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Transcript of PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES
disagreed with Freud on analysis of women and sexual instincts
Viewed anxiety as a powerful motivating force
Environmental and social factors important seen as being as important as unconscious sexual conflicts
-Irrational strategies for coping with emotional problems
Trust vs. mistrust
Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
Initiative vs. guilt
Industry vs. inferiority
Identity vs. role confusion
Intimacy vs. isolation
Generativity vs. stagnation
Ego integrity vs. despair
Eight Stages of Personality Development
- Considered the father of humanistic psychology from developing the humanistic personality theory, which asserts the fundamental goodness of people and their thriving towards higher levels of functioning.
- Contradicted Freud's psychological views unlike most psychologists who rooted from them.
The effort of a person to overcome personal weaknesses.
- Overcompensation: Characterized by a superiority goal, leads to striving for power, dominance, self-esteem, and self-devaluation.
- Undercompensation: Includes a demand for help, leads to a lack of courage and a fear for life
The fixation on feelings of personal inferiority that results in emotional and social paralysis.
- Primary inferiority feeling: Rooted from a child's original feeling of helplessness, incompetence, weakness, and dependency.
- Secondary inferiority feeling: When a goal invented to relieve an original inferiority feeling is not reached and feelings of depression are prompted (again)
Personality reflects characteristic behavior, we are not interested in someones best behavior. We are interested in typical beahvior.
Psychologist use 4 basic rules to measure personality.
The personal interview
Direct observation of behavior
Born July 26, 1875 in Kesswil, Switzerland
Worked with Sigmund Freud, Jung was his protege
That change when Jung started to distance himself from some of Freud psychology concepts like the Freudian theory.
Carl Jung is known for his work about on the unconscious.
The two unconscious theories that Carl Jung came up with are the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious.
Carl Jung also created a type of psychology known as analytical psychology
Also came up with concepts of introversion and extraversion which is dividing people into two separate groups based on the type of attitude they have towards the world around them.
Believed that the process of individuation was required for a person to become whole and fully developed as a human.
Carl Jung wrote books such as Studies in Word and the Red Book.
Carl Jung contributions to psychology were due to the concepts of introversions and extraversion, which helped contributed to personality psychology and psychotherapy.
-The part of the unconscious mind containing an individuals thoughts and feelings
-The part of the unconscious that is inherited and common to all members of a species
Thought forms common to all human beings, stored in the collective unconscious
Persona- Our public self, the mask we wear to represent ourselves to other.
Two types of personalities:
Introvert- People who usually focus on their own thoughts and feelings
Extravert- people who usually focus on social life and external world instead of on their internal experience