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A Timeline to the Great War
Transcript of A Timeline to the Great War
A Timeline to the Great War
by Austin Ramsey
Events in 1914
June 28, 1914- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
August 1, 1914: Click on link to read the actual declaration of war- Outbreak of World War I; German declaration of war on Russia
August 4, 1914: Great Britain Declares War on Germany, as reported in the Daily Mirror
August 19, 1914: President Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality
September 19, 1914: The Status of Armed Merchant Vessels
December 26, 1914: U.S. Protests Against Maritime Warfare
Events in 1915
February 4, 1915: German Admiralty Declaration Regarding Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare
February 10, 1915: President Wilson's First Warning to the Germans
March 1, 1915: American citizen dies in sinking of first passenger ship, the British liner Falaba
May 7, 1915: Lusitania sunk by German off Irish coast. Telegram from Wilson re: Sinking of the Lusitania
May 12, 1915: The Bryce Report. Used as propaganda to try to bring the US into the war.
October 15, 1915: German Ambassador's Assurances About American Ships
November 20, 1915: President Wilson researches a program of national defense (dubbed "Preparedness")
Events in 1916
January 27, 1916: Wilson launches nationwide campaign to generate support for Preparedness with three speeches in New York. He now feels that war is imminent and is trying to get the US population in support.
April 27, 1916: Marshal Lord Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War, asks for American military participation in Europe.
June 3, 1916: National Defense Act is passed- authorizes five-year expansion of U.S. Army
July 30, 1916: Jersey City, N.J., munitions plant destroyed; German sabotage suspected.
October 15, 1916: Germany resumes U-boat attacks under "search and destroy" rules.
December 12, 1916: Germans issue peace note suggesting compromise peace.
Events in 1917
January 31, 1917: Germany officially breaks her promise and announces resumption of unrestricted U-boat warfare.
February 3, 1917: U.S. severs relations with Germany.
February 24, 1917: Great Britain releases Zimmermann Note to U.S. The Zimmerman Letter- Germany tries to create an alliance with Mexico (they now also feel that the US will be entering the war soon). In the note they ask for Mexico's assistance in a fight against the US in return Mexico will gain back their lands of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. "… we propose an alliance on the following basis with Mexico: That we shall make war together and together make peace. We shall give general financial support, and it is understood that Mexico is to re-conquer the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. —From the German Secretary of State (Zimmerman) to the German Minister to Mexico"
March 29, 1917: Wilson publicly calls for a national army to be “raised and maintained exclusively by selective draft.”
April 2, 1917: Wilson War Message to Congress (8:32 p.m.)
April 6, 1917: U.S. declares war on Germany
Assassination of Archduke
Franz Ferdinand of Austria
June 28, 1914
Germany Declares War on Russia
August 1, 1914
Arch Duke along with his wife was shot on this date. This was also his wedding anniversary day. He was killed by a Serbian Nationalist. One outcome of the assination was that Austria-Hungary blamed the Serbian Government for the attack and hoped that they could use this incident for settling the question of Slav Nationalism.
On this day, Russia and Germany declare war on each other. This would signal the start of World War 1 or the Great War which would a long 4 years of war. This war was a result of very bloody war with innovations in technology. The war began due to the Arch Duke being assasinated by a Serbian Nationalist.
Great Britain Declares War on Germany
August 4, 1914
Inorder to side with Russia, Great Britain sided and declared war on Germany. The war occured due to great tension in Europe at the time.
President Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality
August 19, 1914
In the beginning, Wilson felt as though the War was not to be fought by the U.S. He felt like it depended on what the American Citzens did and said. This was important because it gave the citizens the oppertunity to express their view on the war.
The Status of Armed Merchant Vessels
September 19, 1914
It was a status that said trade boats could carry defense weaponrey and ammunation. This gave trade boats protection while allowing them to continue trade. This occured because the start of the War.
U.S. Protests Against Maritime Warfare
December 26, 1914
This occured when the U.S. didn't want War to occur in International Water. This happened becasue this would have hurt the U.S.'s trade routes and economy. It was over five months later that Great Britain hadn't changed their policy raising tensions.
German Admiralty Declaration Regarding Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare
February 4, 1915
President Wilson's First Warning to the Germans
February 10, 1915
American citizen dies in sinking of first passenger ship, the British liner Falaba
March 1, 1915
Lusitania sunk by German off Irish coast.
May 7, 1915
The Bryce Report: Used as propaganda to try to bring the US into the war.
May 12, 1915
German Ambassador's Assurances About American Ships
October 15, 1915
President Wilson researches a program of national defense.
November 20, 1915
Wilson launches nationwide campaign to generate support for Preparedness
January 27, 1916
Marshal Lord Kitchener, British Secretary of State for War, asks for American military participation in Europe.
April 27, 1916
National Defense Act is passed- authorizes five-year expansion of U.S. Army.
June 3, 1916
Jersey City, N.J., munitions plant destroyed; German sabotage suspected.
July 30, 1916
Germany resumes U-boat attacks under "search and destroy" rules.
October 15, 1916
Germans issue peace note suggesting compromise peace.
December 12, 1916
Germany officially breaks her promise and announces resumption of unrestricted U-boat warfare.
January 31, 1917
U.S. severs relations with Germany.
February 3, 1917
Great Britain releases Zimmermann Note to U.S.
February 24, 1917
Wilson publicly calls for a national army to be “raised and maintained exclusively by selective draft.”
March 29, 1917
Wilson War Message to Congress at (8:32 p.m.)
April 2, 1917
U.S. declares war on Germany
April 6, 1917
This declaration from Germany was the first offical wave forbidding all merchant shipping traffic in British Waters. This again heightens the tension of the War. All waters surrounding Great Britain and Ireland are declared War zones leaving neutral ships in danger.
President Wilson urged the German Government to consider the circumstances before taking action. This shows Wilson's mighty power to try to prevent the U.S. from getting into the War. Wilson wanted to protect his people and ships from being destroyed by Germany.
Leon Thrasher, an U.S. citizen, was killed when a cargo passenger shipped named Falaba, was torpedoed by a German Submarine. This attack clearly voided President Wilson's warning to Germany. Because of the death of a U.S. citizen, President Wilson issued a Memorindum to German Government specifically including the sinking of the Falaba.
The Lusitania is torpedoed by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland without notice. This time over 128 Americans were killed. This would raise Wilson's view of the war to continue to tighten tension and anger towards Germany. In return, Germany decided inorder to win the war; they would have to resume unrestricted warfare in war-zone waters.
This report was issed to help encourage the U.S. to join the World War as it was forming. It was known as Propaganda or War Propaganda trying to get the U.S. into the war. This report was well respected by the U.S., but the U.S. was not yet going into the war...yet!This report magnifed German harsh practices try to show how bad Germany was treating their people.
This report was given because of the Arabic Crisis in which more U.S. citizens were drowned. The German Amassador, Bernstorff, said that these types of sinkings would not occur again. He says that the Arabic Crisis was the Submarine commander's fault, who didn't listen to his orders.
This program of National Defense would update the Militia Act of 1903. This act related to the Military. It also included an expansion of the National Guard and Military. The President was given more authority also. It was now up to approval to be passed.
President Wilson launches a campaign with over 3 speeches in New York looking for support of the Continental Army and Preparedness. This campaign was aimed at preparing the U.S. towards when they would eventually join the war.
Just a little under a year before the U.S. would finally join the Great War, Mr. Kitchener asks for US help in Europe. This showed the tension to continue to rise in Europe further pressuring the U.S.
to join the Great War soon.
The National Defense Act is finally passed expanding the military and the National Guard. This would strengthen the U.S. army helping them be prepared to join the war.
The "Black Tom" explosion which was the name given to the sabotage was likely to be german doing. On Midnight, there was fire on the pier which prompted men to call the fire department fearing a bomb. At 2:00 AM the largest explosion occurred at the plant. The bomb was felt from as far away as Philadelphia. They rated the explosion between 5-5.5 on the Richter scale. The bomb was traced back to Michael Kristoff, a Slovak immigrant, years later.
This signaled a time when Germany unleashed submarine warfare in merchant waters. This again showed their persistence in trying to win the war by their naval fleet.
Even abiding the rules, they continued to launch U-boat attacks.
This peace note given by the Germans showed that maybe they had changed their mind on their thoughts on war. This would later show to be untrue as the war would wage on.
Even though they had sent a peace note, Germany voided this note by continuing to launch U-Boat warfare. This again shows how Germany has changed their mind to continue and try and win the war.
On this day, the U.S. breaks all their relations with Germany showing that they are about to declare War. This signaled that the U.S. was imminent in joining Europe in the War. This would lead up to the U.S. declaring War on Germany.
The Zimmerman Telegram was a telegram from German Intelligence by Mr. Zimmerman suggesting a Mexico-Germany alliance in the case of a war between the U.S. and Germany. These notes would be published across many newspapers. This rose tension between the U.S.
This action by President Wilson urged the U.S. to get ready for war by getting the military ready. This showed that President Wilson was about ready to declare War on Germany.
On this day, President Wilson urged Congress that the U.S.'s diplomatic relations with Germany was severed. He urged Congress that it was time to declare war with Germany. He delivered his great War Message which was overwhelmingly passed four days later bringing the U.S. into the Great War finally.
Now approved by Congress, Wilson's War Speech resolution brings the U.S. into the war. On this day, the U.S. finally declares War on Germany.