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Operation Mincemeat: the Man Who Never Was
Transcript of Operation Mincemeat: the Man Who Never Was
President: Franklin Delano Roosevelt
48 States in the Union
End of the Great Depression
Hitler and Mussolini in power Sardinia Body Found by Fisherman Location of Fake Invasion Greece Location of Fake Invasion Sicily Actual Invasion Sight North Africa Origin of Operation Husky Background Operation Mincemeat was a key part of Operation Husky - the Allied invasion of Sicily
Mistakes and previously suggested ideas brought forth the final plan Operation Husky Allied Invasion of Italy
Massive airborne and seaborne maneuvers
Six weeks of land combat
July 9, 1943 - August 17, 1943 Spies that died on enemy territory were hot commodity, however deep rooted suspicion caused many imported documents to be labeled as false. Masterminds Charles Cholmondeley and Ewan Montagu concocted the original plan,.
-They both had background in espionage
-Churchill described them as "corkscrew minds"
-They worked closely with the Twenty Committee, an organization in charge of double agents working with the Allies William Martin The Body Finding A Body Basic Plan -A body would have and "accident" and the Spanish would find it.
-Important documents would fall into the "wrong" hands.
-The Germans would believe in a false invasion. *The Twenty Committee wanted a drowned male with hypothermia or pneumonia
*They worked with a coroner named Sir Bentley Purchase to acquire a cadaver.
*A pathologist helped identify a proper cause of death
*They were unable to find the type of body they wanted, so they settled for a man who died from rat poisoning.
*No family could be found, so the Twenty Committee never got express permission to use the body Making an Identity *This process focused almost completely on very small details*
William Martin was created
He was a Captain (acting Major) in the Royal Marines, born in Cardiff in 1907
He was recently engaged to "Pam"
He was a practicing Roman Catholic
He tended to be a little careless On the Body 1 Picture of Pam
2 Love letters
1 Jeweler's bill
1 Pair woolen underwear
1 Letter from father
1 Bill from overdraft
1 Book of stamps
1 Silver Cross
1 Medallion of St Christopher
1 Pencil stub
1 Set of keys
1 Used bus ticket
2 Theater tickets
1 Bill for four nights lodging
1 Receipt for new shirt
1 Replacement for lost ID Important Documents There were two personal letters each containing vital information.
~The first was for the commander of the main army in North Africa from the Vice President of Imperial General Staff.
~The second was for the Allied Naval Commander of the Mediterranean.
Together the letters explained two invasions: Greece and Sardinia
The letters were placed in a briefcase that was attached to his belt. Off the Coast of Spain, Atlantic Ocean Body dropped from Seraph Execution of Operation Mincemeat Major Martin was placed inside of a canister labeled Optical Instruments on a Submarine named Seraph
April 30- 4:30- Canister deployed under guise of being a meteorological device.
Message sent out "MINCEMEAT completed" April 30 - 9:30 - Major Martin found by local fisherman
Body taken to Huelva by military
German intelligence agent gave body to British Vice Consul
May 2 - Major Martin buried with full military honors
A post mortem examination concluded Martin died from drowning - no autopsy was performed
The Spanish authorities lost the briefcase June 4 Obituary The briefcase was found by fascist agents in Spain
They extracted the documents from the envelopes and copied them
The copies were given to authorities in Berlin
Briefcase was returned to the Allied agents
Message to US "Mincemeat swallowed whole" Berlin, Germany "Mincemeat swallowed whole" Hitler convinced of fake invasion
German report gave wrong date for crash Reinforcements sent to Sardinia Troops were rerouted from Sicily
Tank divisions came from France and the Eastern Front
The Allies stationed smaller groups in Greece July 9 - Operation Husky started
Germans remained convinced it was a diversion
Operation Husky was successful Lasting Impacts Right after D-Day a landing craft was discovered with documents that were not accepted as real because of Operation Mincemeat In 1944, important documents were accidentally left on a glider. The Germans did not believe that they were real and did the exact opposite of what they should have. Operation Mincemeat in Literature In 1953, Ewan Montagu wrote a book entitled The Man Who Never Was
In 1956, it was made into a film of the same title
Many smaller works have been based of Operation Mincemeat Coats, Steve. "‘Operation Mincemeat’: The Man Who Never Was." New York Times 14 May 2010, Arts sec.: 10. Print.
Lane, Megan. "Operation Mincemeat: How a Dead Tramp Fooled Hitler." BBC News. BBC, 12 Mar. 2010. Web. 31 Mar. 2013.
Macintyre, Ben. "Operation Mincemeat." BBC News. BBC, 2013. Web. 19 Mar. 2013
Macintyre, Ben. Operation Mincemeat: How a Dead Man and a Bizarre Plan Fooled the Nazis and Assured an Allied Victory. New York: Harmony, 2010. Print.
Montagu, Ewen. The man who never was. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. Print.
Murphy, Christopher J. "Operation Mincemeat." International History Review 18 July 2012: 409-410. Print.
Nutter, Thomas E. "Military History Online." Military History Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2013.
Wilson, Tracy. "Operation Mincemeat Part 1." Stuff You Missed In History Class, How Stuff Works. 2011. Podcast Bibliography