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Lord of the Flies Chapter 3

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Manuel Hentory

on 31 March 2016

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies Chapter 3

Lord of the Flies Chapter 3
By: Hiba, Morgan, Crescentia, Farid, Matej & Tyrell
Chapter Summary
Character Psychology
The characters that are presented to us in this chapter are Jack, Ralph, and Simon.

This chapter is a good example of how each character is starting to adapt to their surroundings and how they deal with failures.

One of the shorter chapters of the books with only 9 pages, however, is still filled with information about 3 of the characters.

Jack
The Second Hunt:
Failure to catch the pig
“All you can talk about is pig, pig, pig!” (Page 54)
Shows failure clearly interferes with Jack’s thoughts and interactions with other people.
Shows obsessiveness.
Smart thinking
“Paint our faces so they wouldn’t see” (Page 54)
Shows good thinking by Jack and how driven he is to catch the pig.
Rescue Talk:
“Rescue? Yes, of course! All the same, I’d like to catch a pig first” (Page 53)
Shows that Jack has either forgotten or given up on people coming to save them.
Shows that his job/the pig has taken a lot of his focus
Ralph
The Huts & Failure:
“Two shelters were in position, but shaky. This one was a ruin.”(page 50)
“He did not notice Jack even when he saw him.”(page 50)
Like Jack, Ralph’s job too has taken a lot of focus from him to the point where nothing else exists besides the Huts.
“All day I’ve been working with Simon. No one else.”(page 50)
Shows frustration and anger that is building up inside him, which could lead to a need for a possibly violent stress relief.
“They’re hopeless. The older ones aren’t much better.”(page 50)
Shows sadness and anger from him as he, like Jack, has given up on things as well.
Simon
This is a good example of a “third side” character (I will explain this). He is not (yet) on either side of the conflict between Ralph and Jack and can see both sides of the argument.
Helping and Patient
The Huts
“'Simon. He helps.' 'All the rest rushed off. He’s done as much as I have.'” (Page 54)
Shows that Simon is one of the more mature people of this group as he did not just run away from doing his job like the others.
We do not see Simon ever complain about the others not doing work unlike Ralph.
Shows that Simon is a more patient type of person.
The “littluns”
“Simon found for them the fruit they could not reach” (page 56)
Shows that Simon is more understanding of the children as he did not hold any sort of grudge against them when picking the fruits. (ex: He didn’t not give anyone fruits because they did not help like they were supposed to.)
Symbols
The Conch
Stands for Ralph and his rank and power as chief
Applied according to Ralph’s explanation starting with how the others would be present before him whenever he blew the conch: “‘I bet if I blew the
conch
this minute, they’d [the other boys would]
come running
.” (pg. 51)
Its function is to show what the power of the status of chief can do and how deeply it affects the mood and thoughts of the rest of the children: “‘Then we’d [all of the boys would] be, you know,
very solemn
, and someone would say we ought to build a jet, or a submarine, or a TV set.’” (pg. 51)
The “Beastie/Snake-thing”
Embodies the fear and uneasiness of the boys on the island
Utilized since Ralph explains to Jack how some of the boys are scared at night and act as if they are not on a safe island: “‘Have you [Jack] been awake at night? They
talk and scream
. The littluns. Even some of the others.’ … ‘As if it wasn’t a good island. As if
the beastie, the beastie or the snake-thing
, was real.’” (pg. 52)
Its purpose is to present that the feelings of terror and horror is ever-present among the boys on the island: “The two older boys [Jack and Ralph] flinched when they heard
the shameful syllable
.
Snakes
were not mentioned now, were not mentionable.” (pg. 52)
The Fire
Signifies the chances of rescue for the boys from the island and their only hope
Practiced due to Ralph’s wish to get rescued as soon as possible: “‘I [Ralph] was talking about
smoke
! Don’t you [Jack] want to be
rescued
?’” (pg. 54)
Its part is to underline more the start of a “dangerous” drift between Ralph and Jack: “‘All you [Jack] can talk about is
pig, pig, pig
!’ ‘But we [everyone/the boys] want
meat
!’” (pg. 54)
Politics
Literary Devices
Simile
Page 48:
“He was down like a sprinter.”
he prepared to sprint as quickly as he could to catch the pig and kill it
“He lowered his chin and stared at the traces as though he would force them to speak to him."
he gazed at the traces so very intently, angrily trying to acquire as many clues as possible
desperate to kill a pig
prove himself
foreshadows future behaviour
Page 52:
“But you can feel as if you’re not hunting, but--being hunted, as if something’s behind you all the time in the jungle.”
a reference to the guilt felt by hunting and killing
Personification
Page 48
“...eyes that in this frustration seemed bolting and nearly mad”
eyes are alert and seem almost mad (as in insane)
not eyes in reality, but Jack hms.
insight to Jack’s future behaviour (foreshadowing)
Diction
Page 49
He searched the ground avidly
eagerly, with a great desire to kill
Jack stood there, streaming with sweat, streaked with brown earth, stained by all the vicissitudes of a day’s hunting.
unwelcome change of fortune
Page 52
...his eyes so bright they had deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and wicked.”
describes Simon’s visionary (psychic) abilities

Foreshadowing
Many of the literary devices mentioned before are also examples of foreshadowing:

Foreshadowing of Jack's lust to kill
“He lowered his chin and
stared at the traces as though he would force them to speak to him
.”
very determined - even desperate - to kill a pig
“...eyes that in this frustration seemed bolting and nearly mad”
also proves determination to kill
eventually develops into a mad lust to kill
Foreshadowing of a "vision" Simon might have
"...his eyes so bright they had deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and wicked.”
describes Simon’s visionary (psychic) faculties
Foreshadowing of the letting out of the fire
"So long as you and your hunters remember the fire-" and the response "You and your fire!"
Jack's careless attitude towards the fire will lead to his allowing it to go out
Theme
The military can be unsupervised and does not always act for the good of the people.

In the story Lord of the Flies Jack is an allegory for the military.
Whereas Ralph and Piggy are meant to represent civilization and maturity. When Jack is alone in the jungle hunting he is completely unsupervised and may act as he sees fit (Golding 48). When Jack gets back from his hunt with nothing to show for it he talks to Ralph and Ralph tells him that shelter is a higher priority of the group at that moment. Jack simply responds with “We want meat.” (Golding 50). Ignoring the fact that no one has any protection from any form of insect or snake sleeping on the bare ground. The fact that he wants to hunt overrules if he should be hunting. |This shows how he cares little for the benefit of the group when he could be out in the jungle killing things.

Conflict
conflict between Jack and Ralph (person v. person) evident ever since election in Chapter 1
argument
Ralph: shelters; overall good of the group
Jack: hunting; exhileration, lust to kill, lust for power
divisions become apparent
more violent disagreements become possible
Song
Thank You
Huts on the Beach
The boys' hair grew longer
Jack’s physical features changed by his sandy hair that became lighter, this was mentioned in page 48.
A more detailed description of Simon as well was mentioned: “He was a small, skinny boy, and his eyes so bright they have deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and wicked. The coarse mop of black hair was long and swung down...”



Physical Traits
Chapter 3
Discussion Questions
Pls clap now
Jack is hunting and is trying to catch a pig, but he fails and goes back to where the other boys are and sees Ralph and Simon trying to unsuccessfully build a shelter
Ralph tries to tell Jack how important it is to build the shelters and says that that is what everyone needs the most, however Jack does not heed him at all and only expresses that what they want is meat instead
This leads to a first argument which starts to break out between the two before Ralph points out to Jack the ongoing talk about the “beast” among the smaller children and even some of the older ones too
Simon then suggests that since the others are still non-talking about the “beast”, then it must be real as well
A second heated outburst then occurs between Jack and Ralph resting on the same argument as the first one, this time on the matter of keeping the fire going in order for them to be rescued
During this time Simon
quietly disappears
to a secluded place alone, leading up to the end of the chapter
Represents Jack and his hunters
It is used because in the beginning of the chapter, Jack is seen using it as a weapon to hunt with: “A sharpened stick about five feet long trailed from his [/Jack’s] right hand …” (pg. 48), as well as his hunters as we learn from him later on: “‘We [My hunters and I] wounded a pig and the spear fell out.’” (pg. 51)
Its role in this chapter is to further enhance Jack’s relish in hunting (especially pig); we see its effect while it served as one of Jack’s excuses to defend him and his hunters from Ralph’s accusation against them for not helping build the shelters: “‘But I shall! Next time! I’ve got to get a barb on this spear!’” (pg. 51)

The Spear
In this chapter there are no near rules. The children are shying away from doing their jobs. The only one`s who are doing their jobs are Jack,Ralph and Simon. Jack has taken it upon himself to do the hunting. But Simon has been doing the most work out of all of them because he has helped build their shelter and has always helped hunt. Simon is always there to offer his assistance. As this chapter unfolds we see Simon become more popular among the children as he is able to provide ripe fruit for them. We also see him take on a lot of the extra dead weight from the other boys that aren't doing the work required from them. Therefore I could arguably say that in this chapter Simon has the characteristics and qualties to become a leader.
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