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Book Report: Things Fall Apart - Chinua Achebe

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by

Cleo Flor Hellersberg

on 22 May 2016

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Transcript of Book Report: Things Fall Apart - Chinua Achebe

Structure
Basic information
Historical context
setting
Chinua Achebe
Major themes/events
main characters
Analysis
writing style
Things Fall Apart
Quotes
Conclusion
Book Report by Cleo Hellersberg:
Things Fall Apart - Chinua Achebe

Historical contexts
1890s
: time it took place
Major themes
Igbo society complexity

struggle between change and tradition

masculinity/femininity

colonialism
Thank you for your attention.
Any questions?

Analysis
Conclusion
Negative points:
Basic information
Title:
Things Fall Apart
Author:
Chinua Achebe
Type of work:
fictional novel
Genre:
postcolonial critique; tragedy
Language:
English
1st Anchor Books Edition (209 pages)
Sources
images
:
http://nationalmirroronline.net/new/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/chinua-achebe1.jpg (09.04.16;16:54)

http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/71qLnZuj5SL.jpg (23.03.16;14:34)

http://study.com/cimages/multimages/16/igboimage.png (09.04.16;17:01)

https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/19/41/45/194145db43b18468f10ea3c978339643.jpg (09.04.16;18:21)

http://brittlepaper.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Chiurai.jpg (09.0416;18:25)

https://litflick.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/reading-gaol.jpg (09.04.16;18:29)

https://clareowensthingsfallapart.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/man.jpg (09.04.16;18:31)
1959
: time it was written
1930
: Achebe was born
Albert Chinuamaluga Achebe
Born in Nigeria in 1930
Traditional Igbo family
exception: father converted to Christianity

->
"The crossroads of culture,"
- C.A.
1890s
Colonization of Africa

Berlin Conference of 1885
Three Cs
:
- commerce
- Christianity
- civilization

No slavery ->
palm oil
Igboland
rich in palm trees
non-Christians
-> perfect to put three Cs in practice

claimed by British Empire
1958/1959
Africa: process of
decolonization

What should Africa's future look like?
Okonkwo defeats Amalinze the Cat
Okonkwo breaks the Week of Peace
Ikemefuna's tragic fate
Okonkwo in exile
Nwoye converts to Christianity
Okonkwo's suicide
Sources
images
:
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-PBTEg08FEGM/UE9BMruDEuI/AAAAAAAAACg/iKk27EuFqi0/s1600/exile-tfa.jpg (09.04.16;18:36)

http://www.jackpicone.com/data/photos/40_1jackpicone_livebooks_lr_13.jpg (09.04.16;18:43)

http://www.shmoop.com/things-fall-apart/okonkwo.html (09.04.16;18:44)

http://www.shmoop.com/things-fall-apart/ikemefuna.html (09.04.16;18:49)

http://www.shmoop.com/things-fall-apart/unoka.html (09.04.16;18:53)

http://www.shmoop.com/things-fall-apart/nwoye.html (09.04.16;19:02)
Things Fall Apart
Positive points:
Sources
images
:
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/t/things-fall-apart/character-map (09.04.16;19:04)

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-9jXMom9idbE/T56O6ooIJUI/AAAAAAAAALM/YsRqAkPu9bQ/s1600/TheFuturebyWak.jpg (09.04.16;19:06)

http://www.literaryworlds.wmich.edu/umuofia/ (01.05.16;08:25)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinua_Achebe#/media/File:Nigeria_linguistical_map_1979.svg (01.05.16;08:29)

https://mapcollection.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/colonialafrica.jpg (01.05.16;08:47)
Igbo people
opening paragraph
introduction to: order, belief, competition, struggle, stories passed down by elders
importance of tradition and respect
"rules his household with a heavy hand"
fear of femininity = weakness
"He was afraid of
being thought weak
."
Ikemefuna was killed by Okonkwo himself
killing a clansmember = crime
"female ocho"
= female murder
Proverb
:
"As the elders said, if one finger brought oil it soiled the others."
Okonkwo tries to control his son with violence
--> fails
"Okonkwo's eyes were opened and he saw the whole matter clearly. Living fire begets cold, impotent ash."
Important quote
Okonkwo's eyes did not actually get opened!
Okonkwo beheads one of the messengers
"He knew that Umuofia would not go to war. He knew because they had let the other messengers escape."
things actually fall apart
Quotes by the District Commissioner
"The pacification of the primitives of the lower Niger"
Final moments
loss of humanity

failure
"to see human beings as human beings"

NOT just a paragraph
writing style
influential
imperfect character
honest
more than just good vs. evil
writing style

many repititions

hard to understand (structure)
Final quote
"Igbo people say, if you want to see it well, you must not stand in one place."
- Chinua Achebe
"climb into [other people's] skin"
- Harper Lee (To Kill A Mockingbird)
"The Danger of a Single Story"
- Chimamanda Adichie
Sources
videos
:
https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story?language=de (30.04.16;18:36)

(30.04.16;08:33)
Map of Nigeria
Colonial Africa
message:
"see human beings as human beings"
Writing style
native language or language of former colonizer?
social purpose
Achebe incorporates Igbo words, speech rhythms, methaphors and proverbs
outsiders can finally relate
Sources
quotes
:
book: Things Fall Apart - Chinua Achebe

https://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/8051.Chinua_Achebe (01.05.16;09:54)

http://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/1720/the-art-of-fiction-no-139-chinua-achebe (01.05.16;10:15)

information about the historical context
:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinua_Achebe (01.05.16;09:56)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonisation_of_Africa (01.05.16;10:00)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/scramble_for_africa_article_01.shtml (01.05.16;10:01)
Achebe's intention
to show pre-colonial Igboland & colonial Igboland
"retell the story of my encounter with Europe in a way acceptable to me"
- C.A.
Quote
"Okonkwo was ruled by one passion - to hate everything that his father Unoka had loved. One of those things was gentleness and another was idleness."
farming
village
families

"in the many years in which he had toiled to bring civilization to different parts of Africa."
"Perhaps not a chapter, but a reasonable paragraph."
Characters map
Full transcript