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Barbados

By Kendra & Kassidy
by

kendra deans

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Barbados

By Kassidy and Kendra Barbados Interesting Facts Kinship Patterns Barbados was first called Los Barbados, which means “bearded ones”. This is because of the fig trees, whose long aerial roots look like beards from afar. Barbadian people are often called Bajans, and about 93% of the population of African heritage. Around four percent of the people are Caucasian and the other approximately three percent are of mixed cultures. The official language is English, and Barbadians have very strong accents. Religion Location in the World In the Caribbean Archipelago, a small country known as Barbados lies in the east. Bridgetown, the capital, has latitude and longitude of 13.06°N 59.37°W. Barbados is northeast of Venezuela and east of the Windward Island chain, it is between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Barbados is in a great place, and isn’t too far away from Canada, to visit. Geographical Description The small island of Barbados is 430 kilometers squared; making it 2.5 times the size of Washington, D.C. the coastline is 97 kilometers in length and is surrounded by beautiful coral reefs and covered in white sand beaches. Elevations range from 180-240 meters. Barbados is made up of over 85% coral limestone ranging from 20-30 meters thick, covered by a thin layer of topsoil. The country is divided into Limestone Lands, which cover most of the island and divided into five sub-regions, and the Scotland district. The five sub-regions are the Flatlands, Uplands, Terraces and Cliffs, and Dome. The Flatlands in St. Lucy are a wide flat area stretching across the northern part of the island. The Uplands in Central Barbados stretch from Mt. Gilboa in St. Lucy to Chimbrazo in St. Joseph. The Uplands dip down in St. George valley which separates the limestone areas in the northeast from the lower limestone areas ridge at the south Christ Church area. Christ Church ridge is about 60-120 meters high. In west and south Barbados terraces and cliffs stretch from St. Lucy to Christ Church West. It forms a staircase effect. They valleys in St. George and St. Philip are wide lowlands that cross the widest section of Barbados, which separates the central uplands from the southern area. The Dome in Christ Church is a low dome-shaped upland that rises from the south to about 400 feet at Mt. Friendship in St. Michael. The Scotland district is on the eastern side of the island, and is erosion of the limestone cap, making the area made of clay, shale, and sandstone. Barbados’ soil is very fertile, and the sea around it is filled with rich marine life. There are several deep gullies, and a few rovers including the Constitution River in Bridgetown, Long Pond River and Bruce Vale River in St. Andrews, and Joe’s River in St. Joseph. http://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/images/2010/04/kites-4.jpg Barbadian people flying kites. Kite flying is a very popular activity in Barbados Barbadian children taking part in the traditional Crop Over Festival http://www.travelingwithmj.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Junior-Kadooment-at-Barbados-Crop-Over.jpg Barbados http://naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/images/barbados_world.gif In Barbados, household size ranges from just a single parent, to families with up to fifteen members. Larger family groups may be made up of uncles, aunts, grandparents, parents and children. Statistics show, that 45% of all Barbadian households include a married couple, while 35% of the average household, are occupied by a single parent and her or his child. Following old Barbadian tradition, men are expected to support the family, by working to provide income and support his family with a sustainable lifestyle. While the men work, women raise and educate their daughters. As a mother ages, her daughters will take over nearly all their responsibilities, such as chores and cooking. However, a man may only expect support from his children if he has kept up a relationship with the mother of his children. Currency
Currency in Barbados is measured in “Barbadian Dollars”. The main export partners are Tobago, Trinidad, Jamaica and the UK. There is a 12% unemployment rate, and 26.2% of Barbadians ages 15 to 24 are unemployed. Barbados is the third most developed country in the Western hemisphere, after the United States of America and Canada. Barbados sees over 500 000 visitors each year. Barbados has an Independent Parliamentary Democracy. Its legal system was founded in the British common law, and has the third oldest Parliamentary in the Commonwealth. The motto of the Bajans is “Pride and Industry.” People 18 years of age and older are eligible to vote, and women could start voting in 1950. Its Supreme Court is of the United Kingdom and the island has a small coastguard and the Barbados defence Force. The Queen of England is the Head of State. More than 95% of all Barbadians are considered to be Christian. The numbers of people who do not practice Christianity are a very small group. There are approximately 4000 Muslim families in all of Barbados, most of which have emigrated from other countries. Other religious groups include Rastafarians, Hindus, Buddhists and Catholics. Barbados is a place that is very spiritually vibrant for most people, as the majority of families and schools start off their day with a prayer. Education Traditionally, Barbadian women were expected to educate their own children. But traditions have changed. Currently, education is free to all Barbadian children who fall in the ages of 5 to 16. At all schools, attendance is enforced in a very strict manner. Barbados also has one University; University of the West Indies (UWI). UWI offers full degrees in physical, biological, and social sciences, humanities, law and medicine. The cost of tuition is covered for all students, by the government of Barbados. There are also 71 primary public schools, 20 private schools, 23 high schools and The Barbados Community College. Artistic Patterns Bajans are very artistic people. From murals to live music, art can be found all over the island. For many artists, murals are a very common art form. Reflecting their strong African influences, artists create many paintings, murals, sculptures, and crafts such as pottery and jewelry. Barbados has some well-known authors, including essay writer John Wickham, novel author George Lamming (who wrote In the Castles of My Skin) and poet Edward Kamau Braithwaite, who won the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1994. Barbados is also home to the very popular singer, Rihanna. Influenced by the neighboring islands of Trinidad and Jamaica, reggae, steel, and calypso music is popular for Barbadians. The tuk band is an indigenous musical tradition which provides beats for all major celebrations. The tuk band is made up of penny-whistles, snare drums, and base drums. Barbadian history goes all the way back to the year 1200 AD, when the first recorded inhabitants were the Arawak Indians. Barbados was later found in 1625, uninhabited by English sailors who claimed the island. By 1640, the English began planting massive fields, producing large amounts of Sugarcane. African slaves were shipped in, to keep up with the demand for labor to the growing sugarcane industry. Barbados gained independence on November 30th 1966. History Barbadians enjoy a large variety of traditional, delicious food that is quite different from Canadian food. Coo Coo, a blend of cornmeal and Okra, along with Flying Fish, are the national dishes of Barbados. Barbadian meals usually emphasize foods like fish, chicken, Okra, and rice. Popular fruits in Barbados include papaya, mangos, guavas, bananas and oranges, which all grow natively to the land. On special occasions a meal of spicy mashed potato, onions, peppers, cucumbers and lime stuffed in a pig stomach along with a boiled pigs head is served. A dish that is traditionally served on Christmas Day in Barbados is a dish called “Jug”. Jug is made up of pigeon meat that is prepared into a stew along with peas, corn, and beef. Food A day in the life of a Barbadian would be filled with many different, exotic activities. In their free time, Barbadians partake in sports such as Cricket, bowling, road tennis, polo, kayaking and surfing.
Also, some hobbies that are very popular are fishing, diving and kite-flying. Recreation & Leisure Barbados would be a delightful place to visit. It’s full of art, culture, amazing experiences, and good times. There are so many things to do there; you can visit the Welchman Hall Gully, experience marine life from the Atlantis submarines, and even walk the plank. In conclusion... PART II
Barbadians moved to Canada mostly for work. They immigrated between 1800 and 1920 as workers for the Cape Breton and Sydney mines. These mines are located in Nova Scotia.
After 1920 there were barely any immigrants from the Caribbean to Canada until 1973.
When they arrived in Canada, Barbadians would probably find it a lot colder than it was in Barbados. Canada has five times the forest area of Barbados. In Canada there are far less people per square kilometer. Barbados is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, in 2010 the approximate population was 288 000. In 1997 there were about 619 people per kilometer squared. 22% of the people are aged 0-14 years old, 69% are aged 15-64 years, and 9% are over 65. The life expectancy for a female is 80 years, 73 for a male.
The flag of Barbados is blue and gold. The blue stands for the sea and sky, while the gold represents the beaches. The trident in the center of the flag is of the mythical sea god, Neptune.
This small island is known as “the land of the flying fish” because of its immense amount of flying fish that live in the surrounding waters, making the flying fish the national symbol. The national flower is the “Pride of Barbados” or caesalpinia pulcherrima.
The average year-round temperature is 29°C with June through October being the rainy season. Barbados is the only island in the Caribbean that has daily flights to the USA, Canada, and England. Bajans are known to be polite and civil. Barbados is a place of many resources. The countries chief exports are sugar cane, molasses, rum, chemicals, electronic components, light manufacturing, and clothing. They also produce petroleum, fish, natural gas, and tobacco. The economy is very reliant on their sugarcane industry. Sugarcane produces sugar. It was introduced to Barbados in 1642 by the Dutch and has since become a huge part of Barbadian history. Resources & Industry Barbados – Words Cited
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http://bit.ly/1240g3R ^ Barbadian Fig Tree, which inspired Barbados’ name. http://bit.ly/WBtML4 http://bit.ly/1240g3R ^Barbadian Flag ^ Flying Fish
http://bit.ly/IztKgq By: Kassidy & Kendra Currency in Barbados
http://bit.ly/Xtmy7y Government http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3430/3383179717_86d82845d9_m.jpg Bajan Mural JUG http://bit.ly/YR7r99 Coo Coo http://coursehorse.com/modules/course/images/trinisoul/main/taste-of-barbad_1028_2074_2.jpg Map of Barbados
http://www.ezilon.com/maps/north-america/barbados-maps.html Sugar Cane
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/Sugar_Cane.jpg
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