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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT-PART 2
Transcript of HUMAN DEVELOPMENT-PART 2
Piaget stressed the role of maturation in cognitive development; Vygotsky focused on the impact of sociocultural.
Standards for Adult Status in N. America
1. Taking responsibility for one's self.
2. Making independent decisions.
3. Becoming financially independent.
Kohlberg's Moral Dilemma- Levels
1. Preconventional - Moral Thinking guided by consequences of actions - punishment, reward, favors.
2. Conventional - Based on a desire to please others or to follow rules and values.
3. Post Conventional - Guided by self - chosen ethical principals that are universal => justice, dignity, equality.
Erikson's 8 Psychosocial Stages
1. Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt
3. Initiative vs. Guilt
4. Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
8. Integrity vs. Despair
Well Being During Adulthood
1. Self Acceptance
2. Positive Relations with Others
3. Autonomy (Personal Freedom)
4. Environmental Mastery
5. A purpose in life
6. Continued Personal Growth.
Keys to Successful Aging (DeLeon, Vaillant)
1. Optimism, Hope, an Interest in the Future.
2. Gratitude & Forgiveness - Focus on what is good in life.
4. Connection with Others - an ability to reach out, to give and receive social support.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT-PART 2
STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT
Personal Factors (Wealth, Education, Marriage, Religion, Age, Sex, Work, Personality). How are they related to Happiness? Overall, the way events are perceived, interpreted and managed is as important as the events themselves.
Kristi Dyer - Words of Advice in Being with a Dying Person:
1. Be Yourself
2. Be a Listener
3. Be respectful
4. Be aware of feelings and nonverbal cues
5. Be comfortable with silence
6. Be genuine
7. Most of all ...BE THERE
KOHLBERG’S MORAL DILEMMA
In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her.
It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had
recently discovered. The drug was expensive to make, but the
druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $400 for the radium and charged $4,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money and tried every legal means, but he could only get together about $2,000, which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying, and asked him to sell it cheaper
or let him pay later. But the druggist said, "No, I discovered the
drug and I'm going to make money from it." So, having tried every
legal means, Heinz gets desperate and considers breaking into
the man's store to steal the drug for his wife.
Elizabeth Kubler Ross - Emotional Reactions to Impending Death:
Denial & Isolation
Martin Shkreli - CNBC- 2.4.16
Zone of Proximal Development HHuerta OTR
8 stages - Erik Erikson wmv shauni
Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development shruthivaidy via Anna Ainsworth
INFORMATION PROCESSING THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT
The information -processing theory of development focuses on how individuals encode information, manipulate it, monitor it, and create strategies for handling it.