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DEEP-WATER PLATFORM

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Catalina Valencia Cárdenas

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of DEEP-WATER PLATFORM

DEEP-WATER PLATFORM AND RISER
Offshore Structure
Exploration
3 Types
Resting on the ground
Oil spills
Other structures
Factors
History
Surf
Extreme Weather
Turbines
Airports
Building foundations
Energy use
1978
1991
2013
2000
1974
1947
Gulf of Mexico
Shell
Gulf of Mexico
Shell
South Africa and southwest Asia
Begin oil exploration
Today
3000 m
Gulf of Mexico
Kerr Mc Gee
Brazil
120 m
31,7 m
Petrobras
United Kingdom

first floating system
312 m
COGNAC
Bull Winkle
412 m
Functions
Production
Dwelling
Exploración
Producción
Vivienda
Telecommunications tower
Torre de telecomunicaciones
Design
weight
Forces
Surf
Current
Wind
earthquakes
Olas
Corrientes
Viento
Sísmos
Peso
Type
Floating
Artificial Island
Resting on the ground
Fixed
Compliant
Dócil
Fijas
least
Shallow (poco profundas)
Jacket
Moderately deep (profundidades moderadas)
Gravity
Concrete structures (estructuras en hormigon)
Jack-Ups
Comprising armor shaped legs (posee patas en forma de armadura)
Small cover(pequeña cubierta)
First platform
Supported on piles (soportadas en pilotes)
Tubular steel (perfil tubular en acero)
Reticulated structures (estructuras reticuladas)
Supported on piles
Large and thick (grandes y macizas)
Floating or fixed (flotante o fija)
Articulated
Consists of a tower attached to a base (torre atada a una base)
Compliant tower
Deformable
Guyed tower
Like a compliant tower with braces (como la torre dósil con tirantes)
Cardan joint (junta cardán)
Supported on piles
Apoyadas en el suelo
Isla artificial
Flotantes
Tower not support the weight (la torre no soporta el peso)
Useful part is connected to the ground by the tower (la parte util se conecta al suelo mediante la torre)
Torre arristrada
Floating
Floating structure connected to a base by tendons
Tension leg platform TLP
Single point Mooring SPM
Semi submersible
Floating Production Storage and offloading FPSO´s
Offshore drilling rigs
Shipping
Plataforma de patas en tensión
Fondeos de punto único
Barcazas
Drill ship
Semi submersible
Buques de perforación
Unidades flotantes de producción
Fixeds
Jackups
TLP
SPAR
SEMI
Drilling
Riser system
Production/injection
Drilling
Circulate fluids
Configuration
Design
Stress and sectional forces
VIV
Wave fatigue
Interference
1991: unos 1.968 millones de litros fueron derramados deliberadamente de los buques petroleros iraquíes durante la primera Guerra del Golfo para impedir la invasión de EE.UU.
1979: unos 529 millones de litros se filtraron durante nueve meses tras la explosión de un pozo en la bahía de Campeche, frente a la costa de México.
1979: unos 340 millones de litros se esparcieron de un petrolero de Grecia después de chocar con otra embarcación cerca de la costa de la isla caribeña de Trinidad.
1983: unos 302 millones de litros se derramaron en el Golfo de México durante varios meses después de que un buque se estrellara con una plataforma de perforación.
1989: unos 41 millones de litros se virtieron frente a las costas de Alaska en el desastre de la Exxon Valdez.
COLOMBIA
Guajira, Chuchuca platform
Production
Production
Production and storage
Exploration and drilling
Exploration and drilling
Full transcript