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West Side Story

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Denise Calimano

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of West Side Story

Carol Lawrence
(Maria)
History
West Side Story
Hispanics in the Arts - Broadway
Born September 5, 1932
An American actress who played the lead in the play, West Side Story.
Received a nomination for Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for this role.
Lawrence was awarded the Harvard Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year Award in 1960
Has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Natalie Wood played her role in the film, West Side Story.
Music was blended with various styles, including jazzy sounds of the decade in
which the music was written, as well as Latin rhythms.
The colors of West Side Story could be analyzed —the primary Crayola shades of the sets, the red ceilings and walls, the neutral tones of Doc’s store, Maria’s cotton-candy pastels and the red belt and shoes paired with her white dress for the big dance
Arthur Laurents
(Playwright)
Leonard Bernstein

( Songwriter)
Born on July 14, 1917 and died May 5, 2011.
Was a playwright, screenwriter, and director.
He attended Cornell University, where he nurtured an early love of theater by obsessively reading plays in his spare time.
Laurents wrote the libretto for "West Side Story" as a twist on Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet."
Women's hair styles ranged from beehive hairdos in the early part of the decade to the very short styles popularized by Twiggy and Mia Farrow just five years later to a very long straight style as popularized by the hippies in the late 1960s. Between these extremes, the chin-length contour cut and the pageboy were also popular. Mop-top hairstyles were most popular for white and Hispanic men, beginning as a short version around 1963 through 1964. Hairstyles were very big and used a large quantity of hair spray, somewhat like ours today.



Born August 25, 1918
He was a songwriter
He attended Harvard and studied music theory
He found inspiration everywhere and played with a voracity that impressed anyone who listened.
He composed the music for "West Side Story."
Born December 5, 1930
An American actor, singer, and dancer.
He play the role of Tony on the West Side Story
The first movie that he was in was the " Bill Norvas and the Upstarts"
He worked in Off-Broadway and ballet production until 1957, when he started to cast in the West Side Story.
Chita Rivera

( Anita)
Larry Kert
( Tony)

Popular Songs From The Playlist
"Jet Song" by (Tucker Smith, Jets)
"Something's Coming" by (Jim Bryant)
"Dance at the Gym" (Blues, Promenade, Mambo, Pas de Deux,
film dialogue, and Jump)
"Maria" by (Jim Bryant)
"America" by (Rita Moreno, George Chakiris, Sharks & Girls)
"Tonight" by (Jim Bryant, Marni Nixon)
"Gee, Officer Krupke" by (Russ Tamblyn, Jets)






For the warring Jets and Sharks males it was plain urban guy-wear — distressed, boot-cut jeans, faded dark T-shirts — accented with a few pops of color.

For the Jet girls clothes were worn for two purposes; to look fashionable and shock their parents. They preferred hip hugging pencil skirts and waist cinching blouses.
Shark girls dresses would be made out of cotton and be easy to clean. They would look like deflated versions of stylish dresses of the time.Although the dresses were simple, the prints on the fabric would be colorful and fun. Tropical, floral, and Hawaiian print were extremely popular.
Protests in the 1960s

Chita Rivera is an American actress, dancer, and singer best known for her roles in musical theater. She is the first Hispanic woman and the first Latino American to receive a Kennedy Center Honors award.
Born Dolores Conchita Figueroa del Rivero in Washington, D.C., on January 23, 1933.
In 1957, Broadway history was made when Chita’s electric performance as Anita in the Broadway premiere of West Side Story brought her stardom.
The story is set in the Upper West Side neighborhood in New York City in the mid-1950s, an ethnic, blue-collar neighborhood.

This musical story explores the rivalry between the Jets and the Sharks, two teenage street gangs of different ethnic backgrounds. The members of the Sharks, from Puerto Rico, are taunted by the Jets, a Caucasian gang.

The Main Character, Tony, a former member of the Jets and best friend of the gang leader, Riff, falls in love with Maria, the sister of Bernardo, the leader of the Sharks. The dark theme, sophisticated music, extended dance scenes, and focus on social problems marked a turning point in American musical theater.
These movements include :
Civil rights movement,
The student movement,
The anti-Vietnam War movement,
The women’s movement,
The gay rights movement,
The environmental movement
From Civil Rights Vietnam War

U.S. troops engaged: 8,744,000
American battle deaths: 47,410
170,000 Hispanics served in Vietnam
3,070 (5.2%) Hispanics died there.
The U.S. helped non-Communist South Vietnam fight invasion by Communist in North Vietnam.
North Vietnamese torpedo boats reportedly attacked U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin on August 2, 1964.
A cease-fire was signed in Paris, 1973.
War broke out again in the region
North Vietnam's victory in 1975 ended the longest war in which the U.S. had ever been involved.
In the 1960s, Latinos and Hispanics made their fight for equality even more visible, modeling their actions on the successful African-American struggle for civil rights.

Actors
EDUCATION
Rita Moreno
( Anita in the movie)
Born December 11, 1931
A actress, singer and a dancer
She was the only hispanic and one of the few performers
Only hispanic to win all four major annual American entertainment, Oscar, an Emmy, a Grammy and a Tony
She was the second Puerto Rican to win an Oscar
Known people at the time
Ernesto Antonio "tito" Puente (1923-2000)
(salsa musician/latin jazz composer)
Music & Fashion
El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico (1963- ) (salsa band)
Luis Muñoz Marin (1898-1980)
First democratically elected
governor of Puerto Rico
Migration
Over
4,200
Puerto Ricans were estimated to have arrived in the United States each year
85% settled in New York City
Following the Second World War, the number of Puerto Ricans in the United States escalated from
69,967 in 1940s to 887,662 in the 1960s
.
From December 1960 to October 1962, more than
fourteen thousand
Cuban youths arrived alone in the United States because of operation pedro pan.
Freedom Flights
(Los vuelos de la libertad)
transported Cubans to Miami twice daily, five times per week from 1965 to 1973
it the largest airborne refugee operation in American history
In 1963, high school students were being punished for things like going to the bathroom at lunch or speaking spanish in school.
Hispanics were discouraged from attending school
First protest in Los Angelos school was a failure
It paved the way for greater college attendance by latinos
The Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund was established
It was the first associated to openly protect civil rights of Latin Americans.
PEOPLE
About 3,500 Hispanics joined the war, It increased to 10,000 by the end of the war.

Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca(1915-2001)
Mexican American actor, painter and writer.
Luis Arambilet Alvarez (1957- )
novelist, poet, screenwriter, painter, graphic artist, filmmaker and systems engineer.

Rafael Trujillo
He was a Dominican politician and soldier who ruled the Dominican Republic from February 1930 until May 1961
He killed an estimate of 50,000 people. including possibly as many as 25,000 in the infamous Parsley Massacre
Parsley Massacre was a government-sponsored genocide. He executed the Haitian population living in the borderlands with Haiti
HE was not a fan of Castro , he helped an anti castro group , when the group was outsed Fidel swore to take him down
"La Era de Trujillo", is considered one of the bloodiest eras ever in the Americas
Fidel Castro
a Cuban communist politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and President from 1976 to 2008.
Castro became a symbol of communist revolution in Latin America
Tried to over throw rafael trujillo of dicatorship
attacked moncada army barracks with 123 men & women
sentenced to 15 years but served 2
went to mexico to plan another overthrow of the cuban government
came to power january 1, 1959
This Is The Trailer To The Movie Filmed In 1962
Full transcript