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Ocean Preservation

Writing 2UCSC

Roxanna Utpadel

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of Ocean Preservation

This invention is meant to monitor and regulate the ocean and the habitats within its waters. It would help to determine turbidity, dissolved O2 levels, Dissolved Meta levels, measure and record the PH level and pollution level, record footage of what is occurring under the ocean depths.
Current Problems
Ocean Preservation
Against Human Impacts

Coastal Development
Marine Mammal Protection
Shark finning
Coastal Development
Issues with Coastal Armoring
Damages/changes local habitats depriving beaches of sand and increases risk of erosion

Oil Pollution
Shipping Emissions
Cruise Ship Pollution
Agriculture/Urban Runoff
Oil Pollution:
Marine life, ocean ecosystems and coastal economies are threatened by the renewed push to expand offshore oil drilling off of our coasts.
Shipping Emissions:
ships produce carbon dioxide emissions that significantly contribute to global climate change and ocean acidification. Besides carbon dioxide, ships also release a handful of other pollutants that contribute to the problem.
Cruise Ship Pollution:
Agriculture/Urban Runoff:
Cruise ships generate an astonishing amount of pollution: up to 25,000 gallons of sewage from toilets and 143,000 gallons of sewage from sinks, galleys and showers each day.
This means that our coastal environment and marine life are at risk from the threats of bacteria, pathogens and heavy metals generated in these waste streams
plastic debris in the ocean is a global problem that continues to worsen. While as much as 1.6 billion pounds of plastic end up in the ocean every year, plastic does not biodegrade, so the plastic that ends up in the ocean remains there indefinitely. This poses a threat to marine life in several ways.
Open ocean aquaculture, without strict environmental regulation, poses a serious threat to marine life, fisheries, and the health of the oceans in general
They can be significant sources of pollution caused by excess feed, fish waste, pesticides/chemicals, and dead fish that accumulate in the net enclosures
Agricultural runoff can include pollution from soil erosion, feeding operations, grazing, plowing, animal waste, application of pesticides, irrigation water, and fertilizer.
Pollutants from farming include soil particles, pesticides, herbicides, heavy metals, salts, and nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus.
It can also trigger algae blooms in coastal waters, and produce "dead zones" in the ocean where there is no oxygen and few fish or wildlife can survive.
In cities and suburbs, urban and industrial runoff is also a major source of water pollution.The pollution in urban and industrial runoff can harm/kill fish and wildlife and destroy the marine habitats in the ocean.
Persistent Organic Pollutant
Solutions to Problems:
Our Solution:
Raise Awareness
Beach Clean-Up
Decrease Ship Emissions
Decrease the amount of trash thrown in beach
Stop or reduce the amount of coastal development going on
The Monterey Bay Ocean Surveyor (a.k.a. "Gigantabot")
Coastal development because of Tourism:
Each year a large percentage of tourists head to coastlines around the world, where they have an enormous impact on marine ecosystems.
mangrove forests and seagrass meadows have been removed to create open beaches.
Tourist developments such as piers and other structures have been built directly on top of coral reefs.
Nesting sites for endangered marine turtles have been destroyed and disturbed by large numbers of tourists on the beaches, causing them to be displaced
It is eco-friendly. The sun is its source of energy
by Roxanna Utpadel, Norma Leticia Ramos, Jimmy Perez, and Crystal Sanchez
Funding for the Monterey Bay Ocean Surveyor:
adding $1 to the admission to enter Seymour Marine Discovery Center, the Marine Exploratory Center and the Monterey Bay Aquarium
strike a deal with the whale watching business and get a small part of their profit. In exchange, the Seymour Discovery Center, the Marine Exploratory Center, and the Monterey Bay Aquarium can advertise for them in their catalogs/pamphlets that people get when visiting these places.
Having local booths at marine tourist locations across the West Coast with donation availability
Why is the
Ocean Important?
Provides more than half of the our oxygen
Absorbs the most carbon
Primary source of protein
New medicine (Secosteroids)
Regulates weather and climate
Shark Finning
Marine Mammal Protection
PISCO:The Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans is a long-term ecosystem research and monitoring program established with the goals of:

understanding dynamics of the coastal ocean ecosystem along the U.S. west coast
sharing that knowledge so ocean managers and policy makers can take science‐based decisions regarding coastal and marine stewardship
producing a new generation of scientists trained in interdisciplinary collaborative approaches
3/4 of the world's fish stocks are being harvested faster than they can reproduce
80% of fish are exploited or overfished
Blue-fin Tuna are on the brink of extinction
NOAA means National Oceanic and Atmoshperic Administration. The scientists that are involved with this organization focus on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere.
This helps citizens stay informed of how and if the environment around them is changing and it is also where our "Daily weather forecasts, severe warnings and climate monitored reports" come from on the news
Millions of sharks cruelly killed annually
Black market of cutting shark fins
Used for shark fin soup that is a delicacy in Asian culture ($100 per bowl of soup)
Many species going extinct such as hammerhead shark
Sea Otters:
- Direct Impact on Kelp Forests
-Indirect Impact on Us Humans
-Sea Urchins
-Murdered by Ships & Plastic
-Less at the Bottom & More on the Top of the Food Chain
Sea Lions
-Harmed and Killed
-Young Drown
-Males Eat the Young
Full transcript