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Class Presentation

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by

Javaria Haleem

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Class Presentation

What is an Argument?
Reasons or sets of reasons
persuasive
about an action being right/wrong
belief/passion about reasons
logical
comprehensible
geared at the audience
premises
addresses potential counterarguments
Myth
idea or story believed by many people
unverifiable existence
told in ancient culture to explain practice, belief, or natural occurrence
unfolds worldview of people
unfolds false notion
its age and versions give it importance
Story
Speech/Conversation
Report Of Fact
Report of Fiction
Things that Work
imaginative proof
political satire
connects comic myth to familiar archetypes and rituals
explains a perspective on love
explains accepted conditions of human nature, love, soul-mates
hard to contradict premises
hard to say anything about validity
Things that Don't Work
comedic atmosphere may not take the moral of the story seriously
the absurdity of the myth itself may not be too convincing
Aristophanes Speech
imaginative, wild myth rather than a speech
Question: Does Aristophanes' Myth function as an effective form of Argument?
How does an Argument compare to these other forms?
What are Features of an Argument?
Good Arguments
transparent validity- whether some collection of propositions immediately entails some specific proposition.
good quality of premises
Eryximachus
Agathon
Pausanias
Socrates
Where does Aristophanes's Speech Fit In?
Weak Arguments
No transparent Validity
Weak Premises
Phaedrus
Diotima
Full transcript