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Japan Yoko Atosha
Transcript of Japan Yoko Atosha
This isolation lasted for 251 years until 1854, when U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry forced the opening of Japan to the West under the Treaty of Kanagawa. Japan was founded in the VII century. C. by Emperor Jimmu.
The emperors were official governors, but the real power remained in the hands usually the shoguns (military governors)
In the XVI century, traders from Portugal, Holland, England and Spain came to Japan and founded Christian missions.
The shogunate became suspicious of Christian missions, considering precursor of a military conquest by European forces. Japan attacked the U.S. naval base in Pearl Harbor in December 1941, which led to the United States to declare war to Japan in the context of the Second World War.
The U.S. military attacked Tokyo, Osaka and other cities with conventional strategic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan finally surrendered to U.S. forces giving with it end the war. Anime Evolution Anime Genders Japanese
Culture Origami Religions National Sports notes Geishas History The Land of the Rising Sun General Data Flag Coat of Arms Capital
(and largest city) Tokyo National Language Japanese Governament Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda Total Area 377,944 km2. 62nd largest country Population 127,960,000 10th most populated country Currency Yen (JPY) Regions and Main Cities Tokyo City Prefecture Tokyo 1st Place Yokohama City Prefecture Kanagawa 2nd Place Osaka City Prefecture Osaka 3rd Place Nagoya City Prefecture Aichi 4th Place Sapporo City Prefecture Hokkaido 5th Place Kobe City Prefecture Hyogo 6th Place Kyoto City Prefecture Kyoto 7th Place Kawasaki City Prefecture Kanagawa 9th Place Fukuoka City Prefecture Fukuoka 8th Place Hiroshima City Prefecture Hiroshima 10th Place Japanese Flora Sugi
Japanese Cedar Larch
Ume Japanese Fauna Origami word is from -Ori- meaning "folding", and -Kami- meaning "paper" In the origami aren't used scissors or glue, only the paper and hands. Still, with only a few sheets of paper can be obtained various geometric shapes and lifelike figures (animals, people, flowers, objects, etc). Kinds of Origami It is believed that origami was a Chinese invention that didn't enjoyed great popularity, introduced to Japan where he acquired great fame and was developed. Kusudama
The kusudama consists in putting a number of identical parts together to form a complete model. The pieces are usually simple but the final set can be complicated. Kirigami
The kirigami is the technique of drawing paper cut with scissors. The figures are cut kirigami directly with scissors, making it a very creative technique. A variant in Mexico is known like "Papel Picado" Makigami
The makigami is the art and technique of working the paper ripping, joining, folding and wrinkling hands only. Akira Yoshizawa, was the greatest developer of this technique. Usually, the traditional clothes of the geishas are kimono sash (obi), sandals (zori), wig (Ofuku) and makeup. The geishas originated as entertainment professionals, originally the majority were male. The Geishas used their skills in various Japanese arts, music, dance, and storytelling. Shinto It is a religion of respect for nature and in particular sacred sites.
The adoration of Shinto is done at Sanctuaries. These sites are used to adore the sun, rock formations, trees, animals and sounds. Are known to Shinto deities as "kami" and "Shinto". It hasn't holy book, or founder. It originated in Japan and is almost exclusively there. Buddhism Buddhism arrived in Japan in the VI century, when a Korean king sent the Japanese emperor a picture of Buddha and some sutras. Japanese aristocrats built many Buddhist statues and temples in the capital in Nara, and later in Kyoto. Christianity This arrived in 1549 from the Spanish missionary Francis Xavier, and was spread by Jesuit missionaries, they were known in Japan as Kirishitan. In the XVII century, Christianity was banned for two centuries to the Meiji Restoration, when he permitted the arrival of Christian missionaries. Another Religions Islam Judaism Hinduism Shinshukyo Judo is a Olympic combat sport consists of releases, submissions and chokes, leaving aside the blows, disarms, multiple joint dislocations and methods of resuscitation, to get more sporty. Judo is based on the infighting and were practiced by the samurai on the battlefield Judo Kendo is a modern traditional Japanese martial art. In combat kendo armor and wearing a bamboo sword, and perform the prescribed forms or kata with a wooden sword, and rarely with real Japanese sword or katana. The name comes from ken: sword and do: way. Kendo Sumo is a type of wrestling where wrestlers face opponents in a circular area. It celebrean a lot of Shinto rituals before and after the fighting, but the rules are few and are not complex: The first wrestler to make contact with the outside of the circle of struggle (either with your feet or any other part of your body) is out. If a wrestler loses his mawashi (the only clothing used during a sumo match), is eliminated. Athletes who practice most are recognized by their large size, as body mass is a critical factor in sumo, so the diet leading practitioners is specifically designed to gain and maintain weight. Sumo Folk Music Japanese folk songs can be classified in various ways, in general there are four main categories: songs about work, religious songs, songs for events like weddings, funerals and festivals and songs for children. The singers are usually accompanied with the three-stringed lute called the shamisen, taiko drumms, koto harp and shakuhachi bamboo flute called. koto shamisen Shakuhachi taiko J-pop J-Pop refers to the modern Japanese pop music, and is one that is based primarily on modern Western influences rather than the traditional Japanese musical influences. This was started to develop with the introduction of jazz to Japan in the 2nd World War. Influenced by artists like Elvis Presley, The Beatles, including from Latin America like Juan Gabriel, Camilo Sesto, Roberto Carlos. J-Rock The name comes from the j-rock Japanese English rock, and is one of the most powerful movements in the Japanese culture today. In the 70's began to appear the first native artists, adopting the ways which reached rock from outside and adapting it to their own roots. At this time appeared the first singers who wrote the lyrics of their songs, and became very popular performers like Kan Mikami and Kazuki Tomokawa. greatest exponents of actual Japanese music Arashi Ikimono Gakari Mr. Children Utada Hikaru Aiko Kobukuro Miku Hatsune Anime is the term that identifies the origin of Japanese cartoons. The anime is a medium to large expansion in Japan, being both a commercial entertainment product which has caused a mass cultural phenomenon and a form of popular art technology. It is potentially addressed to all audiences, from children, teens, adults, to specs classification taken from the existing essentially for "manga" it can address subjects, topics and genres as diverse as love, adventure, science fiction, fairy tales, literature, sports, fantasy, eroticism and many others. Usually, anime fans are known in the West like otakus 1960 2010 1970 1980 1990 2000 1963 - Astroboy 1972 - Mazinger Z 1974 - Heidi 1967 - Mach GoGoGo (Meteoro) 1983 - Capitan Tsubasa (Supercampeones) 1981 - Dr. Slump (Arale) 1986 - Dragon Ball 1986 - Saint Seiya
(Los Caballeros del Zodiaco) 1989 - Dragon Ball Z 1989 - Ranma 1/2 1992 - Sailor Moon 1997 - Pokemon 1998 - CardCaptor Sakura 1999 - Digimon 2000 - Yu-Gi-Oh! 2000 - InuYasha 2000 - Hamtaro 2001 - Sen To Chihiro no Kamikakushi (Spritied Away/El Viaje de Chihiro) 2001 - Shaman King 2002 - Chobits 2003 - Fullmetal Alchemist 2002 - Naruto 1999 - One Piece 2004 - Bleach 2005 - Shakugan no Shana 2006 - Suzumiya Haruhi no Yuutsu 2006 - Death Note 2007 - Naruto Shippuden 2007 - Lucky Star 2007 - CLANNAD 2008 - ToraDora! 2008 - Rosario+Vampire 2008 - Vampire Knight 2009 - Fairy Tail 2009 - K-ON! 2009 - Seitokai no Ichizon 2010 - To Love Ru 2010 - Ore no Imouto ga Konnani Kawaii Wake ga nai (Oreimo) 2011 - Beelzebub 2011 - Mirai Nikki 2011 - Cube x Cursed x Curious (C3) KODOMO
anime addressed to children SHONEN
anime addressed to boys MAHO SHOJO
about girls with magical powers MECHA
about gigants robots ROMAKOME
about romantic comedy GORE
literally means bloody APOCALIPTIC
happens in a devastated world KEMONO
humans with animals features NOTE: She's Horo in the anime Spice and Wolf, which is a goddess WOLF of fields ECCHI
semi-erotic anime with comedy HAREM
many womans atracted to the same man LOLI
romance between girls and adults or themselves YURI OR SHOJO-AI
anime with romance between girls or womans SHOJO
anime addressed to girls Japanese Cuisine Principal Ingredents Rice (gohan) vegetables mushrooms seafood kelp (nori) noodles Eggs (Tamago) meat Legumes (soybean) Misery say: ARIGATTO GOZAIMASU & SAYONARA