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#Pro-Ana

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ilonka miu

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of #Pro-Ana

#thinspo
The Emergence of
thinspiration
blogs on the internet
#Thinspo
History:
What is it?
Relevance
Where is it Found?
85% of Girls aged 8-10 (sexualisation of pre-teens) Believe they are “overweight”
45% have already started dieting
In the past decade, the number of girls that have eating disorders has DOUBLED
Over half of teenage girls and nearly 1/3 of teenage boys use unhealthy weight control behaviors (skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting, and taking laxatives.)

Examples:
Real Life Situation:
#THINSPO
Emergence of thinspo culture started in late 90’s
started to become more popular with the rise of hashtags and sites such as Twitter, Tumblr, Pinterest, Instagram
A sense of belonging (77%),
social support (75%),
support for the choice to continue current eating disorder behaviors (54%)
#Hipbones, #Thigh Gap,#Collarbones,
#Bikini Bridge ,#bonespo
Psychological factors:
OCD
depression
anger
the need of control some feel the need of control
Facts:
Why do it:
Hashtags:
To what extent can we hold the media responsible for a widespread obsession with unrealistic body ideals?
AOK and WOK
Knowledge Issue
Areas of Knowledge

Ways of Knowing:

History
flappers, pin-ups, victorian etc
The ethics
To what extent is the use skinny females to represent the average "healthy" female ethically correct?
Reason:
why do we do/succumb to these things without questioning it?
The arts:
Viewing modelling/fashion and advertisements/commercials, as art

The media undoubtedly propagates idealistic visions of beauty
but to what extent can they be blamed for the
"obsession"
to what extent can it be considered
"unrealistic"

The Role of the Media-->
Celebrities
Companies
Websites:
thinspo= is an online phenomenon that serves as an illustration of the media's portrayal of the ideal human form/ aesthetic
The Fashion World; Models, PhotoShop, magazines
The Other Side of it-->
Advocates of "Real Beauty"
Jennifer Lawrence, Beyonce
"Healthy" weightloss blogs
#Fitspo
To what extent to both sides blend?-->
Body Shaming
Skinny Shaming, Fat Shaming
Emotion
Sense of Perception

Renaissance
voluptuous
20’s
flat, boyish figure
50’s
Curvy Pin-ups
90’s

heroin chic look
http://anorexic-you-mean-perfect.tumblr.com/
“thin-girls-have-more-fun.tumblr.com/‎”
missbodyissues.tumblr.com/‎
Some websites such as tumblr, pinterest and instagram are now making an effort censoring the hashtag
#thinspiration #proanorexia and #probulimia are now unsearchable tags

Are they indirectly supporting detrimental trends by hosting them on their sites?
Are social media sites ethically bound to the protection of their users?

Discouragement
Editors are notorious for over-photoshopping images of celebrities and thin models
Many people have different perceptions of the ethics behind photoshop
some say it enhances their beauty and is a means for altering art
others: represents distorted images and unrealistic ideals
Advertising and Commercials Photoshop
Celebrities
Movies/TV
Often presents unrealistic ideals of body image.
Use of overly skinny actresses and models
Kate Moss: Known for her thin figure, Kate Moss was single handedly seen as the Icon of the 90’s and the origin of the “Heroin Chic” look.
Celebrities
and their weight are a prevalent topic of many thinspiration blogs, encouraging women to attain the same realities
Mary-Kate Olsen: Checked into rehab for a eating disorder

Beyonce (size 6)- considered “voluptuous”
Zooey DesChanel (121lbs)- is a “normal, average size”
national american average is a size 16

Having such "role models" and "representatives" can often emotionally influence young naive teens and one should question the reasoning behind using such figures in the media.
Companies
Brandy Melville
One size fits most policy→ generalizing the norm/what’s trendy
Brandy Melville’s company practices are toxic to our culture. - Rini Sampath, Opinion Writer
Abercrombie
Mike Jeffries, ceo of Abercrombie response to their company not carrying XL was that they were trying to target the “cool kids in school”
““That’s why we hire good-looking people in our stores. Because good-looking people attract other good-looking people, and we want to market to cool, good-looking people.”
Derivatives of the Thinspo trend

“In Hollywood, I'm obese. I'm considered a fat actress”-
Fitspo
The Blogs:
Promotes being fit, healthy and active lifestyle.
Often contain images of people working out, healthy food and nutrition facts

The extremity of it:
Fitspo blogs often shame people for their unfit lifestyle
Skinny Shaming and Fat Shaming are examples of this
How thin is the line between thinspo and fitspo?

Although claiming to promote a healthy lifestyle,
Essentially, the sole purpose of the blog (similar to thinspo) is to inspire women to lose weight
Although focusing on healthier alternatives than thinspo, Fitspo blogs still perpetuate unrealistic body ideals with the use images of underweight girls with slight muscle definition
while the use of “fit” girls make the idea more “acceptable”

Body Shaming
Body Shaming: Shaming those who do not have a “healthy” body.

Fat Shaming
: the act of bullying or shaming those who are overweight.
The idea of being fat is often associated with being lazy, gross or unhealthy
Ke$ha had recently admitted herself into rehab for a eating disorder. The singer claimed this started when a unflattering photo of her became a topic of many talk shows and news paper.
Both are just as bad as they are still unrealistic and contribute to body dysmorphia.
Skinny Shaming:
often shames girls who are naturally skinny for being this way.
The idea of being thin can be associated with being weak, sickly or anorexia
Alexa Chung known for her tiny boyish figure was skinny shamed to an extent of closing her instagram when a image of her and her skinny legs were being posted.
Summary
KI: To what extent can we hold the media responsible for a widespread obsession with unrealistic body ideals?
Our own bias:

Personally, we feed into these ideals set by the media.
We shop at stores such as Brandy Melville and Abercrombie, we watch tv shows with skinny actors/actress,
we read magazines filled with photoshopped models, all the while knowing about how toxic these can be for people and girls just like us.
Real Life
Situation 2
RLS: The perception of social class in relation to skin-colour-
Pigmentocracies

Colorism:
is not a synonym of racism, colorism is the dependence of social status on skin color alone
Numerous pigmentocracies across the world, show that lightest-skinned peoples have the highest social status, followed by the tanned-skinned, and finally the darker-skinned who are at the bottom of numerous social hierarchies
Methods of altering skin pigment are very common, some methods are:
Bleaching
Beauty products such as cream
¼ women surveyed in Hong Kong, Singapore, Philippines use a skin lightening cream.

Knowledge Issue #2
To what extent has history influenced our perception of what we believe social superiority looks like.
Blogs that inspire you to become thin, often promoting/involving unhealthy habits such as anorexia and bulimia
International Colorism
North America:
the phenomenon behind bronzer and artificial tanning
Commercialization of light-skin blacks
France:
Melanin pills-speed up melanocyte production
Asia:
Class association with porcelain/light skin
“ Asian mythological protagonists are typically fair and depict virtue, purity, and goodness. Fairness is equated with feminine beauty, racial superiority, and power and has strong influences on marital prospects, employment, status, and income.[12]”
In British India, those with fairer skin were allowed more privllages
Most indian actor/actresses have light skin tones
Extreme Tanning equated with youth in Japan
Harajuku

Tumblr, Instagram, Pinterest, Magazines, Twitter, Facebook
Renaissance
Slavery
Those with lighter skin were allowed to work in the house, as opposed to the fields
20’s
Coco Chanel made tan skin seem fashionable,luxurious and healthy

Today
Western: tan skin is associated with having free time
Asia: seen as having higher social standing, as opposed to having to work outdoors in fields

Art and Colorism
African Americans possessing lighter skin complexion and “European features” are able to have
more opportunities
in the entertainment industry; actors, models, personalities, ect..
less than 1% of african american models are used in advertisement
Dark skinned males are usually depicted in stereotypical stock, character roles
African American Studies Proffessor Darron T. Smith, Ph.D. explains that
The typical roles that Black males are depicted in are:
the token black person,
the comedic relief,
the athlete,
the over-sexed ladies' man,
the violent black man as drug-dealing criminal
gangster thug.

History of Skin Color and Hierarchy
very pale, almost white skin. Often used powder
History:
History has shown that people with lighter skin often have a high social standing
Media:
Lighter Skinned actor/actresses/models are hired more often presenting an unrealistic ideal
The ethics
Judgement based upon one's skin color
Reason:
why do we do/succumb to these things without questioning it?
The arts:
Viewing modeling, fashion and advertisements, as art
History of Body Trends
Skin Colour and Social Hierarchy: PIGMENTOCRACIES
As early as 1944, Alejandro Lipschutz, a Chilean anthropologist, coined the idea of Latin America as a pigmentocracy where the
region’s social hierarchies are ethnic or color-based
.


A study of five Latin American countries has shown:

that skin color is more closely correlated with one's
occupation
and
education
than their self-identifying factors (like one's qualifications)
Media’s portrayal of skin pigment:
Works Cited
The role of Media
Final Conclusion
KI 2 -
To what extent has history influenced our perception of what we believe social superiority looks like.
KI 1 -
To what extent can we hold the media responsible for a widespread obsession with unrealistic body ideals?
Our own bias:

The media surrounds us everyday
guerrilla style marketing
More power as technology grows
huge responsibility to be ethical
But,
The effort is made to portray "Real Beauty"
Light censorship is done to discourage unhealthy trends
Other components to consider, like psychological disorders and personal relations
Our own bias:
Although we learn about the archaic nature of the past,
History is still a big factor in the values we share with family and hold amongst ourselves
leading us to believe, that history implicitly influences our perception of social hierarchy, but our ability to question archaic values is what continuously keeps these beliefs evolving

"ANAD." Eating Disorders Statistics « « National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/eating-disorders-statistics/>.

"Beauty through the ages - The Renaissance." - The Beauty Biz. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. <http://www.thebeautybiz.com/78/article/history/beauty-through-ages-renaissance>.

"How (Exactly) To Look Like A French Girl." Refinery29. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2014. <http://www.refinery29.com/french-beauty#page-2>.

"Immortal Geisha - Make-Up of Geisha and Maiko." Immortal Geisha - Make-Up of Geisha and Maiko. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. <http://www.immortalgeisha.com/makeup_01.php>.

"N/A." N/A. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.vanderbilt.edu/lapop/insights/IO873en.pdf>.

"NEDIC. Information for Eating Disorders and Weight Preoccupation.." <statisticsarchive />. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nedic.ca/knowthefacts/statisticsArchive.shtml>.
Shoker, Sandish.

"Ballet and eating disorders: 'Unspoken competitiveness' adds pressure to be thin." BBC News. BBC, 28 June 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-22985310>.
Smith, Ph.D..

"Images of Black Males in Popular Media." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 14 Mar. 2013. Web. 3 Feb. 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/darron-t-smith-phd/black-men-media_b_2844990.html>.
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