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Copy of Present Perfect

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by

Jorge Ortiz-Huerta

on 23 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Present Perfect


Departamento de Idiomas
Mtro. Jorge Ortiz-Huerta

Learning Objective...
To review the particular characteristics of the present perfect tense and to contrast its main differences with the simple past.


Past simple
- describes an action that happened as a singular and finished event:
I
ate

pizza at
1pm
.
I
saw
that movie on
Thursday
.

Present perfect
- usually describes something that started in the past at an unspecified time, having the possibility to affect what we do in the present or even the future:
I
have eaten
three slices of pizza,
but I still hungry
.
I

have seen

a couple of movies

this week
.

Affecting the present/future...
I have eaten pizza
so I am not hungry now
.
present perfect-
(Before now)
from the past to the present...
For and Since
Simple past or Present Perfect?
GAME
I
have forgotten
my homework so...
I
haven't seen
an UFO but...
We
have been
good students so...
She
has arrived
late but...
The teacher will read out some questions to the class, stand if you have, sit if you have not e.g.

Have you ever walked to school?

Those who have stand.
Those who haven't sit.

Be prepared to reply 'I have walked to school'
or 'I have never walked to school'.
When do I use it?
I
ate
pizza at
1pm
.
I
have eaten
three slices of pizza,
but I still hungry
.
Do we need the past participle or the simple past form

to create a present perfect sentence?

How long
have
you
been
...
a student?
awake?
studying hard?
at home?
You might reply with:
I've been a student for 6 years
When
did
you ...
get your ID?
go to your first concert?
have your first date?
buy your first Xbox?
You might reply with:
19th of February 2003
Past simple VS Present Perfect
Remember:
Past simple - singular point in time.
Present perfect - something in the past that still going on (present)

1. Roger (arrive) ___________ in L.A. a week ago.
2. I (not, have) __________ this much fun since I (be)______a kid.
3. My best friend and I (traveled) ______________to Europe several times.
4. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) ___________ the bus. You (be) _____________ late to work to many times. You are fired!
5. What a big surprise! I (not, see) ________________ you in years.

Homework - 6/11/13
Situational Online Quiz

Due date: August 7th @18:00

Test your knowledge on the Present Perfect.
1) Access to the following link to complete your profile, then you'll be ready to start.
https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/present-perfect-simple-1
2) After submitting, your answers will be automatically sent to your teacher.
3) At the end, you will see how well you have done in the test.


Good luck! :)
We use
FOR
to indicate the total amount of time:
I've worked in the factory for almost two years
She got mad about it...well, just for a couple minutes.
We use
SINCE
to indicate when the action started:
I've seen the same old show since I was a child.
Since I left you...things have changed.
Already and Yet
We use
ALREADY
to show that something happened earlier than we expected:
Sorry...we've already had our breakfast, we thought you wouldn't make it!
We use
YET
to show that something that we expected has happened or hasn't happened:
Damn it! I haven't bought the tickets yet...
Present Perfect Cartoons
Watch the following cartoons and identify the present perfect structures and expressions.
.
Refreshing your ideas...
References:
Richard, Jack & Jonathan Hull. Interchange. 3rd. ed. Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print

Cartoons taken from:
The New Yorker Magazine, Six Cartoons: Present Perfect. Online version, Nov 20th, 2013
...what about regular verbs?
Switching roles...
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