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Music Technology in Performance

A time line of Music Technology used in performance
by

Mel Toal

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Music Technology in Performance

First machine to synthesise sounds Musical Telegraph - 1876 Invented by Elisha Gray while he was trying to invent the telephone. He accidentally created the first synthesiser. First recording (that you could play back) Thomas Edison announced the phonograph in the same year as Emile Berliner patented the gramophone. The phonograph recorded to a vertical cylinder, and the gramophone to the familiar horizontal disc. The Phonograph and the gramophone - 1877 The First electric guitar The first electrically amplified guitar was the Hawaiian-sounding Frying Pan, created by George Beauchamp, built by Rickenbacker and used by bandleaders such as Brewer and Andy Iona. Gage Brewer gave the first performance with an electric guitar in 1932. The First LP Album Columbia Records were first with the single-disc album, releasing 100 records on 21 June 1948. The first was a 10-inch LP of The Voice of Frank Sinatra. ' Blue Eyes' first studio album had previously been released as a set of four discs!

The first 12-inch LP was Nathan Milstein and the Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra of New York playing Mendelssohn's Concerto in E Minor. The First multi-track recording The first multi-track recording was released in 1947. It was a track called Lover (When You're Near Me), and was created by guitarist Les Paul(who incidentally also invented the guitar of the same name). Paul worked the track up in his garage, recording onto wax disks rather than the usual magnetic tape. Music Technology in Performance The history of technology in performance http://www.flickr.com/photos/diloz/5059993698/in/photostream/ First multitrack recorder Les Paul built the first multitrack recorder in 1955 - he added extra tape heads to a tape recorder. He financed Ampex engineer Ross Snyder to develop the first 8-track 'Sel-Sync' (Selective Synchronous Recording) recorder, released in 1955. The technology was expensive at first: the Beatles didn't get to use it until 1963. The Beach Boys' Pet Sounds was one of the first pop records to make extensive use of multitracking. First commercial track to use distortion Arguably there are two... Rumble by Link Wray - 1958 Rumble was almost certainly the first to use a distorted sound, which was apparently produced by pushing pencils through the front of the amplifier. Even though it's just an instrumental track, its menacing tone got the track banned. You Really Got Me by The Kinks' - 1964 This Track deserves a mention - Its guitar sound is far noisier and more distorted than Wray's, largely because guitarist Dave Davies slashed the speaker cone of his amp with a razor blade and then shoved pins through it. The resulting track is a blueprint for rock musicians everywhere. First track to use a distortion pedal The Rolling Stones - (I can't get no) Satisfaction - 1965 A distortion pedal alters the signal from an electric guitar to give an unusual sound. One of the first commercially available fuzzboxes was the Gibson Maestro Fuzz-Tone, used by Keith Richards in the Rolling Stones' 1965 US and UK chart-topper (I Can't Get No) Satisfaction. First Analogue Synthesiser Moog Synthesiser - 1967 Strange Days by The Doors was the first pop record to feature the Moog, in September 1967. Albums by The Monkees, The Zodiac, The Byrds and Simon & Garfunkel followed. But it was Switched-On Bach which showed the potential of the Moog for sonic innovation, and in doing so brought the instrument to widespread popularity. Switched-On Bach was also one of the first classical music recordings to go platinum. In July 1969, Dick Hyman's The Minotaur became the first top 40 hit to make heavy use of the Moog. First track to use a Vocoder Electric Light Orchestra - Mr Blue Sky -1978 The vocoder was first developed in the 1930s as a way of transmitting speech, passing the input through a multiband filter and envelope follower to encode vocal signals. Electro innovator Bruce Haack developed a prototype vocoder named 'Farad' after Michael Faraday. He used it on The Electronic Record for Children in 1969 and later on the 1970 acid-rock concept album about a battle between Heaven and Hell, entitled Electric Lucifer. Carlos and Moog developed a ten-band vocoder that provided the futuristic and menacing vocal parts of Beethoven's Ninth for the Clockwork Orange soundtrack. First digital synth Ned Synclavier - 1980 MIDI Created Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) - 1983 MIDI is a protocol that allows users to choose from one of 128 generated sounds. MIDI changed the sound of music and how it was performed. Autotune Autotuning began with "Auto-Tune" - a Pro Tools plug-in developed in 1997 by Exxon seismic engineer Andy Hildebrand, from research into interpreting vibrations in the Earth. Auto-Tune can be used in a live setting outside the studio because it works in real time. Similar technology is included in Celemony's Melodyne, as used by Coldplay and Daft Punk, which can build backing vocal tracks from lead vocals and manipulate individual notes within chords.

First time it was used on a commercial track was 1998 – Cher “Believe” Music Technology in Performance The history of technology in performance http://www.flickr.com/photos/diloz/5059993698/in/photostream/
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