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American Imperialism

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emily stephenson

on 8 June 2015

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Transcript of American Imperialism

What is Imperialism

U.S. Imperialism video
Imperial Management Methods
Indirect Control
Local government officials used
Limited self-rule
Goal: to develop future leaders
Government institutions are based on European styles but may have local rules
Forms of Imperialism
Colony - A country or a territory governed internally by a foreign power.
Protectorate-A country or a territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
Sphere of Influence- An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Economic Imperialism- An independent but less-developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments.
U.S Imperialism in the Pacific Islands
Because Americans had fought for their independence from Britain, most of them disliked the idea of colonizing other nations. However, two groups of Americans were outspoken in their support of imperialism. One group felt the United States should fulfill its destiny as a world power, colonizing like the Europeans. The other group had business interests and welcomed the opening of new markets and trade possibilities.
American Imperialism
Imperialism is a policy in which a country seeks to extend its authority by conquering other countries.
The Philippines Change Hands
The United States acquired the Philippine Islands, Puerto Rico, and Guam as a result of the Spanish-American War in 1898. Gaining the Philippines touched off a debate in the United States over imperialism. President McKinley’s views swayed many to his side. His intentions were to “educate Filipinos, and uplift and Christianize them.” Filipino nationalists were not happy to trade their Spanish colonizers for another, the Americans. Emilio Aguinaldo, leader of the Filipino nationalists, claimed that the United States had promised immediate independence after the Spanish-American War ended. The nationalists declared independence and established the Philippine Republic. The United States plunged into a fierce struggle with the Filipino nationalists in 1899 and defeated them in 1902. The United States promised the Philippine people that it would prepare them for self-rule. To achieve this goal, the United States built roads, railroads, and hospitals, and set up school systems. However, as with other Southeast Asian areas, businessmen encouraged growing cash crops such as sugar at the expense of basic food crops. This led to food shortages for the Filipinos.
Hawaii Becomes a Republic
U.S. interest in Hawaii began around the 1790s when Hawaii was a port on the way to China and East India. Beginning about the 1820s, sugar trade began to change the Hawaiian economy. Americans established sugar-cane plantations and became highly successful. By the mid-19th century, American sugar plantations accounted for 75 percent of Hawaii’s wealth. At the same time, American sugar planters also gained great political power in Hawaii. In 1890 the McKinley Tariff Act was passed by the U.S. government and set off a crisis in the islands. The act eliminated the tariffs on all sugar entering the United States. Now, sugar from Hawaii was no longer cheaper than sugar produced elsewhere. That change cut into the sugar producers’ profits. Some U.S. business leaders pushed to annex Hawaii or add the territory to the United States. Making Hawaii a part of the United States meant that Hawaiian sugar could be sold for greater profits because American producers got an extra two cents a pound from the U.S. government. About the same time, the new Hawaiian ruler, Queen Liliuokalani, took the throne. In 1893, she called for a new constitution that would increase her power. It would also restore the political power of Hawaiians at the expense of wealthy planters. To prevent this from happening, a group of American businessmen hatched a plot to overthrow the Hawaiian monarchy. In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power. In 1894, Sanford B. Dole, a wealthy plantation owner and politician, was named president of the new Republic of Hawaii. The president of the new republic asked the United States to annex it. At first, President Cleveland refused. In 1898, however, the Republic of Hawaii was annexed by the United States. The period of imperialism was a time of great power and domination of others by mostly European powers. At the end of the 19th century, the lands of the world were all claimed. The European powers now faced each other with competing claims.
Direct Control
Foreign officials brought in to rule
No self-rule
Goal: assimilation
Government institutions are based only on European styles.
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