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Japan Culture

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Jordan Kelm

on 18 April 2014

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Transcript of Japan Culture

Japanese Culture
The modern day living and culture of Japan

Population
The 2012 recording of Japan's population was 127.6 million
The 2012 recording of the U.S.'s
population was 313.9 million
Technology
The Floppy Disk
Originally made by Yoshiro Nakamatsu in the late 1940's.
He was awarded for the basic technology in 1952
It's still unclear how IBM got a hold on this technology.


The Video Cassette
Sony created the VCR and video cassette and made them available in 1971
Pocket Calculator
Became available in 1971
Compact Disc
Automobiles
Japan is home to many of the major automobile manufacturers of today
Created jointly by Sony and Philips in the late 1970s
DVDs and Blue Ray are also Japanese Technology
The first cell phone was made by a Motorola employee named Martin Cooper in 1973

Before this, phones had to be connected to a vehicle

Talk time of only half an hour

It took 10 hours to recharge it

"Japan is now a leader in mobile phone technology and usage."
Japan is responsible for creating technology that makes our every day lives the way they are.
Population Density Map
Climate
Winter
Dry and sunny
Temp. rarely drops below 30
Northern Japan gets snow and is a bit colder
Spring
Pleasantly warm with little rain
Cherry Blossoms
Summer
Hot and humid
Temp. often rises above 90
Autumn

Cooler temps in the 40s and 50s
Breezy
Food
Rice
Noodles
Seafood
Beef and Chicken (more popular now in modern day)
Soya (soybeans)
Housing
Many live in apartment buildings
Some singles in the major cities rent mini apartments
Some live in houses if affordable
Clothing
Kimonos still popular
Traditional clothes for ceremonies
mostly wear "Western" clothes (like ours)
Video Games
Society

Definition: people living together in organized communities with shared laws, traditions, and values.
Example: The people of Japan make up a society
Culture
Definition: the beliefs, customs, arts, etc. of a particular society, group, place, or time
Example: Kawaii (means beautiful or cute). Kawaii is highly valued in Japan
Subculture
Definition: a group that has beliefs and behaviors different from main groups within a culture/society
Example: Chapatsu which is dying hair. In the past this has been considered a rebellious act. Today it is still sometimes seen as such.
Countercultures
Definition: a culture, especially of young people, with values in opposition to those of established culture.
Example: Tachinomi Bars are standing bars where the food and drinks are cheap, attracting younger people.
Norms
Definition: a standard, model, or pattern regarded as typical
Example: Japanese greet each other by bowing
Informal Norms
Definition: conventional practices that most people hold, but ones that are rarely made explicit or have precise definitions.
Example: Don't walk and eat in public because this is seen as bad manners.
Japan has been one of the most dominant countries within the global video game industry, since the release of the Nintendo Entertainment System
Music
Morning Musume
AKB48 (has 89 members)
Miku Hatsune - Vocaloid Character
Religion
Religion isn't a major role in everyday life in Japan
Religious practices are observed at births, weddings, and local festivals
The most common religion is a mix of Shinto and Buddhism
Gift Giving
You can't out-gift the Japanese- Mr. Godfrey
Modestly refuse a gift once or twice when receiving one.
Give and receive gifts with both hands
Gifts in pairs are considered lucky
Don't give in 4 or 9, considered unlucky
Wrap & place in a shopping bag to conceal it
Mores
Definition: The accepted traditional customs and usages of a particular group
Example: Take off shoes when entering homes and wear slippers. Wear different slippers in the bathroom and no slippers while on tatami mats.

Folkways
Definition: Traditional behavior or way of life of particular community
Example: Treat elders with a great deal of respect
Sanctions
Definition: a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule
Example: Birth control pills were illegal until 1999. Being in possession of them could land you in jail
Positive Sanctions
Definition: a reward or positive reaction for approved behavior
Example: getting good grades in school
Negative Sanctions
Definition: an expression of disapproval for breaking the norm
Example: Parents and teachers used to spank children when they were naughty
Values
Definition: beliefs or ideals about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable

Example: The people of Japan highly value their family
Japanese Numerals
Gestures
Asking for forgiveness; Favor, Thanking for a meal
Giving gifts
Greeting
Marriage
Men must be at least 18 to marry while women must be at least 16
Anyone under the age of 20 cannot marry without parents approval
Many young people are putting off marriage in pursuit of careers. This also means that fewer children are born which adds to Japan's population problem
Weddings are very formal and mostly private
Men considered bread winners while women still are keepers of children and the home
Myths and Folklore
Hanako San is a Japanese urban legend about the ghost of a young girl
that’s supposed to haunt school toilets, opening and closing doors and
scaring anyone who enters the bathroom, knocks on her stall, and calls her
name.
Hanako, the ghost in the toilet almost achieved the status of a national
phenomena in Japanese legend 20 years ago, when a wave of stories of
ghost-sightings swept through the nation’s school yards.
Every child had a “Hanako” story to tell. The stories, of course, are many and
varied but every schoolchild in Japan, at one time or another, has stood in
dread and anticipation as he or she ventured into the school toilet alone.
Comparisons
Focus on Honor
Respect towards higher status
Influenced by China
Very Technologically advanced, but in some ways more than others
Personal Names
-surname and a given name
-Honorifics situate people within the Japanese social hierarchy, by showing respect and affection
'-san' is the most common honorific title. San is similar to "Mr", "Ms.", "Mrs"
'-kun' is informal and mostly used for males
'-chan' is used to refer to children and female family members, close friends and lovers.
'-senpai' is used by students to refer to those in more senior positions
'-sensei' is used to address teachers, doctors, lawyers, politicians, or other authority figures.
'-sama' is a very formal version of san. It's used in addressing people higher in rank than oneself
Marriage
Younger people rather wait and focus on careers (also causes fewer babies to be born which doesn't help the population problem)
Weddings are often traditional and private (mostly family and a few close friends)
In marriages the husband is normally head of the house.
Men still seen as the "bread winners"
Women still seen as caretakers for children and the home
(However this is changing some due to women establishing careers for themselves.)
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