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World War I AP

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 24 March 2016

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Transcript of World War I AP

World War I
1914-1919

Long-term Causes
Nationalism
Each country wants to show they are the best (Britian v. Germany)
Self-determination
Common ethnic identities should have own country
Imperialism
Countries fight with each other to gain colonies
Germany
Late started
Wanted more colonies
Alliance System
Alliance: when countries agree to support each other
Triple Entente
Triple Alliance
Serbia
Protector
Competition between countries led to the creation of alliances to act as buffers and supports
Militarism
When a society places importance on the military and increases weapon production
Nationalism & Imperial conflicts - need a bigger military
Europe was more than doubled its military spending
July 25
June 28
Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated by Serbia nationalist, Gavrilo Princip
Serbia and Russia begin mobilizing military
July 27
July 29
July 28
August 1
August 3
August 6
August 2
August 4
August 23 & 25
European countries meet to discuss crisis but Germany refuses to come
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Russia begins mobilizing army
Germany declares war on Russia &
France mobilizes army
Germany and Ottoman Empire become allies
Germany declares war on France
Britain declares war on Germany
Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
Japan declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary
The War Blows Up (1914)
M.A.I.N
M
ilitarism
A
lliance System
I
mperialism
N
ationalism
Pan-Slavism
Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottomans
Allies: France, Britain, Russia, Italy, United States
VS
Total War & The Home Front
Ending the War
Trench warfare - stalemate
New, more destructive weapons
The Home Front
Society changed to help the war effort
Factories mainly produced military necessities
Women gained more rights by entering the workforce
Rationing
Propaganda
Censorship - fear of giving away military positions
Unrestricted submarine warfare
German's allowed to sink any ship without warning
Sank the Lusitania (secretly carrying weapons)
Spurred the US to join the war
November 11, 1918 - Germany & Austria surrender / Armistice
US entered in 1917 - brought fresh troops and weapons
Russia pullout of the war in 1917 after the communist revolution
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - Russia gave up territory and reparations to Germany
June 28, 1919 - Treaty of Versailles is signed officially ending the war
Treaty of Versailles
Goals:
France
: punish Germany
Britain
: destroy Germany's navy and take colonies
US
: 14 Points
Woodrow Wilson - 14 Points
Establish League of Nations
Free trade
Ensure country's sovereignty
Reality
Guilt Clause
- Germany responsible for the war
Reparations
- Germany pay's 6.6 billion pounds
Demilitarization
- Germany's army (100,000) & navy (6 battleships); no planes or submarines
Territory Loss
- 25,000 sq. miles & colonies
Anschluss
- Germany and Austria cannot be one country
Baltic States
- becomes independent states
League of Nations
- international organization created to settle disputes
Full transcript