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Louise McKinney

The life of one of the famous five.
by

Sebastian C.

on 19 May 2011

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Transcript of Louise McKinney

Louise McKinney Childhood Louise Crummy was born on September 22, 1868 in Frankville, Ontario. Her father, Richard Crummy came from Ireland in1842 to start a new life in Canada. Her mother was Esther Empay. Louise was the sixth child born in a family of ten and she was the second of three girls. She then graduated from high school and attended Ottawa Normal School.

She died on July 10, 1931 Adult After graduating from high school, she attended Ottawa Normal School to obtain a teaching certificate. Her true ambition was to become a doctor but the law stopped women from attending medical school. She became a teacher after recieving her teaching certificate. She taught in Ontario for four years starting in 1886. After those four years she moved in with her sister who lived in North Dakota where she taught for three more years. In 1894 she organized the Womens Christian Temperance Union ( WCTU). There she met James McKinney whose parents were immigrants from Ireland too. They soon got married. They had one son named Willard, who was named after Frances E. Willard. The leader of the the WTCU. The family moved to Claresholm, Alberta in 1903. There they started the first church and organized the church services. Faith played an important role in their life. Louise became the Primary Superintendent for church. They were raised as methodists. Two years later the McKinney family helped to build a methodist church. After Louise retired from politics and was succesful in achieving womens rights, she was known as on of the Famous Five . In July 10, 1931, Louise McKinney died at the of age 63 in Claresholm, Alberta. Many people all over Canada honoured her and remembered for her good deeds. Her gravestone only reads "Mother". Involvement In Government Louise McKinney was the first women to be elected in the government of Candada. 1917 was a big year for women. This was the first year that women were allowed to vote or run for office. Louise McKinney ran for Non-Partisan League (NPL). She ran for NPL because she believed that liquor and brewing companies influenced major political parties through donations. She was succesful in winning a seat in the governement as her sister was too. Louise McKinney has the distinction of being first. Many social reform movements had the support of the WCTU, which played a major part in obtaining the franchise for women in 1916. Louise focused on the temperance movement. Prohibition was mostly spurred on by the efforts of people of the temperance movement to close all drinking establishments. Louise believed in the educational value of prohibition campaigns. She was active in promoting views on negative effects of alcohol and smoking. She had the major role in 1915 for the provincial campaign to ban alcohol. Because of this, Alberta became the second province to aadopt prohibition. Alhough she was significantly was involved in politics, she often questioned partisan practices. The power of liquor contributions to political party funds was an issue that she took a stand on by not belonging to any of the two major parties. When the NPL was established in Alberta she gave it her support. She was persuaded to occupy candidacy during the 1917 provincial election and was suprised that she was succesful, becoming the first female legislater in the British Empire. Louise quickly became known as one of the most capable debater in the Assembly when bills were introduced and debated. She was interested in legislation to help people with disorders and kept on asking the government to make prohibition laws more effective. McKinney was delegate to the final Methodist General Conferance in 1925. She attended the first General Council of the United Church of Canada and signed the Basis of Union as one of the commisioners. When McKinney was defeated in her second election she retired from active politics. What was the issue back then and why was it so important?

The issue was making the decision on wether women should have the same rights as men. This was important because women were humans too and they deserved to have the same rights as men.

" The purpose of a womens life is just the same as the purpose of a mans life- that she may make the best possible contribution to the generation in which she is living"
-Louise McKinney



After recieving a letter from Emily Murphy asking McKinney to support her in gaining womens rights, McKinney's major initiative was to improve womens legal status. In 1929 she was one of the five women who carried the appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council which finally established the status of women as "persons" under the British North America Act of 1867. In recognition of her work, McKinney was made a World Vice-President of the Imperial Order of the Daughter of the Empire (IODE). For her actions and achievments she became one of the Famous Five. On January 23, 1930, the Calgary Women's Canadian Club held a lunch in the Crystal Ballroom of the Palliser Hotel to celebrate the Famous Five's victory. When it was McKinney's turn to speak, she called on women, "to dream big and act honourably." Does She Deserve To Be Famous? Louise McKinney does deserve to be famous. She changed things for women and she was not scared to let the government hear her voice. My reasons why I think she should be famous are that: She was the first woman to be sworn into the Legislative Assembly of Alberta and the first woman elected to Legislature in Canada and the British Empire, her acts are inspirational to people all over the world, and last but not least she helped to change mens attitudes toward women.

Louise McKinney was the first woman to be sworn in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta and the first women to be elected to Legislature in Canada and the British Empire. She changed history by doing this. This made her name known all over Canada. If she had not been the first women to be elected into government, today would have been different for women. I think she does deserve to be famous because she was the first women to be elected into government.

Louise McKinney's acts were inspirational. Today people are stronger because they fight for what they believe in. Her acts show that just even one person can change a lot for everybody. Inspiration is an important thing. Without it, you can't reach your goals. I think she deserves to be famous because her acts inspire others.

Louise McKinney, with the help of four others, changed how people think of women. Women would not be qualified as "persons" if they had not succeeded in appealing the court. Women would not be allowed to have jobs and would only be expected to be mothers. Imagine life today if the laws were not changed. I think that she deserves to be famous because she changed womens rights.

These are my reasons why she should be famous. Her actions changed the Canada and the world. She was ther first women elected into the government. Her actions were inspirational. She changed womens rights. Louise McKinney is an important part of Canadian history. Changes That Louise McKinney Helped To Make Louise McKinney helped change many laws, rights or anything that was invovled with the governnment. One act she is famous for was helping to change the meaning of the word "persons". She changed womens rights. These changes in rules allowed women to have a job, keep money, buy property, and have the same rights as men. She also changed history.

Though Louise McKinney did not make any organizations, she organized the WTCU and helped start the Franchise for Women.
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