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Chemistry Periodic Table

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on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Chemistry Periodic Table

Nonmetals Halogens and
other nonmetals Semi Metals Name_Hydrogen
Symbol_H
Atomic # 1
Weight_1.00794
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Sun and stars Name_Carbon
Symbol_C
Atomic # 6
Weight_12.0107
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Basis of life’s molecules Name_Nitrogen
Symbol_N
Atomic # 7
Weight_14.0067
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Protein Name_Oxygen
Symbol_O
Atomic # 8
Weight_15.9994
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Air Name_Phosphorous
Symbol_P
Atomic # 15
Weight_30.973762
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Bones Name_Sulfur
Symbol_S
Atomic # 16
Weight_32.065
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Egg yolk Name_Selenium
Symbol_Se
Atomic # 34
Weight_78.96
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Copiers *Characteristics of nonmetals
-Rarely have metallic luster
-Neither malleable nor ductile
-Poor conductors of heat and electricity
-Usually exist as molecules in their elemental form
-Combine with other nonmetals to form covalent
-Generally form negative ions Name_Fluorine
Symbol_F
Atomic # 9
Weight_18.9984032
Category_Nonmetal
Characteristics_ Poisonous, pale yellow gas
Use_Toothpaste Name_Chlorine
Symbol_Cl
Atomic # 17
Weight_35.453
Category_Nonmetal
Characteristic_Poisonous, pale green gas-
Use_Swimming pool Name_Bromine
Symbol_Br
Atomic # 35
Weight_79.904
Category_Nonmetal
Characteristics_Toxic, caustic brown volatile liquid
Use_Photography film Name_Iodine
Symbol_I
Atomic # 53
Weight_126.90447
Category_Nonmetal
Characteristic_ Shiny black solid
Use_Disinfectant Name_Astatine
Symbol_At
Weight_85(210)
Category_Nonmetal
Use_Radioactive medicine Name_Ununseptium
Symbol_Uus
Weight_117(294)
Category_Nonmetal
No use Alkali Metals Name - Lithium
Symbol - Li
Atomic Number - 3
Weight - 6.94
Characteristics - lightest metal
What is it used for? - medicine to
treat bipolar disorder Name - Sodium
Symbol - Na
Atomic Number - 11
Weight - 22.990
What is it used for? - make salt Name - Potassium
Symbol - K
Atomic Number - 19
Weight - 39.098
Characteristics - rapidly
oxidizes in air
What is it used for? -
fertilizers Name - Rubidium
Symbol - Rb
Atomic Number - 37
Weight - 85.4678
What is it used for? -
thermoelectric generators,
fireworks Name - Caesium
Symbol - Cs
Atomic Number - 55
Weight - 132.9054
What is it used for? -
atomic clocks, ion engines
for space vehicles Name - Francium
Symbol - Fr
Atomic Number - 87
Weight - 223
What is it used for? - no uses Noble Gases Helium
Symbol: He
Atomic #: 2
Weight: 4.002
It is the laughing
gas. Neon
Symbol: Ne
Atomic #:10
Weight: 20.179 Actinide Series Actinium
Ac
89
227 amu
solid, radioactive, sometimes considered a transitional element
Used for chemotherapy and other radioactive medicine
http://blogs.browardpalmbeach.com/pulp/suspicious%20white%20powder.jpg Thorium
Th
90
232 amu
radioactive
Gas lamp mantles
http://thoriumforum.com/sites/default/files/thorium1.jpeg Protactinium
Pa
91
231 amu
radioactive
radioactive waste
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Protactinium.jpg Uranium
U
92
238 amu
radioactive
nuclear power
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HEUraniumC.jpg Neptunium
Np
93
237 amu
radioactive
radioactive waste
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Neptunium2.jpg Plutonium
Pu
94
244 amu
radioactive
nuclear bombs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plutonium3.jpg Americium
Am
95
243 amu
radioactive
smoke detectors
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Americium_microscope.jpg Curium
Cu
96
247 amu
radioactive
mineral analyzers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Curium.jpg Berkelium
Bk
97
247 amu
radioactive
radioactive waste
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Berkelium_metal.jpg Californium
Cf
98
251 amu
radioactive
mineral analyzers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Californium.jpg Einsteinium
Es
99
252 amu
radioactive
Research
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Einsteinium.jpg Fermium
Fm
100
257 amu
radioactive
Research
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fermium Mendelevium
Md
101
258 amu
radioactive
Research Nobelium
No
102
259 amu
radioactive
Research Lawrencium
Lr
103
262 amu
radioactive
Research Argon
Symbol: Ar
Atomic #: 18
Weight: 39.948 Krypton
Symbol: Kr
Atomic #: 36
Weight: 83.798 Xenon
Symbol: Xe
Atomic #: 54
Weight:131.293 Radon
Symbol: Rn
Atomic #: 86
Weight: 222
Only radioactive noble gas All tasteless, odorless and colorless Lanthanide Metals Lanthanum
LA
57
138. 90547
White, metallic element. Found in rare, earth-earth minerals combined with Cerium. It is soft, ductile, and oxidizes easily with air.
It's used as catalysts, aditives in glass, carbon lighting for studio lights and projections, ignition elements in lighters and torches. Elements that tarnish when exposed to air
All metals are soft
High melting and boiling point
Strong, reducing agents
When at elevated temperatures, they ignite and burn
They fluoresce highly under ultraviolet light Cerim
CE
58
140.116
Soft and ductile. Named after planet Ceres. Most abundant Rare Earth Metal
Used for Catalysts, additive to fuel or reduce emmissions, and to enamel glass for color changing Praseodymium
Pr
59
140. 90765
It's too radioactive. Not found in nature. Develops into green oxide coating
Used to form Trivalent, and to filter yellowe light from light sources Neodymium
Nd
60
144.242
Bright, silvery metalic cluster. Oxidizes in air.
Used to color crystals and fabrication of soldier lenses. Absorbs light from fire. Promethium
Pm
61
145
Isotopes are radioactive
Used to produe oxide and chloride. Creates Phosphurous light from street lights Samarium
Sm
62
150.36
Hard and silvery. Oxidizes with air. Most common Rare Earth Element.
Used to prosuce magnets. Cancer cell killer. Neutron absorber. Europium
Eu
63
151. 964
Non toxic. Superconductor
Used for glass and laser. Flourescent lamps. Gadolinium
Gd
64
157.25
Only found when combined with salt. Very toxic.
Used for oxidation of alloys. High neutron absorbation. Terbium
Tb
65
158.92
Found in minerals. Stable in air
Used for green emmission lines, make fluorescent lamps and provides trichomatric. Alkaline Earth Metals Symbol: Be
Atomic #: 4
Weight: 9.01
Characteristics: grey-white and short-lived
Usage: Radiation windows for x-ray tubes Symbol: Sr
Atomic #: 38
Weight: 87.62
Characteristics: silver-white or yellowish metallic when exposed to air
Usage: Fireworks (red, orage) Symbol: Ba
Atomic #: 56
Weight: 127.33
Characteristics: soft silvery and due to high reactivity it is never found in free nature
Usage: Fireworks (green) Symbol: Ra
Atomic #: 88
Weight: 226
Characteristics: almost pure-white but readily oxidizes in air turn black in color
Usage: Self-luminous paint for watches Symbol: Ca
Atomic #: 20
Weight: 40.08
Characteristics: soft gray and fifth most abundant in the earth's crust
Usage: Maintenance for bones and teeth Symbol: Mg
Atomic #: 12
Weight: 24.31
Characteristics: silver-white and eighth most abundant element in the earth's crust
Usage: Car alloy wheels Beryllium Strontium Magnesium Calcium Radium Barium Group IIA/2 Malleable & Metallic Solid 무 Transition
Metals
Symbol: Hf
Atomic Number: 72
Mass Number: 178.49
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Nuclear Submarines
Characteristic: Hafnium metal has a silver color. It normally appears to be gray because of the oxide layer that it forms in the air. However, if it is powdered, it can ignite spontaneously in the air.
Symbol: Ta
Atomic Number: 73
Mass Number: 180.94788
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Mobile Phones
Characteristic: Tantalum is shiny, gray, dense metal which is highly ductile. It is highly corrosion resistant due to the formation of an oxide film.
Symbol: Os
Atomic Number: 76
Mass Number: 190.23
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Pen Points
Characteristic: Osmium is a bluish white metal which can cause lung, skin, and eye damage when it is powdered. Symbol: Ir
Atomic Number: 77
Mass Number: 192.217
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Spark Plugs
Characteristic:Iridium is a rare, hard, lustrous, brittle, and dense metal. Powdered Iridium is a known irritant and is a fire hazard.
Symbol: Pt
Atomic Number: 78
Mass Number: 195.084
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Labware
Characteristic:This metal is a soft, silvery white metal. It does not oxidize in air even at high temperatures and is unaffected by common acids.
Symbol: Au
Atomic Number: 79
Mass Number: 196.966569(4)
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Jewelry
Characteristic: It is the most ductile and malleable metal. It is one of the densest elements.
Symbol: Tl
Atomic Number: 81
Mass Number: 204.38(1)
Category: Post Transition Metal
Used for: Low-Temperature Thermometer
Characteristic: Thallium is malleable silvery metal that tarnishes in air to the bluish gray oxide. This metal can be easily cut with a knife. Metalloid
Symbol: W
Atomic Number: 74
Mass Number:183.84
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Lamp Filaments
Characteristic: Tungsten is a hard, dense, silvery white, lustrous metal that tarnishes in the air. When it is powdered, its color is gray.
Symbol: Re
Atomic Number: 75
Mass Number: 186.207
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: RocketEngines
Characteristic: Rhenium is a rare, silvery white, lustrous, dense metal. It resists corrosion and oxidation; however, it slowly tarnishes in most air.
Symbol: Hg
Atomic Number: 80
Mass Number: 200.59(2)
Category: Transition Metal
Used for: Thermometer
Characteristic: It is a dense, silvery white metal that can be found as a liquid. It slowly evaporates at room temperature.
Symbol: Rg
Atomic Number: 111
Mass Number: 281
Category: Transitional Metal
Used for: Radioactivity
Characteristic: This synthetic metal has been only produced in minute amounts. This metal was made from bombarding Nickel-64 with Bismuth-209 in a heavy ion accelerator.
Symbol: As
Atomic Number: 33
Mass Number: 74.92160(2)
Category: Metalloid
Used for: Poison
Characteristic: It is a gray metal that does not melt when it's heated. However, when its heated, the solid changes directly to a gas.
Symbol: Bi
Atomic Number: 83
Mass Number: 208.98040(1)
Category: Post Transition Metal
Used for: Fire Sprinklers
Characteristic: This metal has a silvery white color due to the light inteference in its thin oxide layer on its surface.
Symbol: Pb
Atomic Number: 85
Mass Number: 207.2
Category: Post Transition Metal
Used for: Weights
Characteristic: Lead is bluish gray, soft, dense metal that has a bright luster when freshly cut. It tarnishes slowly in moist air to form a dull gray coating. Yttrium Y
3988.91
TransitionalMetal
Synthetic Garnets Name: Zirconium
Symbol: Zr
Atomic Number: 40
Weight: 91.22
Category: Transitional metals
Characteristics: Lustrous, greyish-white, soft, ductile, malleable, solid at room temperature, hard and brittle at lower temperatures. Highly flammable. Melting point: 1855 °C
Used for: Nuclear applications,
moulds for molten metals,
laboratory crucibles, metallurgical
furnaces, as a refractory material,
alloying agent in materials that are
exposed to aggressive environments.


Name: Niobium
Symbol: Nb
Atomic Number: 41
Weight: 92.91
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: Lustrous, grey, ductile, becomes superconducting at cryogenic temperatures, temperature: 9.2 K, bluish tinge when exposed to air at room temperature for extended periods, high melting point, low density,

Used for: Steel, improve the grain refining, retardation of recrystallization, and precipitation hardening of the steel, Superconducting magnets.

Name: Molybdenum
Symbol: Mo
Atomic Number: 42
Weight: 95.94
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: silvery-grey metal, melting point: 2,623 °C (4,753 °F), lowest coefficients of thermal expansion.
Used for: metallurgical applications such
as alloys, with the rest of molybdenum
used as compounds in chemical
applications, sometimes used instead
of tungsten.

Name: Technetium
Symbol: Tc
Atomic Number: 43
Weight: 98
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: silvery-gray radioactive,
looks like platinum, obtained as a gray
powder,
Used for: Radioactive isotope medical tests, it is a standard beta emitter, and is therefore used for equipment calibration.

Name: Ruthenium
Symbol: Ru
Atomic Number: 44
Weight: 101.1
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: polyvalent hard white metal, has
four crystal modifications and does not tarnish at
normal temperatures. Ruthenium dissolves in fused
alkalis, is not attacked by acids but by halogens, and it
is exceedingly rare
Used for: used in platinum and palladium alloys to make wear-resistant electrical contacts,
used in thick-film chip resistors, is a versatile catalyst

Name: Palladium
Symbol: Pd
Atomic Number: 46
Weight: 106.4
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: is a soft silver-white metal
that resembles platinum, least dense and
has the lowest ,melting points, and it is
soft and ductile,

Used for: In catalytic converters, also used in jewelry, in dentistry, monetary usage



Name: Silver
Symbol: Ag
Atomic Number: 47
Weight: 107.9
Category: Transitional metals
Characteristics: Ductile, malleable, brilliant white metallic luster, thermal conductivity
Used for: Currency, jewelry, monetary purposes, clothing, investing, electronics, photographs, mirrors, medical, etc.



Name: Cadmium
Symbol: Cd
Atomic Number: 48
Weight: 112.4
Category: Transitional metals
Characteristics: soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white, and it burns in air

Used for:
Batteries, electroplating, nuclear fission, compounds, laboratory uses.

Name: Indium
Symbol: In
Atomic Number: 49
Weight: 114.8
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: very soft,
silvery-white, When it is bent,
indium emits a high-pitched cry,
and it has 49 electrons
Used for: Electronics, metals and
alloys, and it also has many other uses.


Name: Tin
Symbol: Sn
Atomic Number: 50
Weight: 118.7
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: malleable,
ductile, bar of tin is bent, a
crackling sound known as the
tin cry can be heard, and is stable
Used for: Solder, tin platings, specialized alloys, and it has many other applications. Name: Dubnium
Symbol: Db
Atomic Number: 105
Weight: 262
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: may also be called eka-tantalum, expected to form a s
table +5 state, and dubnium may also form these reducing
oxidation states
image and Appliance: Unknown Name: Bohrium
Symbol: Bh
Atomic Number: 107
Weight: 264
Category: Transitional Metals
Characteristics: Bh exists as two states - a ground state and an isomeric state.
Image and Appliance: unknown Name: Darmstadtium
Symbol: Ds
Atomic Number: 110
Weight: 281
Category: Transitional metals
Characteristics: An extremely radioactive synthetic element, most stable known isope,
has half-life of approximately 11 seconds, and Darmstadtium has no stable or naturally-
occurring isotopes

image and Appliance: Unknown Aluminum Symbol: Al
Atomic Number: 13
Weight: 26.98
Category: Transitional metal
History: Its existence was the first one to identify it was Humphry Davy Morveau.He first named it alumium, but later renamed it aluminum.
Characteristics: Aluminum is lightweight, soft, durable, ductile, and has a silvery appearance. Aluminium is among the most abundant elements on earth´s crust along with oxygen and silicon. Its low density and its resistance makes aluminum a metal that is used in many different aspects.
Applications: Aluminum is mostly used in alloy formed and it is mixed with copper, zinc, magnesium, manganese, and silicon. Aluminium metal is used in machinery, cans, windows, wire, ship masts, paint, musical cords, etc. Scandium Symbol: Sc
Atomic Number: 21
Weight: 44.96
Category: Transitional metal
History: Scandium was first predicted by Dmitri Mendeleev, but Lars Fredrik Nilson was the discoverer. Nilson named the element based on the Latin word Scandia, meaning Scandinavia.
Characteristics: Scandium is a soft metal with a silver appearance. It is liable to climate changes and it dissolves in most dilute acids. Scandium is not particularly rare, it is the 50th most common element on earth and it is the 35th most abundant element.
Usage: lacrosse sticks, baseball bats, and bicycle frames Titanium
Symbol: Ti
Atomic Number: 22
Weight: 47.88
Category: Transitional metal
History: It was discovered by William Gregor in 1791, but it was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth. The name titanium cames from the Titans from the Greek mythology.
Characteristics: Titanium is a metal with low density, but a strong and resistant metal. Titanium occurs within the deposits of other minerals like rutile and ilmenite. It is widely distributed and found in Earth´s crust.
Usage: wire, pipes, missiles, aircrafts, and golf clubs Vanadium
Symbol: V
Atomic Number: 23
Weight: 50.94
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Vanadium is hard, ductile, and a ductile metal. The metal is found in a chemical form in nature. Vanadium has a good resistance against climate change. It was discovered by Andrés Manuel de Rio in 1801. Its name comes from the Greek word erythronium, meaning red.
Applications: Vanadium is used in small amounts and it is combined with other metals such as titanium and aluminum to form strong resistant metals. Jet engines is one example of how vanadium is used. Chromium
Symbol: Cr
Atomic Number: 24
Weight: 52.00
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Chromium is hard and resistant metal. It is has a high melting point and is shiny or polished metal. Chromium is the 24th most abundant element in Earth´s crust, but is rare. Chromium is first discovered in the late 3rd century by Terracotta Army in China.
Applications: Chromium was first used during the Qin Dynasty to form coat metal weapons. Now, its normally used to form stainless steel alloys. It is also used to make pigments, for example school buses are painted with a pigment made from chromium. Manganese

Symbol: Mn
Atomic Number: 25
Weight: 54.94
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Manganese is a grayish metal. It´s very hard and its difficult to fuse. Its normally found combined with iron and with other minerals. Its was first discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in 1770. The name manganese comes from the Greek word magnesia.
Application: Manganese is used as a metal and in many times its is used as a substitute for zinc and vanadium. One of the ways it is used is as batteries and pigments. Iron
Symbol: Fe
Atomic Number: 26
Weight: 55.85
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Iron is a hard, grayish metal. It is among the 4th most common elements in the Earth´s crust and it is also one of the most abundant. Iron has a low melting point. It was discovered by 5000 B.C., during this time the people used it as components for weapons and for tools.
Applications: Iron is used in almost all metal, which means that it used in every product that uses metals. Iron is very important elements for its high strength. It is also widely used due to the fact that it is a very cheap element. Cobalt
Symbol: Co
Atomic Number: 27
Weight: 58.93
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Cobalt is a very polished, hard, greyish metal. It is found in chemically combined form. Compounds of cobalt are common, but pure cobalt is not naturally found but made. It is metal that is not affected by climate changes due to a oxide covering. It was discovered by a Swedish chemist called Georg Brand in the year 1732. The name cobalt comes from the German word kobalt meaning goblin.
Applications: Cobalts main use is as the metal in alloy, but it is also used in batteries and color pigments. Nickel
Symbol: Ni
Atomic Number: 28
Weight: 58.69
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Nickel is a silvery-white metal that is ductile and hard. Nicke is rarely found of Earth´s surface, but it is found in combinations with iron. It was first used in 3500 B.C., but it was first classified by Axel Fredik Cronstedt in 1751.
Application: coinage, guitar strings, alloys, magnets, and batteries Zinc
Symbol: Zn
Atomic Number: 30
Weight: 65.39
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Zinc is a lustrous, bluish-white metal. It is less dense than iron and it has crystal like structure. Zinc has similar properties to manganese, because of its similarity in its ions. Zinc was first discovered by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf, a German chemist. The word zinc comes from the German word Zinke.
Applications: Zinc is mixed with iron to make brass. Brass has a wide variety of uses. In ancient times, brass was used to make weaponry and tools. Now a days, zinc is used for batteries and alloys. Gallium
Symbol: Ga
Atomic Number: 31
Weight: 69.72
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Gallium is a soft silvery metal. It does not occur naturally. It has a low melting point, and its melting point is used as a point of reference. It was discovered in 1875 by Lecoq de Boisbaudran. Lecoq named the element zinc from the Latin word Gallia.
Application: calculators, solar panels, lasers, and alloys Copper:

Symbol: Cu
Atomic Number: 29
Weight: 63.55
Category: Transitional metal
Characteristics: Copper is a soft metal that can be malleable. It had a reddish and orange color. I was discovered during the Middle Era, the Roman era. It was first called cyprium, but it was later changed to cuprum-copper.
Usage: electonic wires, motors, vaults, pipes, and bullets. Seaborgium

Symbol: Sg
Atomic Number: 106
Weight: (271)
Category: Transitional Metal
Characteristic:Seaborgium was first created by Albert Ghiorso and E. Kenneth Hulet in the year 1974. The appearance of the seaborgium is unknown. It was named in honor of a chemist named Glenn T. Seaborg.
Usage: there are no exact uses of Seaborgium, because it decays in short period of time. Meitnerium
Symbol: Mt
Atomic Number: 109
Weight: (276)
Category: Transitional Metal
Characteristics:
Usage: Meitnerium is a very radioactive element. It created in a laboratory by Gesellschaft fÜr Schwerionenforschung. It was named in honor of the Australian physicist Lise Meitner.
Usage: It has no exact uses, but it is mainly used for scientific purposes. BoronB510.811Semi-MetalsSports Equipment SiliconSi1428.0885Semi-MetalsStone, sand, and soil GermaniumGe3272.63Semi-MetalsSemiconductor electronics. ArsenicAs3374.9216Semi-MetalsPoison AntimonySb51121.76Semi-MetalsBatteries TelluriumTe52127.6Semi-MetalsThermoelectric coolers PoloniumPo84(209) Semi-MetalsAnti static brushes Common characteristicsGenerally look metallic but are brittle (not malleable or ductile)Neither good conductors nor insulators; instead they are semiconductors Arsenic Bismuth Roentgenium Mercury Gold Platinum Iridium Osmium Rhenium Tungsten Tantalum Hafnium Thallium Lead
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