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Australian Folk Culture by Jacob

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Jacob Zembower

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Australian Folk Culture by Jacob

Convict Folk Songs Many convicts were unable to read or write very well, like a large percentage of the British population at the time. The use of songs was particularly important as it provided a means to record popular feelings as well as events and individual's stories. Origins of Australian Folk Music Australian folk music has been handed down by oral tradition amongst common people. In the early days of the Australian colonies, convict ballads and songs became the foundation of Australia's later day folk music and its first original compositions. Australian Folk Culture By: Jacob Zembower Instruments The fiddle, concertina, banjo, mouth organ, penny whistle, and tea chest were popular instruments. Influences of Australian Folk Music Since the 1970s, Australian folk songs have been influenced by migrants from diverse backgrounds which dominated Australia's working life after World War II. New Australian folk styles, generated by the children of these migrants, are influenced by the ancient folk traditions of Europe, Egypt, and Africa. Diffusion of Australian Folk Music The 1990s brought Australian Indigenous Folk Rock to the world, led by bands including Yothu Yindi.
Australia's long and continuous folk tradition continues strongly to this day, with elements of folk music still present in many contemporary artists
including those generally thought of as Rock, Heavy Metal, and Alternative Music. Many early Australian singers recycled tunes from England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland and adapted these to lyrics and verse about their experience in the colonies Convict songs of Jim Jones , Van Diemen's Land , Moreton Bay and hymns to bushrangers were often sad or critical Food Attractions Australia's 11 million square kilometre fishing zone is the third largest in the world and allows for bountiful access to seafood which significantly influences Australian cuisine. "Let's put another shrimp on the barbie." Recently restaurants have made greater use of indigenous foods, for example kangaroos and emus are farmed commercially for their meat, which is low in fat and high in fibre. Australia's wine is also a large attraction. The Australian Wine Industry is the fourth largest exporter of wine around the world Food Taboos The eating of horse meat is a food taboo to most people in Australia, which could be because it is forbidden in the Christian religion, and its supply is sometimes even illegal. Organ meat is considered a taboo because many people are squeamish about it. Blood sausage is considered repulse in all parts of Australia. Form of Housing Hipped roofs, were all the side slope downward
toward the walls are very popular in Australia, and flat roofs are popular in Western Australia. Internationally recognized Australian architecture Sydney Opera House Parliament House Most Australian homes have brick walls and at least three bedrooms and are heated by electricity or mains gas. Two Most Current Styles of Homes Contempary Double and Tripe fronted brick veneer The inside of the homes were often open plan Large windows often at the corner of the house Inside of home often had an open plan The roof was low pitched with corrugated iron or steel deck roofing Had a hipped roof (all side of the roof slope downward to the walls) that was tiled with
concrete tiles. The external walls consisted of a brick veneer wall, usually made from wire cut bricks that were light tan, light red or brown. Windows were horizontal sliding aluminum or timber awning with a brick on edge or terracotta tiled window sill. Materials and Orientation of Housing 87% of houses has outer walls of brick; 67% are single brick and 20% are double brick. Only 6% of houses have timber outer walls. Homes in Australia are orientated to increase the energy efficiency of the homes. In Australia, homes that face north will have better access to winter sun and can more easily be protected from unwanted summer sun. Clothing Styles They wore long trousers, buttoned sleeves, strong leather boots and hats, often with corks hanging from the brim to keep away the flies. Australians tend to wear light clothing due to their mild weather. Many festivals are held every year to try to keep Australian folk music, folk art, and folk way of live alive.

The National Folk Festival is held for five whole days people from all around Australia and the world gather to share dance, song and tunes from many differing aspects of Australian Folk culture. The National Gallery of Australia has included a large collection of folk art. The main threats to the folk way of life is the diffusion of popular cultures from other countries. Efforts to Maintain the Folk way of Life It is traditionally houghtful to be putting feet up on furniture in the home. It is also becoming increasingly customary to take off your shoes when entering your home or in a host's house or at some guest house. Smoking is also becoming more and more discouraged. Also very few people drink alcohol in public places now unlike before.
When meeting someone for the first time, it is usual to shake the person's right hand with your right hand.

While an Australian may say, 'G'day' or 'G'day, mate', this may sound patronizing from a foreigner. Etiquette and Customs Holding up one’s index and middle fingers to create a “V” means of “up yours” in Australia when pulled with the palm facing inwards instead of meaning "peace."
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