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10.1 Popes and Kings
Transcript of 10.1 Popes and Kings
Powers of the Pope
Was the leader of the Western Church.
The pope was God's representative on earth.
The pope's main duty was to tell the church what to teach.
The pope would also issue a papal bull: a letter that outlines church policy, teaching, or excommunication.
He could excommunicate somebody, meaning he could kick people out of the church.
They not only had spiritual power, they had political powers:
King of Rome, or the Holy See.
Lived as royalty with large palaces.
Came into conflict with kings.
Power of the Kings
In the early middle ages kings had little to no power, but when feudalism declined, they gained all the power back.
In England and France, kings inherited their thrones.
In the Holy Roman Empire nobles would vote for a king and then the pope would have to approve.
Kings had political power to:
Settle disputes in the kingdom.
Kings and Popes Clash
Pope Gregory VII came to power in Rome.
The pope disapproved of a bishop chosen by the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry IV.
Henry became angry and tried to have the pope removed; however, the pope excommunicated Henry.
Henry had to beg the pope for forgiveness to get back into the church.
This incident made the pope more powerful than the emperor at that time.
The fight over the right to choose bishops continued the rest of the Middle Ages.