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James the II, an absolute monarch
Transcript of James the II, an absolute monarch
Map of English territories In 1687
James the II was only ruler of England for three years until he was overthrown by his daughter's husband, William of Orange. He fled when William led an army to London in what became known as "The Glorious Revolution".
It was called the Glorious Revolution because the people supported Williams overthrow of King James and they even joined his army when marching to London
This is a portrait of James the II of England as a child, painted by Cornelius Johnson
"Religious equality for all!"
Map of English territories in Britain In 1687
These were the territories that England and King James ruled over during the period of time shortly before the Glorious Revolution.
We chose this as James's slogan because as you will see in the following quote, James repeatedly promised religious equality (between protestants and Roman Catholics) and the preservation of the current state of the government and religion (protestant at that time), and attempted to make it Catholic and appointed many Catholics in government positions.
This is a portrait of James the II as an adult
James the II ruled as the King of England from 1685 to 1688
Quote from King James
"And I shall make it my endeavors to preserve this government both in Church and state as it is now by law established."
This quote was chosen because it contradicts James's action in which he attempted to change England to a catholic state.
James II claimed divine right to the throne.
During his reign, James put down two rebellions, one in southern England, one in Scotland.
The Glorious Revolution was supported by the Protestant church of England
In 1689, after being exiled, James went to Ireland where he raised an army with French support. He was defeated by William at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690. After that James lived the rest of his life in exile in France.
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"ENGLAND'S GLORIOUS REVOLUTION - Professor Wilkes - University of Georgia School of Law." ENGLAND'S GLORIOUS REVOLUTION - Professor Wilkes - University of Georgia School of Law. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
"James II." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
"James II of England." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Feb. 2014. Web. 27 Feb. 2014.
"King James II." King James II. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
Kenyon, John P. "James II (king of Great Britain)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2014.
King James the second was an absolute ruler because he controlled his religious impact on the country in ways such as dissolving parliament, attempting to create a line of catholic kings, and violating English law by appointing catholics to high ranking jobs in a protestant government.
1.He dissolved parliament for a bit when members objected to him trying to create a catholic bloodline for the throne.
2.That leads in to the fact that he broke the law by attempting to create a catholic bloodline when the government was protestant
3.A third way was that he appointed catholics to high ranking government positions instead of qualified non catholics already working in the government.