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Why Did They Kill?

The Khmer Rouge & the Cambodian Genocide
by

B Dalia

on 23 May 2010

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Transcript of Why Did They Kill?

History WHY DID THEY KILL?


As you read...


is Hinton able to answer his research question?


what allows for genocide to occur? How did the Khmer Rouge come
into Power? Leader of the Khmer Rouge + Democratic Kampuchea (1976-1979) http://top-10-list.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Pol-Pot.jpg POL POT (1928-1998) IDEOLOGY IDEOLOGY IDEOLOGY Cambodia in the Shadow of Genocide Alexander Laban
Hinton ~1860. King Norodom crowned 1863. French colonial rule 1884. French force Prince Norodom
to hand over power through documents 1897. French gain executive authority
in Phnom Penh 1904. King Norodom dies 1904-1927. Sisowith sits on Cambodian throne 1927-1941. Monivong rules 1941. Norodom Sihanouk crowned &
made last ruling monarch as head of state 1945. Japanese overthrow French rule 1945. French regain control 1952. Sihanouk regains power and creates an
authoritarian state
1953. Complete Cambodian independence established
under Sihanouk
1955. Sihanouk renounces throne to his father
Norodom Suramarit to create the "people's
socialist community"and take the role of Prime Minister
1960. Sihanouk's father dies; Sihanouk takes power
1963. Pol Pot began strengthening the Khmer Rouge party
1970. National Assembly removes Sihanouk and places
Lon Nol in power
1975. Lon Nol overthrown; "Year Zero" begins with Pol Pot
assuming power with the Khmer Rouge
1979. Vietnamese overthrow Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge party Marxism-
Leninism Agricultural-
Collectivization Maoism Authoritarian
Communism Genocide -the facts- Article II from the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Genocide "...any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group" "To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss" WHY DID THEY KILL? a) Killing members of the group
b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part
d) Imposing measures to prevent births within the group
e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. Introduction 1. A head for an Eye:
Disproportionate Revenge 2. Power, Patronage, and Suspicion 3. In the Shade
Of Pol Pot's UMbrella 4. The DK Social order 5. Manufacturing Difference 6. The Dark Side of
Face and Honor COnCLUSION Local understanding of
REVENGE Hatred Disproportionate
Revenge Buddhism *Rise above other
*Shame wiped clean
*Fear = no retaliation Equilibrium US THEM political identity
progressive thought
"old" people
farmers & peasants

disagreed with Khmer ideology
regressive thought (corrupt)
"new" people
foreigners (Vietnamese, Thai, Chinese)
intellectuals: teachers, doctors, engineers, etc. Definitions Recognition US THEM peasant origins
peasant accent
knowledge of farming
no formal education
revolutionary zeal
hard work
obedience
hatred of "the enemy" oppressor class background
soft hands & lack of knowlege of agricultural work
glasses
use of foreign words
complaints or lack of enthusiasm
dwelling on the past
sickness/laziness
close familial ties
sexual affairs
hiding personal possessions
stealing food
if not foreign... Interpretation
of actions *ethnonationalist government propaganda
-speeches
-rallies
-media
-military indoctrination
-official publications .Philosophy. Meaning Order Anxiety threat of non-being suspicion Don't mess with my ideology
or I'll end YOU. :( justified executions IDENTITY CONSTRUCTION
-perception of existence in relation to environment
-interpersonal relationships
-private experiences
-Conceptual memories and schemas (acts based on meaning, values, social roles, beliefs, goals) = STRIPPED only sense of self = state ideology when someone threatens your only perception of self, your identity... face = "self image one asserts in given contexts depending
on the evaluations of and esteem accorded by self and others" (252)

-reflects one's position in society
-negotiated during social interactions Culture & Ideology [unintentional] ideology = new way of evaluating others & gaining "face" -not just following orders genocidal priming WHY DID THEY KILL? Cambodia's state... -people drawn to promise of renewal
-rid existential anxiety & meaninglessness
-created order and simplicity
-scapegoats for problems = reason for chaos Are Hinton's explanations for why the perpetrators committed such violent acts convincing?
Can parallels be made to other genocides or acts of violence we have studied thus far that deal with violence and motivation? Is there a way to make sense of the atrocities committed during genocide?
Are you responsible?
Any remorse?
Eyes of the Pineapple Relationship with Buddhism "familyism"
role of children "microbes" date disputes crickets "We were told repeatedly that in order to save the country, it was essential to destroy all the contaminated parts....It was essential to cut deep, even to destroy a few good people rather than chance one 'diseased' person escaping eradication" (155) "Continuous revolution required enemies" (168) Filling the roles of the dead "My ears became exhausted by the suffering of the prisoners" -Ung Pech (179) "What motivated the guards to perform acts of cruelty that often exceeded their direct orders?" (180) Face & Rank Hierarchy Remains Women's Roles Methods of Indoctrination Self-Awareness Muslim Cham Population "Before Indian traders frequented Southeast Asian coastal towns, bringing new goods and Hindu-Buddhist ideas, people living in the area we now call Cambodia are thought to have viewed their world as being animated by immanent energies" (97-98) Animist, Buddhist, Hindu concepts =
local understandings of power Strings of Power + potency
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