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Skill Acquisition AS PE Summary
Transcript of Skill Acquisition AS PE Summary
Transfer of Learning
Inverted U Theory
Types of Guidance
Short term memory!
Short term memory can be broken down in to 3 simple points:
1. limited capacity- this means only about 7 items can be stored at a time!
2. limited time- information can be lost with distraction or just over a short period of time!!
3. encoding- which is translating visual information into sounds!
Short term memory is a store where there is a large capacity of information, it gets decreased by ‘chunking’ the information so it can be processed.
When a performer reaches the autonomous stage of learning (the level of an expert) they are able to pull off lower ordered skills without having to really think about. Therefore the performers execution of the skill/movement has become autonomous (automatic).
When the performance of an expert is watched and they do these simple/ lower levelled skills it looks fluent and natural to someone who is not an expert but a learning to do similar skills, as they are having to think about what they are doing.
Someone who is in the autonomous stage will then be able to groove their performance as the skill has been overlearned.
Some performers can participate successfully in other sporting activities by using sub routines from their sport that are similar and would be helpful to use in a certain activity I.e., if you haven't had much experience playing rugby but you have in football and you are asked to cake a penalty in rugby, you can recall the skill of taking a free kick in order to help you perform the skill.
What happens at the Autonomous stage?
unlike the motor programme the open loop control operates without feedback and is termed the memory trace.
The open loop is a lot like the autonomous stage as the skill is able to be pulled off without much thought as they’ve learnt it so well it happens by nature and the skill is also very rapid i.e. the driving of the club in a golf swing.
However, small adjustments can be made to the skill with little or no conscious thought i.e. in skiing moving a little so you don’t come of balance and go in the correct direction.
These link to the motor programme as they are retrieving the information of how to do the skill and because it is so well learnt the skill can be done easily as its been so well practiced.
How can this be linked to open loop control?
Organisation and determination of practice
Open and Closed Loop