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Transcript of Module 1
History of Fashion
September 21, 2012
Professor Varga Human Evolution and Prehistoric Dress Body Modifications Body Art Module 1 Dress Motivations Protection Utility Seduction Magic0-Religious or Devotional Personal Expression (Ego, Vanity) Group Identification Status or Hierarchy Arouse Emotion Modesty Communicate with Symbols Wilford, John Noble. "With Science, New Portrait of the Cave Artist." The New York Times. The New York Times, 15 June 2012. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. Hall, Stephen S., and Kahzuhiko Sano. "Last Hours of the Iceman." Iceman. National Geographic Magazine, July 2007. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. Hall, Stephen S."Last Hours of the Iceman." Iceman. National Geographic Magazine, July 2007. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. Ötzi the Iceman This first wall painting by who scientists believe were the Neanderthals in the Stone Age shows painted hand prints on the wall. This shows us our ancestors were once here experimenting with art forms and using a media other than language to communicate. By finding paintings of hand prints and other things, like animals and humans, it gives us a primary source from thousands of years ago and we can learn more about their culture and surroundings. Strzemien, Anya. "Lady Gaga's Meat Dress: Offensive Or Awesome?" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 13 Sept. 2010. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. This motivation is intended to create a response, whether it be negative or positive. Lady Gaga, in this infamous meat dress surely aroused emotion their debut at the VMAs. The dress made by Franc Fernandez with all natural meat, sought to be fashion statement, and safe to say was frowned upon by most people. People were either outraged she would make such a bold and offensive choice, and others found it to be incredibly original. Either way, evoking incredible amounts of emotion and publicity, the dress will never be forgotten. Rosen, Christopher. "Channing Tatum: 'Magic Mike 2' Won't Happen For A While." The Huffington Post. Warner Bros, 17 Sept. 2012. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. This motivation is used to attract a mate of the opposite sex by using various and creative ways of accentuating or covering parts of the body. In this picture Channing Tatum plays "Magic Mike," a stripper, and for some reason his shirtless body with incredibly large and tone muscles are extremely attractive to women now-a-days. Years ago, this might not have been the case and that is due to shifting erogenous zones. Rinaldi, Laura. "Sam's Haircut" 2012. JPG file. Eisenbaum, Sam. "Body Art: Kissing Fishes." 2011. JPG file. Communicating through symbols is a very effective dress motivation, it shows what and who you are simply through a symbol like a graduation cap or logo, just like the Mets hat and shirt I'm wearing in the photo. This simple logo affiliates me with the larger group of Mets fans around the world. This is one of the first dress motivations our early ancestors probably used, they needed to adapt to changing weather conditions. To survive they would have to dress in ways that would protect them, just like Paul in the picture wearing a rain jacket on a fishing boat to protect him from the rain and water. This dress is worn to show your affiliation with a group. 7 other girls and I are wearing our matching cheerleading outfits which means we are part of a team, and simultaneously meaning we are part of a school. By doing so, enemy teams can see we work together and against them, just like rival tribes did years ago. Bank, Richard D. (2001). The Everything Judaism Book: A Complete Primer to the Jewish Faith- From Holidays to Traditions and Culture. Adams Media Corporation. People who use this dress are motivated by religious beliefs and what they deem to be appropriate in their devotion to God. Notice in this picture of Orthodox Jewish women, their heads are covered and their dresses are floor length. Different garments represent what group you belong to and the extents of which you are willing to sacrifice for the sake of your religion. In this picture, a high ranking gang member is shown with multiple tattoos, expressing that he is of high power. Also as a secondary motivation the tattoos are used to arouse fear and show he is affiliated with this group, the MS-13's. Tattoos are used in many cultures to show power and status. Foster, Tom. "'Sin Nombre' Unmasks Mexican Gang Culture." CNN. CNN News, 19 Aug. 2009. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. Stafford, Melanie. "Pierson Seniors: Cheerleaders 2012." 2011. JPG file. Rinaldi, Laura. "Fishing Trip: Honors Marine Bio." 2011. JPG file. Pepper, Jeremy. "Mets 'No Hitter': AP Stat Trip." 2012. JPG file. This is dress that boosts your ego and feeds into your personal style and tastes. What is so interesting about fashion is that it is a way to express yourself without words. In this picture Sam (left) gives off a very vain and narcissistic vibe with the sunglasses. These sunglasses can also be used as for utility to shade his eyes from the sun, but they are not used for that in this instance. They are used to show personal style. Here, Otzi is wearing a coat of some sort, probably made of some kind of animal hyde, you can see it probably goes down to his knees to keep him warm in the cold weather and it is wrapped with another piece of hyde to keep it close and tailored to his body. His alleged attacker is seen wearing a wrap of some sort, draped over him. Its made of various furs which would keep him very warm. You also notice his shirt underneath which is probably a coat, as Otzi is wearing, or some sort of simple T-shaped shirt that has been sewn together with a needle with an eye. Both men are wearing hats in this illustration depicting what Otzi might have been wearing at the time of his death. The hat was probably made of some sort of skinned animal, and used as a utility to protect the head and keep it warm. draped bifurcated coat t-shaped poncho This is a stone age tool found with Otzi's body. Used for skinning animal hydes and other chores also for killing predators. It was carried around in this woven case so that he could utilize it if something was approaching quickly and his hands could be free the rest of the time. Sano, Kahzuhiko. "Last Hours of the Iceman." Iceman. National Geographic Magazine, July 2007. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. In this picture Caroline is at a Pumpkin Patch and has her face painted to celebrate Halloween. The colors associated with Halloween are orange and black, which she is wearing. You can also see she is wearing decorative pumpkin earrings which would be a totem to represent the holiday. These are dress items that are used to make things more convienient for everyone. Things such as bags, belts, baby carriers, etc. In this picture all these boys are wearing backpacks at school to carry their books and lunches, so that they can have both hands free throughout the day. In ancient times our ancestors used this motivation to make living more efficient and easier. This dress shows how powerful you are in your society, people with more power will dress differently than people with a lower status. In this photo Barack Obama is pictured in a nice tailored suit with a n American flag pin which gives us the impression that he is of high power and part of politics. Galella, Ron, and Jason LaVeris. "Joan Rivers." Usmagazine.com. US Weekly, Aug. 2012. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. Joan Rivers, a famous comedian and television personality is a good example of using body modification because she has undergone plastic surgery numerous times. Her face implants and botox are used to make her appear younger than she actually is. This body modification is done by surgical methods, sometimes hormones are injected into the body to either make women and men look younger, make certain body parts larger or smaller or completely reassign someone's gender. Surgical Modifications were first used in trying to help wounded soldiers look less gruesome, and it has expanded greatly over recent decades. Souza, Pete. "September 2012: Photo of the Day." The White House. Barack Obama, Sept. 2012. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. Kelly, Gary, and University of Alberta. "Jane Austen Biography." Jane Austen Biography. Dictionary of Literary Biography, 1992. This motivation is to dress by covering certain parts of the body, especially erogenous zones. Many different cultures vary on what they consider to be appropriate and attractive. Modesty comes into play with women's clothing mostly and overtime what is "modest" has changed. In this illustration Jane Austen has her head and chest covered and that is what was fashionable and appropriate in her time period. Haircuts and hair dye are non permanent ways of expressing yourself and using color symbolism and totemism. In the picture of Sam's head, he shaved my name into it as a non permanent way to fend off other females from talking to him and to show that he is taken, in many ways I am the totem he is worshiping. In the picture of Olivia, she uses her hair as a means of seduction. By coloring her hair red, she gives off a fiery, sexy, single vibe. Rinaldi, Laura. "Red Hair Dye." 2012. JPG file. DiCostanzo, Carina. "Caroline at Pumpkin Town." 2011. JPG file. Rinaldi, Laura. "Sam with Sunglasses." 2011. JPG file. Freleng, Chelsea. "Rainy Day At Pierson." 2011. JPG file. Rinaldi, Laura. "Christine in Various Garments." 2012. JPG file. The Thai woman in the picture along with her ancestors and family believe that stretching a woman's neck with neck rings will make them more beautiful. It also is a symbol of infidelity , when women are unfaithful in these cultures, their neck rings will be removed. Women's necks are stretched over time and the bone and cartilage learns to shape itself according to how high the rings are. Picone, Jack. "Please Set Me Free." Marie Claire. Marie Claire Magazine, 14 Apr. 2008. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. Henna is a form of body art that has been used since the Bronze Age, it stains the body and comes off in a week or two. Henna is used primarily in India and has spread around the world for its interesting and intricate look. For many people different patterns have different meanings and that is what makes it so special. Bhongir, Sheela. "What India Hands to the World." Newgeography.com. Joel Kotkin and Praxis Strategy Group, 7 Mar. 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. Likewise, these two lovebirds have painted their faces, perhaps their motivation was just to be cute.