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Transcript of Studying
The Shalchun Aruch writes ( Orach Chaim 307:17),
"It is forbidden on Shabbos and Yom tov to study anything besides words of Torah"
( Even Scholarly matters are forbidden ).
But there is an opinion that allows it; The first view in the Shalchun Aruch forbids reading all secular material, as opposed to the second view which states by the Rashba that studying is permitted-
Divrei Hochma, works of scholarship.
The Shalchun Aruch goes by the first view though, so it is forbidden to read or study any secular material on Shabbos.
From here we learn the importance of devoting our free time on Shabbos to Torah. We need to appreciate the Torah and Shabbos that Hahem gave to us and the beautiful masterpiece it is. Even when we have to study for our history test or biology test that is on Monday, push it off for after Shabbos. You can do it
Studying secular subjects on Shabbos
Halachic Controversy: Is it permit
ted or not ?!?
In Sefer Yishayahu ( Yeshaya- 58:15), it says " If you restrain your foot because of the Shabbos, from performing your affairs on my holy day, and you call my Shabbos a delight, the holy Hashem honored, and you honor it by not doing your wanted ways and speaking words"
Metzudat Dovid and Metzudat Tzion says on these words that one should not talk on Shabbos what they would normally talk about on a weekday. For example, buisness matters, math calculations, etc
The Shalcun Aruch learns from here that ones talk should be different on Shabbos. Not only should the conversations be different, but what is read and studied on shabbos should also be different.
The question comes up as to whether it applies to a doctor that wants to use a medical textbook for guidance in treating an ill patient...
For example, a doctor is called to treat a patient on Shabbos, would he be allowed to review his material in a textbook on Shabbos?
Ovadia Yosef writes in Hilchot Olam that in such cases, one may rely on the lenient view ( Rashba ), who as discussed before says its permissible to study secular subjects on Shabbos. Because there is a specific need to study the material in question, we may rely on the view of the Rashba. Ovadia Yosef even applys this to a medical student who needs to take an exam after Shabbos, so he may take the lenient view of the Rashba.
" I have a wonderful gift in my treasure house called Shabbos, and i seek to give it to Israel"
( Shabbos 10b)
Hashem to Moshe:
By: Zahava Pfeiffer