Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
"Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory" - Judith Butler
Transcript of "Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory" - Judith Butler
Constitution -phenomenological theory of “acts”- explains how social agents constitute social reality through language, gesture, and all manner of symbolic social sign
- assumes existence of a choosing
agent prior to action (takes gendered
self prior to acts) Counter-argument: Simone de Beauvoir Performative Acts -“One is not born, rather becomes, a woman”
- Gender is not an identity from which acts proceed, it is identity constituted over time through repetition of actions
- Does phenomenological theory or the counter theory of de Beauvoir seem more correct to you?
- In other words, how do you define gender? Sex/Gender:
Feminist/Phenomenological Views - Gender is historical situation rather than natural fact (Merleau-Ponty and de Beauvoir)
- Sex = biological facility
- Gender = cultural interpretation or signification of that facility
- “Gender is not a fact, the various acts of gender create the idea of gender, and without those facts, there would be no gender at all”
- Being female does not have meaning
- Being a woman is a cultural sign
- Agree or disagree with these claims? Binary Genders and
Heterosexual Contract - Compulsory heterosexuality for reproduction to extend kinship system
- This idea cultivates bodies into discrete sexes
- Sex, gender, and heterosexuality in this case are historical products Three Main Focuses by Butler - Sex/Gender: Feminist/Phenomenological Views
- Binary Genders and Heterosexual Contract
- Feminist Theory: Beyond an Expressive Model of Gender Binary Genders and
Heterosexual Contract Theatrical Comparison
- Gender is a rehearsed act (similar to a script),
- However every actor performs lines differently – enacts different interpretations
- Case of transvestite (Good example of distinction between sex and gender)
- If seen in a play more accepted because audience understands that this is only a play
- Different reaction if encountered on a bus
- How would you react to a transvestite in a play or on a bus differently? The same?
- Gender cannot be true or false but performing it wrong receives punishments Feminist Theory: Beyond
an Expressive Model of Gender - Feminist theory against naturalistic explanations of sex and sexuality
- Primarily political interests create the phenomena of gender
- Does not support a preservation of the binary restriction on gender identity (male, female)
- What is your opinion on this "binary restriction?"