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Sleep Paralysis

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Darrius Marson

on 18 May 2011

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Transcript of Sleep Paralysis

Sleep Paralysis a transient inability to move or speak as one goes from sleep to wakefulness (usually associated with narcolepsy) Causes -Hormonal REM sleep is the deepest level in sleep cycles -Fatigue tiredness -Sleep Deprivations lack of sleep -Drugs side effects Sleep paralysis consists of a period of inability to perform voluntary movements either at sleep onset (called hypnogogic or predormital form) or upon awakening (called hypnopompic or postdormtal form).

Sleep paralysis may also be referred to as isolated sleep paralysis, familial sleep paralysis, hynogogic or hypnopompic paralysis, predormital or postdormital paralysis -A complaint of inability to move the trunk or limbs at sleep onset or upon awakening -Presence of brief episodes of partial or complete skeletal muscle paralysis -Episodes can be associated with hypnagogic hallucinations or dream-like mentation (act or use of the brain) Symptoms What Else -Some people with disrupted sleep schedules or circadian rhythm disturbances experience sleep paralysis -A study found that 35% of subjects with isolated sleep paralysis also reported a history of wake panic attacks unrelated to the experience of paralysis -Sixteen percent of these persons with isolated sleep paralysis met the criteria for panic disorder ? Hypnagogic Sleep Paralysis * a lack of sleep
* a sleep schedule that changes
* mental conditions such as stress or bipolar disorder
* sleeping on the back
* other sleep problems such as narcolepsy or nighttime leg cramps
* use of certain medications
* substance abuse Other Causes Diagnosis * you feel anxious about your symptoms
* your symptoms leave you very tired during the day
* your symptoms keep you up during the night

Your doctor may want to gather more information about your sleep health by doing any of these things:

* ask you to describe your symptoms and keep a sleep diary for a few weeks
* discuss your health history, including any known sleep disorders or any family history of sleep disorders
* refer you to a sleep specialist for further evaluation
* conduct overnight sleep studies or daytime nap studies to make sure you do not have another sleep disorder Treatment * improving sleep habits -- such as making sure you get six to eight hours of sleep each night
* using antidepressant medication to help regulate sleep cycles
* treating any mental health problems that may contribute to sleep paralysis
* treating any other sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy or leg cramps Hypnopompic Sleep Paralysis *Often associated with Narcalepsy NREM & REM Non Rapid Eye Movent Rapid Eye Movement
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