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Transcript of Arabic Calligraphy
There are 18 distinctive letters and shapes, but the full alphabet is 28 letters which is made by adding various combinations of dots above or below some of these shapes.
25 of these letters are consonants, and only 3 are vowels. The Arabic script evolved from the Nabataean Aramaic script. It has been used since the 4th century AD, but the earliest document dates from 512 AD.
The Aramaic language has fewer consonants than Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to the already existing letters in order to avoid any doubtfulness or uncertainty. The dots also helped create vowel sounds because of the lack of vowels.
Further signs and symbols were used to ensure the Qur'an was read aloud without mistakes. Why did I choose this topic? The primary reason I chose this topic is because I have always been interested in other cultures, and the way they speak and write. There is little equivalence between Arabic alphabet and English alphabet, but the following slides are a rough translation between them. Note that there can be many different ways of writing these Arabic symbols. Alif - Short A, E, or U Baa -B Thaa -TH sound (voiced), as in “thick” Haa - H (soft h sound) Daal - D Thaal – TH sound (voiceless) as in “the” Raa – R Zaa – Z Seen – S Sheen - Sh sound Saad – S (but pronounced differently than the seen, the mouth is more rounded) Daod – D Ta- T Thaw – Similar to Th sound (but the mouth is more rounded) Faa – F Qaaf – Q Kaf – K Laam – L Meem – M Noon – N Ha – H Waw- W
Ya- Y And also note, not all letters are listed, only the ones with english equivalents. Arabic Alphabet Pronunciation Practice Full Alphabet Here is an example of how one letter can make many different sounds just by adding dots and lines to the already existing base. In Conclusion The Arabic alphabet is very diverse, and a big part of middle eastern culture and history. Understanding their language is a step to understanding their culture, and a step towards bridging the gap between the Middle East and the U.S. How to Write the Letter 'Sheen' http://arabic.linguistics.illinois.edu/online-materials/alphabet/sheen/ Bibliography "Alif." gomideast.com. gomideast.com, 20010. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.gomideast.com/arabic/alphabet/letters/alif.html>.
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"This is an Arabic B." Baa#. Jordi Mas Trullenque., 2001. Web. 12 Apr. 2008. <http://www.telefonica.net/web2/jmtru/arabe/b.en.html>.
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Arabic.n.d.Web.23 May 2013.<http://www.omniglot.com/writing/arabic.htm>.
Arabic Calligraphy: The Arabic Alphabet.n.d.Web.21 May 2013.<http://www.al-bab.com/arab/visual/calligraphy.htm>.
Arabic Languages.n.d.Web.27 May 2013.<http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/society/A0804477.html>