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Stereotypes of Homosexuality and Gender Roles

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Yvonne H

on 28 September 2014

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Transcript of Stereotypes of Homosexuality and Gender Roles

Summary
Gut Reactions
Distinctions
Systems
Relationship
Perspectives
Rhetorical Mode
Ideology
WINNER
Stereotypes on Homosexuality and Gender Roles
Dolly Adele, Evan Cuaresema, Tiffany Hong, Yvonne Hua, Digna Martinez, Ella Ngo
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"What Is a Homosexual?" by Andrew Sullivan
1. How do gender roles play an important part in our community/society today?
2. Do you support homosexuality in your community? Why or why not?
3. How does homosexuality affect society?
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
What about the work did you find shocking, ironic, profound, difficult to accept or generally disturbing?
Movies that associate with these assigned readings
Works Cited
"Bullying Statistics 2014." No Bullying Expert Advice On Cyber Bullying School Bullying.Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

"Ever Higher Society, Ever Harder to Ascend." The Economist. The Economist Newspaper, 01 Jan. 2005. Web.
18 Sept. 2014.

Goldberg, Matt. Photo of the film, Saved! Digital image. Matt's Top 10 Films of 2004. N.p., 26 Dec. 2005.
Web.22 Sept. 2014.

Greenberg, Tamara M. "Differences Between Men and Women."Psychology Today. Sussex Publishers, LLC, 16
Sept. 2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Herek, Gregory M. "Hating Gays: An Overview of Scientific Studies." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. Sept. 2014.

Hope, Christopher. Photo of Paul Theroux (Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian). Digital image. The
Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited or Its Affiliated Companies, 31 May 2012. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

"Map: Same-sex Marriage in the United States." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Masters, Coco. "Study: Why Girls Like Pink." Time. Time Inc., 20 Aug. 2007. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

McLeod, Saul. "Social Roles and Norms." Simply Psychology. 2008. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.

"Op-ed: What 'Straight-Acting' Really Means." Advocate.com. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Photo of Anna Quindlen. Digital image. NPR. NPR, 24 Apr. 2012. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

Photo of the film, Latter Days. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Sept. 2014. Web. 22 Sept.
2014.

Photo of the film, Motocrossed. Digital image. Motocrossed (2001) DVD Movie.
Web.22 Sept. 2014.

Quindlen, Anna. “Between the Sexes, a Great Divide.” The Norton Reader. 13th Edition. Linda Peterson. New
York: W.W. Norton, 2012. 174-176. Print.

Stossel, John. "Difference Between Boys and Girls." ABC News. ABC News Network, 14 Apr. 2014. Web. 18
Sept. 2014.

Stossel, John, and Gena Binkley. "Gay Stereotypes: Are They True?" ABC News. ABC News Network, 15 Sept.
2006. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Sullivan, Andrew. Photo of Andrew Sullivan (Photo credit: Trey Ratcliffe). Digital mage. The Atlantic. Atlantic
Media Company, 01 Nov. 2008. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.

Sullivan, Andrew. “What is a Homosexual?.” The Norton Reader. 13th Edition. Linda Peterson. New York: W.W.
Norton. 2012. 195-199. Print.

"A Survey of LGBT Americans: Attitudes, Experiences and Values in Changing Times."Pew Research Centers
Social Demographic Trends Project RSS. N.p., 13 June 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.

Theroux, Paul. “Being a Man.” The Norton Reader. 13th Edition. Linda Peterson. New York: W.W Norton, 2012.
176-179. Print.

"What Is Gender Equality?" International Planned Parenthood Federation. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen is an essay that appeared in the New York Times in the "Hers" column on March 24, 1988. This piece establishes a metaphor of the fine line between gender and the awkward middle school dances where the division is most evident. Quiendlen begins with a popular memory showcasing young adolescents knowledge of the proximity of where their side of comfort was located. The male gender were always on the opposite side of girls as this ultimately put the emphasis on the "Great Divide" of the dance floor. In this article, Quindlen provides personal experience to illustrate the vast distinguishment between genders as if men and women were "different species" (Quindlen 174). However, Quindlen also states that men and woman are "fundamentally alike" by arguing that women are permitted and welcomed to a variety of positions and roles that are only occupied by men (Quindlen 174). Due to this, Quindlen expresses the idea of not so much being stereotyped as a typical "man or woman" role, but more or less the ability for the stereotypical "man or woman" to think outside the box.
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
Theroux elaborates on the concept of manhood through a personal experience of how men are perceived in American society and why he is against feminism. He bluntly states how "the whole idea of manhood in America is pitiful" as it presents a belief that manliness should always be highlighted in Western culture (Theroux 176). Theroux argues how society defined masculinity through themes of alcohol, violence, and sports. Society emphasized the ideas to where many believe that men are not suppose to be writers and artistic, but be "jocks" or be into "sports" where masculinity is favored (Theroux 177). He states that woman should not pursue feminist values as men have it "just as bad" as women (Theroux 179). The insecurity of not being up to standard is not privileged as many feminist believe masculinity is.

In this excerpt, Sullivan thoroughly addresses the relationship between homosexuality, the norms of acceptance, realistically illustrate how homosexuals are discriminated upon by heterosexuals through society. In addition, he indepthly details how homosexual mask out their sexuality through adolescence by pursuing a persona such as sport or drama to fit in as they are scared that they won't be "accepted" (Sullivan 196). Doing so, he emphasizes the effects of "social norms" on homosexuals who cannot openly express themselves as they do not want to feel excommunicated amongst peers and family (McLeod). By different stereotypes of high school personas -- jocks who "paradoxically" went into sports seeking respect and acceptance knowing that all they will face is rejection; The quiet reserved nerds who were respected for their intelligence and had no time to be "absorbed by girls"; the isolated introvert, and the flamboyant diva who confidently wore make up and strutted around school (Sullivan 196). His stories answer how society suppresses adolescents into believing that coming out is wrong due to the upbringings of social expectations.
"At first, the group never really put much thought into the differences between men and women other than gender, which ultimately kept us at a divide."
"Society has taught adolescents growing up on how to behave “like a girl” or “like a boy.” When Quindlen stated early on how she had “always been a feminist, and [had] been one of the boys as well,” it gave the group a more confident feeling of why each gender should just try harder to accept our gender counterparts (Quindlen 174).
We could feel Theroux's anger toward “manliness” or how a man should act to be socially accepted through his hostile diction. He describe how being a man is “insulting and abusive” which underlines his personal perspectives are negative towards the ideology of masculinity (Theroux 176). "
"The group, overall felt captivated by Theroux’s bluntness, he explicitly states “fetishists are nearly always men; and their commonest fetish is a woman’s shoe” (Theroux 176). It shows that he was so disgusted in that quote when he stated that he could not read the sentence without be ashamed about men."
"He opened up our eyes to realize that society has a ridiculous description of what a man should be. We saw how a man in America may be oppressed by society’s expectation and agreed with why Theroux disapproves of feminism."
"Wow, he saw his first crush in the locking room while he was changing."
" It was humorous, which kept us interested into the reading. No one wants to read a passage that is too bland and serious, but we could not help but nod our heads in agreement as Sullivan provided anecdotes of the jock, the quiet nerd, the introvert and the flamboyant yet comfortable diva and how each persona all seemed to want one thing—acceptance."
"Sullivan successfully utilized a serious and humorous tone into the passage as he knew his audience’s crave for intimacy."
"I liked how Sullivan relates high school students who try to fit in with the people that will not mean that much to you in the next ten years."
Analyzed the perspective of both gender.
Only female writer of the three pieces.
Brought up family
Focused on division of gender rather than homosexuality
Gender roles
"I swear to God we are a different species" (Quindlen 174).

Candid tone while addressing society's conception of masculinity.
Attacks feminism and justifies his opposition by arguing that men had it "just as bad" (Theroux 177).

Jocks who “paradoxically” seek respect and acceptance in sports, yet rejection is clear
Quiet reserved nerds who are respected for their intelligence but do not have time to be “absorbed by girls” (Sullivan 196).
Isolated introvert
Flamboyant gay diva who has been accepted in school due to his confidence of wearing make-up freely.
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Between the Sexes, a Great Divide" by Anna Quindlen
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"Being a Man" by Paul Theroux
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
"What is a Homosexual" by Andrew Sullivan
Enforces a strong social standing of how society views the differences and similarities between men and women on certain perspectives (Quindlen 174).
Men and women are anatomically different, but holds the same beliefs and views.
In politics, there is no gender difference between a Republican and a Democrat or the ideology on how the government should be run.
Traditionally, men and women have their suited roles in society, thus the system of gender roles, but ideally, both genders have the ability to set aside differences when it comes to finding compliance.
The term “be a man” has its own meaning as it informs male figures to assume their mentally and emotionally tough role as:
The person who bring home the money.
To protect his family
Be strong, not weak.
While the women's role are to:
Stay at home and take care of the kids.
This later ties into politics where men hold the higher position in government, while women struggle to obtain a position in congress.
Economically, men make more money than women (Theroux 176).
Society also plays a huge role as it has a high impact on men and the ideology in which men should be more tough, stronger, and superior than women.
Emphasizes how the expectations of society is pressed upon the idea of homosexuality, so that individuals attribute certain ideas and make “generalizations about homosexuals” being different (Sullivan 198).
Cause the evolution of the concept, “homophobic,” which influences children and adolescents to discriminate during their development.
In fact, a studies have shown that those with homophobia tend to live “in areas where negative attitudes are the norm…[and] subscribe to a conservative religious ideology” (Herek).
Such aspects are constructed from America’s culture where traditional and pessimistic views are present in society.

Motocrossed! (2004)
Saved!
Latter Days (2008)
Only female racing in a male dominated sport disguised as a male.
Highlights social expectations of what a man or woman should be
Strong themes of how gender role effects stereotypes and identifying masculinity with sports.
Ideology of why feminism is not justified
Men suffer from social norms.
Sinned
Does not represent what "being a man" really is
Assume manly position comes from religion
A young gay male named Christian, who joins a Mormon missionary household in hopes that it will “cure” his homosexuality.
Homosexuality and sin
Set in a Christian high school satirizing the hypocrisy of religious reasoning.
Highlights aspects of America’s social reality which movies tend to shy away from like homosexuality and sin.
Stereotypes!
Social expectations and norms
Gender roles
Masculinity
Homosexuality
Stereotypes

Realistic examples of gender conflict
The "Great Divide" of sexes
Stepping out of comfort zone
Moving up/down the ranks of social hierarchy as to break the barrier of the "Great Divide"
Requires an individual who will step past the set boundary to make a difference
Theroux describes what being a man is to him in a distinctive, yet intriguing way as he degrades society's influence of masculinity.
Acting like a man is to “be stupid, be unfeeling, obedient, soldierly and [to ultimately] stop thinking” which highlights this statement (Theroux 177).
In contrary to women, who are “traditionally urged to please adults...” (Theroux 177)
Women, from an early age, are stressed to be presentable and seemed more as displays rather than actual people.
It was shocking how a man was enlightened to what society has held his gender to conform to and how he was able to sympathize women for their difficult role in the modern world.
Homosexuals had to conceal their orientation in order to fit in.
Adolescents are actively doing this.
Statistics of homosexuals have dramatically increased throughout the years. Nine out of ten LGBT youth report to being have verbally bullied because of their sexual orientation (Bullying Statistics 2014).
Due to this, many of the homosexuals have become afraid to come out about their emotions and sexual orientation.
Views from both male and female
Subjective perspective as a women
Transitioned to a balanced insight as Quindlen understood the "Great Divide" that takes place between genders.
Separation of gender's method of thinking

Social standards of men: to be masculine
Careers, such as writing was not considered “a manly profession” (Theroux 177)
Author felt the pressure of the standards.
True self hidden
Point of view from a male who is a feminist
Women not well represented
[Women] Treated more as items than as people
Social acceptance: women who struggles daily vs. men who act “like monkeys” (Theroux 177)
Forced labeling of men: to be rude, to be strong, and only need women for sex
Effect of men who take on this role:
Disgusting
Brainwashed
Defined by being another kind of man, not the real man inside
Off course of what American culture set up for men
Point of view from a homosexual – hidden from the world
The “ultimate disguises” conceal their difference/true self to appeal to the norm
Introduce the conflicts/struggles homosexuals face
Universal concept of adolescents where one needs to change in order to belong
Feelings of isolation and despair apparent
Exemplification
“Boy-girl party”
Discussion regarding an amaryllis bulb in the bathroom
Point of view from a male
Elder son: his thought of the bulb as “an onion in a pot” (Quindlen 175)
Father/husband: his thought of the bulb as “that thing”
Point of view from a female
Woman: infuriated of their lack of knowledge about the bulb
In conclusion, the men thought the woman was “weird” (Quindlen 175).
A clear division of gender's thought processes.
The inevitable division, internally and externally of the genders’ brain and body by Louann Brizendine, M.D.
Differences seen are initial reactions before actually pausing to examine and think about [the bulb].
Exemplification
A painting of stereotypes on how to attract women: pick “up a sport, get[ting] more fresh air….[and] urged not to read so much” (Theroux 177).
Follow social norms deemed as “manly”.
Suppress his true self to avoid being ridiculed.
Exemplification
Sullivan’s personal experience of a crush for a boy
Stereotypes of high school personas.
jocks, nerds, reserved introvert, etc.
Racist” and “homophobic” are similar as society enforces pessimistic connotation.
Society teaches homosexuals to disguise their true orientation in order to be accepted.
Ideology
Homophobia – a strong dislike of homosexuality and homosexual people
Society pressures homosexuals to divulge into activation to suppress their sexuality (i.e. sports, drama)
Expectations from the American culture: masculinity of men and delicacy of women
Political
Same sex marriage law
Currently, nineteen states and Washington, D.C. allow marriage for same sex couples (Maps: Same Sex Marriages in the United States)

Men and women are alike, but not the same.
The woman view the amaryllis bulb will soon bloom into “fabulous flowers” while men referenced it as an “onion in a pot” or “that thing” (Quindlen 175)
Have different perspectives but agreed on opposite sex as “strange” or “weird” (Quindlen 175)
Research shows boys tend to react more honestly while girls more politely
Adults are similar to the kids because growing up, they were taught how boys and girls should act
Men and women follow the traditional standards of how society separates both genders
But somehow brings them together with their opposite reactions
Full transcript