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Rachel Ballew

on 31 May 2013

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The Solar System
by Rachel Ballew The Solar System
By Rachel Ballew The Sun: The Solar Systems star Bibliography:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus Diameter = 1,392,684 km Facts! Mostly made of hydrogen and helium.
It is also contains oxygen, carbon, neon,
and iron It's 4.6 billion years old Thought to be brighter than
about 85% of the stars in
the Milky Way Galaxy 0.4 AU 0.7 AU 1 AU 1.5 AU 5.2 AU 9.5 AU 19.6 AU 30 AU Mercury Structure:
Large Iron core
Thin mantle Some scientist believe the outer
layers were stripped off by a giant
impactor! The temperatures are very
extreme, ranging for 700
kelvin to just above absolute
zero. Since there is no atmosphere the planet is not protected from the radiation from the sun Venus Venus has a thick silicant mantle and an iron core. It also has a significant atmosphere. Scientist have found evidence
of internal geological activity Climate:
Drier than earth
Temperatures over 400*C Atmosphere:
Is almost 96% carbon dioxide
The green house gasses keep the heat in
92% thicker than the Earth Fact: The hottest planet in the Solar System Is there a possibility of life? There is a spot in the planets atmosphere that is 50 km into the air. It is the closest place to earth in the entire solar system. There is a possibility of microbial life in that cloud area. Earth: The largest and densest of
the rocky planets Facts! The only planet with...
plate tectonics
liquid hydrosphere The atmosphere is 21% oxygen. There are 4 layers. The only natural satellite that orbits the earth is the moon. Structure:
Core - nickel and iron
Mantle - Rock containing silicon, iron, magnesium, aluminum, oxygen
Crust - Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium
Atmosphere - Oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide Mars Atmosphere:
Mostly carbon dioxide
Very thin The planet has two natural satellites that are believed to be captured asteroids Fun Facts!
Smaller than Earth and Venus
There was geological activity up until two million years ago
The red color comes from rust in the soil
There is water captured in the polar icecaps Although it is a dry barren planet there is a possibility of life especially because of the polar icecaps and it has a similar climate. Jupiter There is no potential for life because
it is a gas plant and has no solid surface. It is composed of hydrogen and helium Fun Facts:
2.5 times the mass of all of the other planets in the solar system
The strong internal heat causes semi permanent features
There are 67 know satellites
Largest planet in the Solar System
Covered with ammonia crystal cloud that are 50 km deep. There is an atmosphere on Jupiter that is made of molecular hydrogen and helium. Saturn Facts:
Extensive ring system
Least dense planet
62 satellites
Titan the 2nd largest moon in larger than mercury
Titan is also the only satellite in the solar system that has a substantial atmosphere Atmosphere:
Super cold - reach 180*C below zero
The winds can reach up to 1,100 mph
There are storms that generate lightning bolts
94% hydrogen, 6% helium, plus some methane and ammonia There is no possible chance
for life because it is a gas
planet Uranus Fun Facts:
14 times earth mass
Lightest of the other planets
Uniquely orbits the sun on its side
Coldest core of all of the other gas giants
Radiates very little heat into space
There are 27 satellites Structure:
Core - rocky
Mantle - icy
Outer - gas, hydrogen
and helium There is no life on the planet
because there is no solid surface Like Earth there are hurricanes, tornadoes, and other storms, but unlike Earth is a lot colder. It is actually the coldest planet in the Solar System. Neptune Fun Facts:
13 satellites
Surface temperature below 55* Kelvin
Hotter on the inside, 100's of km below the surface
The internal part of the planet radiates more energy than its receiving from the Sun
The orbit is 165 years long with 40 years long Structures:
Core - iron, nickel, and silicates
Mantle - water, ammonia, methane, other compounds
Atmosphere - 80% hydrogen, 19% helium, and also methane. ammonia, and water ice
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