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Auditory processing disorder

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Ashley Stack

on 24 March 2011

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Transcript of Auditory processing disorder

What is Auditory Processing Disorder? A disorder that interferes with an individuals ability to analyze or make sense of information taken in through the ears. People with this disorder are not deaf or hard of hearing! APD affects how the information is interpreted by the brain. Area's of Difficulty Phonological Awareness Auditory Discrimination Auditory Memory Auditory Sequencing Auditory Blending
People with APD may have a hard time distinguishing sounds they should be listening to from background noise.

For example, if someone is speaking in an environment with additional noise in the background, the listener may not be able to distinguish the sounds they should be listening to from the sounds they should ignore. What should the brain be doing? Our brains take in sound waves, change them to electrical energy and then interpret the sound to something meaningful. Either the processing of sound or the interpretation of sound gets "confused" once it reaches the brian. Difficulty in distinguishing similar sounds.
"chair" and "hair"

This skill is needed in learning to read and may cause delays or difficulties in reading development. People with APD may experience problems remembering the order of words or numbers that have been spoken.
This may also cause problems in remembering the order or sequence of oral directions or instructions and changing the sequence of a list. Difficulty in Noisy Environments Treatment There is a breakdown in the area of processing information which prevents accurate comprehension and recall. http://www.southeastpsych.com/Staff/Morganstein/audproc510.pdf http://www.ida-umb.org/userfiles/file/FinalAPDSSHandout.pdf Auditory Processing Disorder is a nuerological defect that affects how the brain processes spoken language.

This makes it difficult for the child to process verbal instructions or even to filter out background noises.
Have trouble paying attention
Have trouble remembering information given orally
Have problems carrying out multistep directions
Have poor listening skills
Need more time to process information

APD is a misunderstood problem because many of these symptoms also appear in other conditions
Learning disabilities
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Depression Unable to recognize or isolate the individual sounds in a word, recognize similatities between words, or identify the number of sounds in a word. Unable to store and recall information given verbally. The child may not be able to follow verbal instructions Unable to put together phonemes to form words.
"C" "A" "T" Attention Processing Comprehension Memory Process of Learning There is no treatment for APD, only ways to help minimize the symptoms Helps problems functioning in noisy classrooms
Slow processing speed
Some difficulties with language perception
Poor working memory Auditory Integration Training

AIT uses a ten-day, twenty half-hour program of modulated music, individually filtered for each person’s sound sensitivities, to accomplish a stimulation of the auditory system. Auditory Trainers

Used to help focus attention on a speaker by reducing the interference of background noise. Often used in classrooms, the teacher wears a microphone to transmit the sound to the child wearing the headset.
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