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What Is Plagiarism?

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Diane Zerr

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of What Is Plagiarism?

What Is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is taking credit for or not giving credit to someone else’s ideas and research.
A writer could do this intentionally or unintentionally.
Either way, it is unethical and can be plagiarism (Stolley, Brizee, & Paiz, 2013a).
Here is a list of circumstances where plagiarism would have occurred:
• “turning in someone else's work as your own
• copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
• failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
• giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
• changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
• copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not”
(What is plagiarism, n.d.).
As a student, your research papers and projects need to be built upon others' research.
It is important when writing an academic paper to avoid plagiarism and give credit to others' research through your reference list and in-text citations.
Your reference list will be located at the end of your paper and should contain every source that is cited throughout your paper.
Example
Citations are used throughout your paper to show where others' research has been used.
Since you are using words and ideas from this source, the author will need to be cited in your paper.
There are three ways to cite this paragraph:
paraphrasing,
summarizing, and
quoting.
putting a passage into your own words
1. Paraphrasing
“Changing a few words of the original sentences does NOT make your writing a legitimate paraphrase. You must change both the words and the sentence structure of the original, without changing the content,"
(Preventing Plagiarism When Writing. n.d.).
According to Carroll (1865), Alice struggled to overcome the inconsistency of the flamingo, the hedgehog, the cards, and the changing terrain during her initial attempt at the game.
Paraphrasing example:
2. Summarizing
putting the main idea into your own words
Summarizing example:
Due to the unpredictability of several components of the game, including the flamingo and the hedgehog, Alice found it very challenging to become an effective player (Carroll, 1865).
3. Quoting
taking the exact wording used by an author
Quoting can be done in two ways:
The first way: Short quotations
Short quotations need quotation marks
Less than 40 words
Carroll describes the challenges faced by Alice which led “to the conclusion that it was a very difficult game indeed” (Carroll, 1865, p. 121).
Example:
The second way: Long quotations
Long quotations do not need quotation marks.
More than 40 words
Need to be indented
(The Owl at Purdue, n.d.)
Example:
In a poignant and thorough description, Carroll explains Alice's difficulty:
the chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body tucked away, comfortably enough, under her arm, with its legs hanging down, but generally, just as she had got its neck nicely straightened out, and was going to give the hedgehog a blow with its head, it WOULD twist itself round and look up in her face. (Carroll, 1865, p. 121)
Is there any information that does not need a citation?
Anything that is
common knowledge
does not need to be cited.
Common knowledge can be defined as something others already know or can be found in general references sources
(Stolley, K., Brizee, A., and Paiz, J. M., 2013b).
The capital city of Saskatchewan is Regina.

The Beatles sang "Hey Jude."

The sky is blue.
Examples of
common knowledge
What about my own ideas and thoughts?
(Preventing plagiarism when writing, n.d.).
“Of course you want to get credit for your own ideas" (Preventing plagiarism when writing, n.d.).
"And, you don't want your instructor to think that you got all of your information from somewhere else" (Preventing plagiarism when writing, n.d.).
"If it is unclear whether an idea in your paper really came from you or whether you got it from somewhere else and just changed it a little, you should always cite your source"
To sum up, plagiarism is not giving credit to others’ research or ideas. Only common knowledge and your own ideas do not need to be cited.
The most important thing to remember is
“When in doubt, cite”
(Stolley et al., 2013b).
Carroll, L. (1865). Alice’s adventures in Wonderland. New
York, NY: Avenel Books.
The Owl at Purdue. (n.d.). Purdue online writing lab.
Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/1/
Preventing Plagiarism When Writing. (n.d.). Retrieved
August 19, 2014 from http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/prevention/
Stolley, K., Brizee, A. & Paiz, J. M. (2013a). Avoiding
plagiarism: Overview and contradictions. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/
Stolley, K., Brizee, A. & Paiz, J. M. (2013b). Is it plagiarism
yet? Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/
What is Plagiarism? (n.d.). Retrieved August 19, 2014 from
http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism/

References
What is a reference list?
The reference list has the full information for an in- text citation so that your reader can locate the information.

A reference includes the following:
Author
Date
Title
Location where source was published
The formatting of a reference will change depending on what type of source it is.
Notice that the citation includes the author with the date in brackets.
In this example, the author and date are bracketed at the end of the sentence.
The formatting of your in-text citations will be dependent on the way you structure your sentence. The important thing to remember is to have that information available somewhere in your sentence.
Now onto the third way you can include research in your paper.
The citation for a quotation needs the author, date, and page number for where the passage is located in your source.
You will notice that the whole quote is indented.
Diane Zerr, BA, MLIS
Chau Ha, MLIS, BSCN
Saskatchewan Polytechnic

Here is a passage from
Alice in Wonderland
that you want to use in your paper:
The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in managing her flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body tucked away, comfortably enough, under her arm, with its legs hanging down, but generally, just as she had got its neck nicely straightened out, and was going to give the hedgehog a blow with its head, it WOULD twist itself round and look up in her face, with such a puzzled expression that she could not help bursting out laughing: and when she had got its head down, and was going to begin again, it was very provoking to find that the hedgehog had unrolled itself, and was in the act of crawling away: besides all this, there was generally a ridge or furrow in the way wherever she wanted to send the hedgehog to, and, as the doubled-up soldiers were always getting up and walking off to other parts of the ground, Alice soon came to the conclusion that it was a very difficult game indeed. (Carroll, 1865, p. 121)
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