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P2 International Institutions

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Mark Wood

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of P2 International Institutions

Task 2 (P2)
As a promotional piece for your magazine article produce a poster which Outlines the key features of The Geneva Convention, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), The European Convention on Human Rights and the Human Rights Act 1998
Task 3 (M1)
Expand your magazine article to analyse how decisions made by international institutions affect the operations of UK public services The Geneva Conventions are made up of
four treaties, and three additional protocols There were actually four Geneva Conventions.
The First Geneva Convention was agreed to in 1864.
The agreement provided for the protection of all medical facilities, their personnel and any civilians aiding the wounded.
It also gives the Red Cross international recognition as a neutral medical group In 1882 the second convention extended the protection of the first convention to wounded combatants at sea and shipwrecked sailors. The Third Geneva Convention was convened in 1929 and resulted in specific protections for prisoners of war http://www.icrc.org/eng/war-and-law/treaties-customary-law/geneva-conventions/index.jsp The Universal Declaration of Human Rights http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml Human rights are what every human being needs to live a healthy and fulfilled life and to participate fully in society. They are "entitlements" Human rights are:
■Universal - they apply to everyone equally
■Inalienable - they cannot be taken away from people
■Indivisible - they are all connected: failure to protect one right can lead to abuse of other rights, just as taking action to fulfil one right can lead to the fulfilment of other rights. Human rights are underpinned by a set of common values such as fairness, respect, equality, dignity and autonomy, for example....... Atrocities committed by states during the Second World War, and in particular the appalling abuses of the Holocaust, led the newly formed United Nations to establish a Human Rights Commission in 1947. A group of government leaders came together, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, to draft a new document in an attempt to prevent such human rights abuses from happening again. The vision of these leaders was not only influenced by events in Europe; other world events such as the assassination of Gandhi in India and the beginning of apartheid in South Africa were also at the forefront of their minds The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), was adopted by the countries of the UN in 1948 and it remains the most famous and most important of all human rights frameworks in the world Article 3: states that everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 1 states that we are born free and equal in status http://www.echr.coe.int/NR/rdonlyres/D5CC24A7-DC13-4318-B457-5C9014916D7A/0/CONVENTION_ENG_WEB.pdf Drafted in 1950 by the Council of Europe, the convention came into force on 3 September 1953. All Council of Europe member states are party to the Convention and new members are expected to ratify the convention at the earliest opportunity Unit 7: International Institutions The Fourth Geneva Convention was signed in 1949. This convention reaffirmed the requirements of the first three conventions and provided protections for civilians during wartime. Why do you think the UNDHR was created? European Convention on Human Rights The Human Rights Act 1998 (also known as the Act or the HRA) came into force in the United Kingdom in October 2000. It is composed of a series of sections that have the effect of codifying the protections in the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law. Human Rights Act 1998 UN Declaration of Human Rights
is enshrined in International law European Convention on Human Rights
covers the European Union The Human Rights Act 1998
transposes the ECHR to UK law Should we scrap the HRA 1998? Divide into two groups

Group 1 will research reasons why we should leave the HRA 1998

Group 2 will research reasons why we should keep the HRA 19998 Log on to a computer and commence
working on your Poster..... 1. Divide students into four groups and ask them to draw a map of the town. They should include their homes, major public buildings (e.g., parks, post office, town hall, schools, library, places of worship) and public services (e.g., hospitals, fire department, police station) and any other places that are important to the community (e.g., shops, cinema, petrol stations). Activity 2. When the maps are complete, each group should analyse their maps from a human rights perspective.
What human rights do they associate with different places on the maps? For example, a place of worship with freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; the school with the right to education; the post office with the right to information, to privacy, and to self-expression. As they identify these rights, they should look up the relevant article(s) in the UDHR and write the article number(s) next to that place on the map.

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