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Renaissance Music ^_^

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Connie Liou

on 4 June 2013

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Transcript of Renaissance Music ^_^

Renaissance Music Connie Liou Artists prevailed and scientists made ground breaking discoveries in the Renaissance. But music was just starting to come out of its infancy. Clefs looked like squares, music was basically doubled, and instruments were made of...interesting animal parts. The Renaissance was when music first became polyphonic, which basically means that there are multiple, equally important melodies in a piece of music. In a choir, those parts could be the soprano, alto, tenor and bass parts, whereas in an orchestra, that could be anything from a violin part to a trombone part. Opposed to the preceding Medieval Times, when music was monophonic (one melody and a simple accompaniment), Renaissance music was described as layered, harmonized and balanced. I don't know who started this wonderful polyphony thing, but I DO know some masters of this polyphonic style. William Byrd was considered the greatest English composer of all time. He seemingly mastered all genres of music and was the first "keyboard master". Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was most known for his motets, which are music pieces sung by a church choir without any instrumental accompaniment. He wrote music for the Roman Catholic Church. Josquin des Prez was one person who could combine numerous styles of music. His originality and creativeness resulted in him being known as Europe's most sought after musician. Of course these epic musicians wrote their music the same way as we do now, right? Besides, music has been here for centuries. WRONG Their measures were 8 beats long instead of 4.
They even had a double whole note, the breve...
and an even longer note called the Longa There's also a minima, a modern half note

semiminima -quarter note

fusa -8th note

semifusa -16th note Their clefs were weird looking too.... Most music was written in the C clef or alto clef because most voices fell in that range.
The Renaissance C clef actually looked like a C. The G clef was written for higher registers and looked like a G ...unlike now...

Really 21st century? Then again, Renaissance bass clefs looked like squares Instruments....... The lute was the most respected instrument of all during the Renaissance. It was almost entirely made of wood and usually had 15 strings in the Renaissance. It was portrayed as angelic, courtly, and delicate. The recorder was another extremely common instrument. it was an instrument for everyone and was very versatile. The recorder could be played along with the ancestors of cellos, viols, to vocal music Recorders are the most diverse instrument by far. They can range from a tiny 6 inch garklein recorder to an astounding 8 foot sub contrabass recorder. There were instruments that were more peculiar...
like the Bladder Pipe... It's exactly what it sounds like. The white part is a goat's bladder. It's sometimes considered a simplified bagpipe There's also this instrument called a serpent. It's maily made of African Blackwood and sounds something like a tuba. Well music, you have come a long way. Congratulations on making it this far, even if your G clefs look nothing like G's William Byrd Giovanni Palestrina Josquin des Prez Renaissance music notes had the weirdest names, and common time was revolved around the Semibreve, or something we'd call a whole note now. Everything was written in mensural notation Breve longa http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/mp3/garklein.mp3 click for garklein recorder recording http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/mp3/rec_low.mp3 click for contrabass and bass recorder duet http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/mp3/Bladderp.mp3 bladder click for bladder pipe recording: http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/mp3/serpent.mp3 click for serpent recording http://www.music.iastate.edu/antiqua/mp3/lute.mp3 click for amazing lute sound
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