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The Berlin Wall

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Ms. Phelan

on 6 May 2016

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Transcript of The Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall
Before the Wall...Germany in Ruins
-East German government
-27 miles long
-Barbed wire
-"Protect citizens from Capitalism"
-Telephone & mail service cut
-Barbed wire replaced with stone,
steel and deadly force
-Soviet tanks
The Fall of the Wall...
Destruction date:

Government unable to:

Official Re-unification of City:

Interesting Facts about the Berlin Wall!
There was a psychological illness called "Mauerkrankheit" - other wise known as Wall Sickness
Wall sickness is when one is afraid of confined spaces and crowds.
Symptoms were depression,
delusions and repeated suicide attempts
The "Death Strip"
In between the two walls that made the barrier there was a small zone called the Death Strip.
+5,000 people successfully defected to West Berlin
Why Berlin....

Berlin Wall in 1961
Berlin Wall Today
Why a wall?
The Berlin Wall was constructed as a way to prevent East Berlin citizens from entering West Berlin. It was not a boundary for West Berliners wanting to enter the East.
The Eastern German border guards were all given a shoot to kill order for all persons found in the area
Some began chipping at the Berlin Wall with hammers and chisels. There was an huge celebration along the Berlin Wall, with people hugging, cheering, and crying.

The Berlin Wall was eventually chipped away, into smaller pieces. The pieces have become collectibles and are stored in both homes and museums.

After the Berlin Wall came down, East and West Germany reunified into a single German state on October 3, 1990.
The United States Reaction towards the Berlin Wall
The United States
Reaction Towards the Berlin Wall

-On July 25, 1963 President John F. Kennedy gave a speech on the Soviet oppression and offered hope to the people that lived in the separated city.
"Ich bin ein Berliner" "I'm a Berliner"
The Aftermath
People tried many methods to escape the wall. Including digging tunnels under wall, flying over the wall using hot air balloons and driving sports cars at full speed at the wall.
Remember the Berlin Airlift?
August 13, 1961 - November 9, 1989
the end!
After WWII, Germany was
partitioned into 4 sections, each
controlled by a different country:
France, Great Britain, US, and
the Soviet Union.


Germany was permanently divided into East and West Germany.

The airlift lasted 324 days, and
about 13,000 tons of supplies
were delivered daily.

It was BEFORE the wall.......

The United States
Reaction Towards the Berlin Wall
-On June 12, 1987 President Ronald Reagan issued a challenge to Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "Tear down this wall!" (destroy the Berlin Wall).
The city of Berlin was also
divided into four sections,
controlled by the same four
Does the wall only go through the middle of the city?
Was it before or after the Berlin Wall was built?
November 9, 1989
Halt exodus, the people are free
October 3, 1990
The Berlin Wall
Let's take one more quick look at the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.....................
The Soviet Union occupied East Germany and made it a

West Germany became
Berlin was divided in the same manner.
Wait - one more thing!
Full transcript