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Transcript of The Olympics
Olympic Games are the most important global sporting events, naturally causing high security concerns
Governments place great symbolic importance on the Games
Professionalism (Coakley, 1992)
19th Century England
Formation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Olympism and nationalistic displays
Theory: Michel Foucault
Power is free flowing
Two types of power; Sovereign power (Piro, 2008) and Disciplinary power (Bertani & Fontana, 1997)
Surveillance (Harvey & Rail, 1995) and the Panopticon
Nuremberg Laws caused the IOC to reconsider allowing the Olympics to occur in Berlin
Propaganda and the threat of a boycott (Kruger & Murray, 2003)
Germany's show of national pride (Walters, 2006)
Indirect political violence
Munich, Germany hosted the Summer Olympics in 1972
"Black September" (Schiller & Young, 2010)
Direct Political Violence
Salt Lake Games
Salt Lake City hosted the Olympics in 2002 after '9/11'
Increased risk and security (Atkinson & Young, 2002)
Success of Games
Direct/Indirect Political Violence
Surveillance continues to be an essential part of the Olympics
Political violence can be both direct and indirect
Some suggest the Olympics should be cancelled
What do you think?
Political Violence in the Olympics
Direct political violence: conflict of ideologies between different types of power resulting in physical harm
Indirect political violence: conflict of ideologies between different types of power resulting in threat, deceit and/or intimidation
Primary and secondary sources
When Beijing was chosen to hold the Summer 2008 Olympics, a lot of controversies were raised. (Chan, 2009)
August 10, 2008 American tourist in Beijing was stabbed to death
August 4, 2008 16 Chinese policemen were killed and injured
Direct and Indirect Political Violence
Presented by: Kendra, Kaitlyn, Kelsey and Judith