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Transcript of Cluster 10:
The Learning Sciences and Constructivism
By: John, Jordan, and Michelle
Learning Outside the Classroom
The world is increasingly digital.
95% of homes have DVD players and TV watching is second- only to sleep
Service learning is a good way to apply material.
Cloud computing is a good alternative to paid programs.
Make sure that the technology is being fit to the students, not the other way around.
- Don't go out of your way to use technology if it isn't useful
Virtual Learning environments- ways to learn online
Learning management systems (ANGEL)
Personal learning environment (students create their own... increasingly mobile)
Personal learning network (online peer interactions for learning) [Reddit, RSS feeds, tweetdeck]
Immersive virtual learning environment (ULTIMATE GOAL: It stimulates real world interactions- AI tutors built in.)
• Make sure that young children are using programs that they are in full control of. They should learn cause and effect and encourage discovery.
• Ask: Does this software program help create learning opportunities that didn’t exist without it?
• Working with computers does not automatically mean students are learning more efficiently. They’re most helpful when they incorporate frequent feedback, productive group work and real world connections.
• Digital literacy is the ability to read write and communicate in a variety of digital forms (film, video, images, sounds, music, billboards etc.)
Constructivist Teaching and Learning
Applying Constructivist Perspectives
o Mark Windschitl suggest the following:
Students reconstruct their own knowledge
Students work collaboratively
Don’t let students think that there is just “right answers”
In a reading class, they are reading Edgar Allen Poe’s The Raven and the students would work in collaborative groups to come up with the answer for the symbolism of the Raven. There could be many symbolic reasons the Raven is in the poem and you could have a wide variety of each reason.
Why it is important to keep in mind
We don’t really want students to think there is only right and wrong answers for many questions in the world and it opens many doors of opportunity for broader thinking in the future
For such subjects as Science and Math there is only right and wrong answers to question because of laws and such. Not everything can be taught in a constructive view but you can take some of what the view is all about with collaborative working to figure out problems based off prior knowledge
In math class you are teaching how to find the formula for area for a right triangle. The students know how to find the area of a rectangle so with prior knowledge they know a right triangle is just half of a rectangle therefore figuring out the formula
The Learning Sciences and Constructivism
Constructionism: How public knowledge in disciplines such as science, math, economics, or history is constructed
Constructivism: View that emphasizes the active role of the learner in building understanding and making sense of information
Basic Assumptions of the Learning Sciences:
1. Experts have deep conceptual knowledge.
Putting their knowledge into action; able to apply and modify their knowledge to fit each situation
2. Learning comes from the learner.
Learning is more than receiving and processing from texts; students must actively participate in their personal construction of knowledge
3. Schools must create effective learning environments.
It's the job of the school to create environments where students construct their own understanding to use the information they learn in the classroom towards the "real-world"
4. Prior knowledge is key.
Students enter classroom with ideas and beliefs about the world; some of them are right, some part right, some wrong.
"If teaching does not begin with what the students 'know,' then the students will learn what it takes to pass the test, but their knowledge and beliefs about the world will not change.
5. Reflection is necessary to develop deep conceptual knowledge.
Students need to express what knowledge they have gained (presentations, writing, etc.) but they also need to reflect on their work and progress
There is no one constructivist theory, but most constructivist theories agree on two things.
Central Idea 1: Learners are active in constructing their own knowledge.
Central Idea 2: Social interactions are important in this knowledge construction process.
First wave constructivism:
A focus on the individual and psychological sources of knowing, as in Piaget's theory
Second wave of constructivism:
A focus on the social and cultural sources of knowing, as in Vygotsky's theory