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Transcript of Art Gallery
Art Gallery of the Renaissance
This presentation is about art in the Renaissance.
It is made by Isabel Wiebers and Anouk Hulskes.
This famous painting is called the Mona Lisa. The "Mona Lisa" is part of the permanent collection of the Louvre Museum in Paris.
High Renaissance was led by three artists: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael. The careers of Leonardo and Raphael peaked and concluded in the High Renaissance. Michelangelo's career was during the High Renaissance and continued into the Late Renaissance. Renaissance painters wanted that art showed the beauty and the cruelty of life.
Real renaissance architecture was first seen in Italy.
It was a development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman.
Buildings were no longer flat, but also build on pillars.
Important buildings are the Dome in Rome and the Dome in Florence.
The many remains of antiquity were a source of inspiration for architects all over the world.
It was the period between 1480 and 1560 AD.
Renaissance means "the rebirth of classical antiquity". It shows new art with great respect for the 'old' masters.
In this time there was the rise of a new layer in society "the Bourgeoisie."
The church got less power and a less important role in that society.
The Renaissance style of painting, sculpture and decorative arts started in Italy in the late 14th century
It reached its top in the late 15th and the early 16th century with the works of the Italian masters Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.
The motto during the Renaissance was: "To have what you wanted to have and to be who you wanted to be."
William Shakespeare was a playwright and a poet who lived between 1564 and 1616 AD.
Shakespeare wrote many famous plays like:
A midsummer night's dream
Romeo and Juliet
Three Kings Night
William Shakespeare: a famous writer
The sculptures in the Renaissance were realistic and often very big.
Sometimes they were made of marble or bronze.
A famous masterpiece is "David". This was made by Michelangelo. It was the first freestanding nude male sculpture.
The original marble statue stands in the Accademia art gallery in Florence and a replica now stands in it's original location at the Piazza della Signoria.
It was painted by Leonardo da Vinci
between 1503 and 1507 AD
1336 AD: The important poet Petrarca visits Rome. His interest in the writings of Old Rome formed the beginning of the Renaissance.
1353 AD: Boccaccio's book with stories "The Decamarone" was publiced.
1440 AD: The Germans invented printing, so it was possible to print books and distribute them. More people began to read.
1509 AD: Erasmus wrote "Praise of Folly".
1513 AD: Machiavelli wrote "The Prince". A book with rules about leaderschip and politics.
Queen Elizabeth of England became a legend. She was very important for the musicians and writers in her country. The Renaissance was booming. She became friends with Sir Philip Sidney. He was a true example of the Renaissance way of life. William Shakespeare wrote the play "Three Kings Night" to honor his life after Sir Philip died.
The outstanding Renaissance figure of this "second group" was the German artist Albrecht Dürer, whose career lay mainly in the High Renaissance period. Dürer is often considered the greatest German painter, the greatest Renaissance artist of Northern Europe and the greatest printmaker of all time.
The leading regions of Western painting during the Renaissance were Italy and the Low Countries. Later also Germany and France consisted in this group.
Benvenuto Cellini was influenced by Michelangelo's sculptures.
His bonze statue "Perseus With the Head of Medusa" stands in The Loggia dei Lanzi gallery in Florence.
It was made between 1545 and 1554 AD.
Michelozzo designed a palace for Cosimo, a rich banker with political influence in Florence.
The Dome and the San Lozenzo church in Florence were designed by Brunelleschi