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Lewis and Clark

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Brandon R

on 23 January 2015

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Transcript of Lewis and Clark

Lewis and Clark
They had 45 Flannel Shirts, 20 coats, 15 Frocks, 15 Blankets
On their journey, they had:
110 Articles of Clothing (Flannel Shirts, Stockings, Shoes, Frocks, woolen pants, blankets)
5,900 Doses of Medicine (physic, emetic, diaphoretic)
5,470 present for Indians encountered (knives, scissors, needles, tobacco, and pocket mirrors)
1 Long-Barrel Rifle
176 Pounds of Gun Powder
1 Hand Compass

On their Journey, they encountered:
Pawnee Indians—native North American Tribe, found along Platte, Loup, and Republican Rivers of now Nebraska
Shoshone Indians—mostly located around the Snake River in Idaho, kept being forced to move by the US Government.
Kickapoo Indians—buffalo and farming, lived in present day Kansas, Oklahoma, and Mexico

Lewis and Clark
Discover of the White Salmon Trout
1.) born August 18, 1774
2.) William Lewis (his father) a decorated soldier
3.) Lucy Lewis (his mother) was a very skilled cook
4.) William died of a bad illness in 1779 (after crossing a freezeing river)
5.) Lucy then re-married to a retired officer (Captin John Marks) in May 1780
6.) John Marks moved the whole family to Broad River Valley, Georgia
7.) Lewis enhanced his skills as a hunter and outdoors man
8.) Lewis became interested in natural history
9.) Lucy gave birth to Lewis's half brother and sister (Mary and John Marks)
10.) at the age 12 and 14 Lewis returned to Virginia, to learn about formal education
11.) Lewis studied with Dr. Charles Everitt
12.) Lewis transferred to Rev. James Waddell in 1790 (he finnished)
13.John Marks died (1794) so Lucy and the kids returned to Virginia as well
14.) In August of 1795 Lewis joined the forces of Genral "Mad"
15.) Lewis served with another soldier whome he became really good friends with
Indian Encounters
Indian Encounters
They met Kickapoo Indians and traded 4 deer for 2 quarts of whiskey.

The Corps had a meeting with the Oto and Missouri Indians to try and get them to stop raiding the neighboring village of the Omaha tribe.

The Corps needed horses to cross the Rockies and a Shoshone tribe had plenty of horses. They made peace with the tribe and it turned out that Sacagawea's brother was the chief and they got the horses they needed.

The Discovery of the Bear
Descriptions include:
Weighed about 10 pounds
2.8 inches long
eye is moderately large
small teeth
They described it as the most tremendous animal and extremely hard to kill, it also looked about 600 pounds.
Life After the Trip
Meriwether Lewis
William Clark
He was the governor of the Louisiana Territory.

Was not a successful in his political career.

He became depressed and later committed suicide.
This a picture of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
Sources Used
January 18, 1803
President Thomas Jefferson sends a secret message to Congress wanting approval for a funding for exploration out west.
Spring 1803
Meriwether Lewis begins training as the journey's leader in Philadelphia.
July 4, 1803
The Louisiana Purchase is announced; Lewis will now be exploring the West
Summer 1803
Lewis picks up William Clark and other recruits as he goes down the Ohio River.
Fall/Winter 1803
Lewis and Clark establish Camp Wood, their winter camp for their Corps of Discovery.

March 10, 1804
Lewis and Clark arrive in St. Louis that officially transfer the Louisiana Territory to the United States.
May 14, 1804
The expedition leaves Camp Wood and begins its journey along the Missouri River.
August 3, 1804
The Corps of Discovery hosts Council with Oto and Misourri Indians
August 20, 1804
Charles Floyd dies of natural causes near present-day Sioux City, Iowa; he is the only death on this journey
August 30, 1804
Council is held with Yankton Sioux
Early September 1804
The journey reacghes the Great Plains and sees animals unknown in the eastern United States.
November 4, 1804
Lewis and Clark hire a fur trader Toussaint Charbonneau and his Shoshone wife, Sacagawea.
December 24, 1804
Fort Mandan is completed
February 11, 1805
Lewis assisted in the Birth if Sacagawea's son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.
April 29, 1805
The men kill their first grizzly bear near the Yellowstone River which is in Montana.
May 31, 1805
The expedition arrives in the White Cliffs region of the Missouri River.
June 1, 1805
They reach an unknown fork in the Missouri River and must determine which way to go
Late July 1805
They reach the Three Forks of the Missouri which they name the Jefferson, Gallatin, and Madison in honor of the President, Secretary of the Treasury, and Secretary of State.
August 8, 1805
Sacagawea notices Beaverhead Rock and knows they are close to Shoshone lands.
August 17, 1805
Main party arrives at the Shoshone camp, where Sacagawea recognizes chief as her long-lost brother, Cameahwait.
August 18, 1805
Lewis' celebrates his 31st birthday
August 31, 1805
The expedition begins the journey to the Bitterroot Mountains with many horses and a mule acquired from the Shoshone.
September 11, 1805
The Corps begins the steep ascent into the Bitterroot Range of the Rocky Mountains; the crossing will cover more than 160 miles (260 kilometers).
October 16, 1805
The expedition encounters the Columbia River.
November 24, 1805
After reaching the Pacific, decide where to build Fort Clatsop
March 23, 1806
The men set out for home
September 23, 1806
The Journey ends after nearly two and a half years
Made head of Indian Affairs in St. Louis

Among his tasks, he fur traded and protecting the Indians up river

He served in his post until the 1830's

Before he died in 1838, he was saddened with the news of a great smallpox epidemic
Toussaint Charbonneau
-Freach Canadian fur trapper living with the Hidasta
-Husband of Sacagawea
-Hidasta translator
1.) born August 1st, 1770 in Caroline Country, Virginia
2.) William went on a half legendary exploration team of Lewis and Clark
3.) this begain when Lewis asked William to share command of an expedtion
4.) After more tham two years and more than 8,000 miles
5.) the expedtion helped mapmaekers understand the geogrphy of the West
William Clark
Other Key People
Aaron Bacon, Emily Haiflich, Kassidy Puterbaugh, Brandon Runyon
Thomas Jefforson
Meriwether Lewis
1.) was a shosone Indian
2.) she was invited to the expidetion by William and Lewis
3.) they aslo invited her husband Touissant Charbonneau a French-Canadian trader
4.) During the journey, Sacaagawea gave birth to a child named Jean Baptiste Febuary 1805
5.) the child was then nicknamed "Little Pomp" by Clark
Full transcript