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Transcript of Sodium Project
Potassium chloride, KCl, as pills are a source of potassium and a substitute for salt, NaCl, for people on a salt-restricted diet
Potassium chlorate, KClO3 is used in matches, fireworks, and explosives, and as a disinfectant and bleaching agent.
Potassium bromide, KBr, is used by veterinarians as an anticonvulsant medicine for dogs
Potassium iodide, KI, is used in radiation therapy to block effects on the thyroid gland.
Potassium cyanide, KCN, is used in electroplating and photography. It is extremely toxic. Things you'll learn:
Exactly how much Sodium & Potassium Affect our lives
Why Sodium & Potassium is good in moderation
How much Sodium & Potassium intake needed daily Nerve impulse transmission is assisted by sodium. The sodium ion helps transmit the electrical signals in the nervous system. In rare cases where the autonomic nervous system malfunctions and dysautonomia is the result, salt is actually a treatment for disease management.
Muscles contract and relax with help from sodium. Too little salt in your diet can lead to a harmful electrolyte imbalance. Cramps, dizziness and other neurological problems can result from the imbalance of salt and water in the body, putting you at risk for water intoxication or hyponatrem. Potassium is important in helping maintain the body's fluid balance along with another important electrolyte --- sodium. When we sweat, our bodies lose potassium, so it is important to replenish its levels following exercise or extreme physical exertion. The daily recommended allowance for potassium is approximately 3.5 g. Low levels of potassium, a condition known as hypokalemia, can lead to symptoms such as weakness or fatigue, while more pronounced deficiencies can eventually have a negative impact on the heart. Hypothesis: Our hypothesis is if one does not
intake a moderate amount of either Sodium or Potassium, unhealthy symptoms such as cardiac arrest, hyponatremia, fatigue, irritability, and hypertension could occur. Experiment: Studies show that chimpanzees are similar to the heterogeneous human, aka, us. Thus, in our experiment two parallel experiments were performed. One had modified sodium intake within a cohort, with the chimps serving as their own controls. In another experiment, parallel groups were assigned either to maintain a higher sodium intake or to reduce sodium intake by half. It is very important to note that the remainder of the animals’ diet remained the same; it indeed was replete with fruits and vegetables. To Salt or Not to Salt Nutritional Program: Introduce additional flavor to your foods with herbs and spices like garlic, oregano, basil, pepper, thyme and sesame. These all add flavor without the extra sodium. If a recipe calls for salt, cut the amount called for in half and taste it before adding more.
Make healthy choices at the grocery store. Processed foods (anything in a box or bag) tend to be high in sodium because it helps preserve foods longer and increase flavor. Always read labels for the foods you buy, including the sodium content on the nutrition facts label and the ingredients list. Potassium High Foods: White Beans, Spinach, Baked Potatoes, Salmon, and Bananas.
Fast foods are high in more things than just fat. Many of these meals, sandwiches and fries contain more than your daily recommended intake of sodium in just one serving. When consulting restaurant websites to make healthy choices, pay attention to sodium levels as well. By keeping your portions in check (order a junior burger or small French fry instead of the big burgers and super fries) will help control your sodium (and caloric) intake. Conclusion Each person is different, but Sodium & Potassium is good for the body in moderation. Remember that your body needs both Potassium & Sodium for several essential functions like maintaining fluid balance, heart health, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction, and for proper function of all cells, tissues, and organs. In addition to all these functions potassium helps your body to utilize the protein you eat to build muscle, bones, and other cells. Don't forget that everything is good in moderation. Moderation is the key word of this project.