it made?
How did my thinking change?
What do you see?
What do you notice first?
What do you see in the foreground
What do you see in the background?
What do you NOT see that you expected to see?
Critical Thinking Skills
Primary & secondary source
PS Analysis Tool
* Critical Thinking
* Beyond PS Analysis
* Resources: LOC & oh-so-many
Second-hand account of an event:
- internet resource
paintings, poems, newspaper articles, songs, ...
What do you THINK/INFER based on what you see? WHY?
What do you think was happening when this was made?
What else are you curious about?
What more do you want to know?
How can you find out?
- Close reading skills
- synthesizing details for bigger ideas
- Support thinking with evidence
- Consider purpose of the author
- Consider audience
- Consider tone/mood
- Omitted information, why?
- Sourcing: who, when, what, why
Primary Source Analysis
link to "Teacher's Manual" for different primary sources
Types of Primary Source
photograph, paintings, other
newspaper (before 1923)
manuscripts (letters, diaries, etc)
1. Have students come up with different people involved
2. Two students have a conversation each taking on a role
3. Discuss "How did that make you feel?"
4. Repeat with two different roles
* write a diary entry
* write a letter
Library of Congress
- National Archive
- Gilder Lehrman Institute
- Huntington Digital Library
(Standford History Education Group)