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Hunter Gatherers to Farming to Complex Civilizations

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by

Francine Mendoza

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Hunter Gatherers to Farming to Complex Civilizations

Farming
Work:
Hunter Gatherers to Farming to Complex Civilizations
Hunter Gatherers
Complex Civilizations
Work:
Lifestyle:
Spent less hours actually working than humans now.
Had to always be on the go, looking for
and following food sources.
Work was harder overall to complete.
People had very little, if any, possessions.
They had small populations of
25-70 people.
Hunter-Gatherer's had more varied food
By being on the move, germs and diseases were left behind
Transition
Transition
What caused Hunter-Gatherer's
to begin farming?
Populations started increasing
Warmer temperatures meant more time to grow and farm, and provided drier land
Plants/crops and animals were domesticated
and there wasn't the need to constantly be
searching for food sources
Seeds might have been scattered one year, and the next year plants were found in that same area.
Hardships:
Developmental Ideas:
What caused farmers to become
complex civilizations?
Food surpluses meant not everyone had to farm, so people could develop new jobs.
Humans made organized systems and institutions to fix problems.
People started developing social class
Began writing and recording information.
Developed more advanced
technologies.
Ex:
Social class
in Egypt
Humans needed to overcome natural problems or disasters.
People needed to create ways such
as irrigation to avoid problems with
unexpected climate changes.
Communities had to develop ways to
defend and protect themselves.
Humans had to find ways to get necessary materials or resources if they weren't natural to that area.
Lifestyle:
Communities lived in one place, and lived in houses.
People kept their own possessions.
Risks for germs and disease were high.
Farmers didn't have to travel far to get their food.
Farming produced surpluses of food.
Different people had different jobs.
Crops were domesticated to grow
where the humans lived.
Animals that would suit the needs of humans
were domesticated.
Things Complex
Civilizations Had
Humans traded with others to get
necessary supplies and materials.
People of importance (military leaders/
priests) ruled.
Some religious rituals based on beliefs
the people had.
Simple technologies such as animals
and irrigation.
Wrote using pictographs (symbols),
and only to record information.
Civilizations Kept
Improving
Some things civilizations had at
their peaks.
Kings were in charge and ruled.
People got divided into social classes. based on what your job was.
Humans started having spiritual values and
religious traditions that were common among everyone.
There were currencies instead of
just trading.
People invented technologies such
as potter wheels and created bronze.
Wrote using cuneiform (stylus and
moist clay) to write history and
things happening as well.
Full transcript